Impact Area and Speed Effects on Powered Two-Wheeler Crash Fatality and Injury Risk

Journal Article
09-11-02-0010
ISSN: 2327-5626, e-ISSN: 2327-5634
Published September 20, 2023 by SAE International in United States
Impact Area and Speed Effects on Powered Two-Wheeler Crash Fatality and Injury
     Risk
Sector:
Citation: Terranova, P., Guo, F., and Perez, M., "Impact Area and Speed Effects on Powered Two-Wheeler Crash Fatality and Injury Risk," SAE Int. J. Trans. Safety 11(2):105-111, 2023, https://doi.org/10.4271/09-11-02-0010.
Language: English

Abstract:

The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the fatality risk of powered two-wheeler (PTW) riders across different impact orientations while controlling for different opponent vehicle (OV) types. For the crash configurations with higher fatality rate, the secondary objective was to create an initial speed–fatality prediction model specific to the United States. Data from the NHTSA Crash Reporting Sampling System and the Fatality Analysis Reporting System from 2017 to 2020 was used to estimate the odds of the different possible vehicle combinations and orientations in PTW–OV crashes. Binary logistic regression was then used to model the speed–fatality risk relationship for the configurations with the highest fatality odds. Results showed that collisions with heavy trucks were more likely to be fatal for PTW riders than those with other OV types. Additionally, the most dangerous impact orientations were found to be those where the PTW impacted the OVs front or sides, with fatality odds, respectively, four and five times higher than when the OV rear-end was impacted. The high variability in the odds of different crash configurations suggests the importance of considering the impact orientation factor in future injury prediction models. The speed–fatality prediction models developed for head-on and side crashes could provide an initial tool to evaluate the effectiveness of advanced rider assistance systems and other safety countermeasures in the United States, particularly those that result in speed reductions.