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Application of Optimal Control Method to Path Tracking Problem of Vehicle
ISSN: 2380-2162, e-ISSN: 2380-2170
Published August 26, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Liu, Y. and Cui, D., "Application of Optimal Control Method to Path Tracking Problem of Vehicle," SAE Int. J. Veh. Dyn., Stab., and NVH 3(3):209-219, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/10-03-03-0014.
Path tracking is an essential stage for vehicle safety control. It is more newsworthy than ever in the automotive context and especially for autonomous vehicle. The study proposes an optimal control method for path tracking problem in inverse vehicle handling dynamics. The proposed method generates an expected trajectory which guarantees minimum clearance to the prescribed path by identifying the optimal steering torque input. Based on this purpose, the path tracking problem, which is treated as an optimal control problem, is then solved by local collocation method and mesh refinement. Finally, a real vehicle test is executed to verify the rationality of the proposed model and methodology. The results show that using control variables as a mesh refinement function can capture the dramatic changes in state variables, and the efficiency improvement is more significant as the number of the grid points increases. The study can help drivers easily identify safe lane-keeping trajectories and area.