The SAE MOBILUS platform will continue to be accessible and populated with high quality technical content during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. x
Open Access

Analysis of Metal Pick-Up Formation Process within Automotive Brake Pad

  • Journal Article
  • 05-13-01-0003
  • ISSN: 1946-3979, e-ISSN: 1946-3987
Published November 19, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Analysis of Metal Pick-Up Formation Process within Automotive Brake Pad
Citation: Noda, H. and Takei, T., "Analysis of Metal Pick-Up Formation Process within Automotive Brake Pad," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 13(1):27-43, 2020.
Language: English


  1. Satoh, M. , “Wear Dust of Brake Material for Automobile,” J. Soc. Powder Technol., Jpn. 38(10):722-730, 2001, doi:10.4164/sptj.38.722.
  2. Fukuoka, K. , “Present Prospects on Friction Materials,” The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials 24(12):1000-1006, 1985, doi:10.2320/materia1962.24.993.
  3. Okayama, K., Kishimoto, H., and Hiratsuka, K. , “Tribo-Reduction of Metal Oxides by Tribo-Degradation of Phenolic Resin in Brake Pad,” Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series C 79(803):2558-2570, 2013, doi:10.1299/kikaic.79.2558.
  4. Sakamoto, S. and Hayakawa, M. , “Report of International Standards for Automotive Brake Linings,” Journal of Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan 71(2):108-109, 2017.
  5. Nukumizu, K., Kobayashi, T., Abe, T., and Unno, M. , “Study of the Formulation Mechanism for Metal Pick-up on the Frictional Surface of a Disc Brake Pad,” SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-2541, 2008, doi:10.4271/2008-01-2541.
  6. Passarelli, U., Durando, P., and Buonfico, P. , “Phenomenological Approach to the Automotive Disc-Scoring Phenomena Related to Metal Pick Up Generation on Brake Pad Surface,” SAE Technical Paper 2009-01-3021, 2009, doi:10.4271/2009-01-3021.
  7. Chen, S. and Hoxie, S. , “Closer Look at Gray Iron Rotor Material to Understand Metal Pickup and Brake Noise Tendency,” SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-2683, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-2683.
  8. Lange, J. and Ostermeyer, G. , “The Effect of Metal Pickup to the Friction Interfaces,” SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2348, 2011, doi:10.4271/2011-01-2348.
  9. Kamada, S. and Inada, K. , “Effects of Titanates in Low Steel Formulation: Prevention of Metal Pick Up Growth,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1785, 2012, doi:10.4271/2012-01-1785.
  10. Kawamoto, M., Shintani, S., Sone, T., and Okabayashi, K. , “Wear Characteristics of Carbon Steel and 17Cr Stainless Steel in Relation to the Surface Temperature,” Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals and Materials 37(11):1236-1242, 1973, doi:10.2320/jinstmet1952.37.11_1236.
  11. Kawamoto, M., Shintani, S., and Okabayashi, K. , “Relation between Wear of Iron and Steel and Sliding Surface Temperature,” Tetsu-to-Hagane 61(15):3139-3148, 1975, doi:10.2355/tetsutohagane1955.61.15_3139.
  12. Funabiki, K., Nakamura, M., and Tsuriya, M. , “Carbonization of Phenolic Resins,” Japan Thermosetting Plastic Industry Association 2(4):220-235, 1981, doi:10.11364/networkpolymer1980.2.220.
  13. Inoue, M., Hara, Y., and Sasada, T. , “Degradation of Cured Phenolic Resin for Brake Lining Caused by Shearing Force: 1st Report, Molecular Weight Distribution of Extracts,” Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series C 56(521):222-227, 1990, doi:10.1299/kikaic.56.222.
  14. Atsumi, T., Oke, S., and Degawa, T. , “Quantitative Analysis of Iron Oxides Using Powder X-Ray Diffraction Technique,” Research Reports of Oyama National College of Technology 48:101-108, 2015.
  15. Hillier, S. , “Accurate Quantitative Analysis of Clay and Other Minerals in Sandstones by XRD: Comparison of a Rietveld and a Reference Intensity Ratio (RIR) Method and the Importance of Sample Preparation,” Clay Minerals 35:291-302, 2000.
  16. Winston Revie, R. and Uhlig, H.H. , Corrosion and Corrosion Control Fourth Edition (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008), 131-132, doi:10.1002/9780470277270.
  17. Williamson, G.K. and Hall, W.H. , “X-Ray Line Broadening from Filed Aluminum and Wolfram,” Acta Metallurgica 1(1):22-31, 1953, doi:10.1016/0001-6160(53)90006-6.
  18. Fukumoto, I., Heshiki, K., Eda, H., Kishi, K. et al. , “Study of Grindability in Spheroidized Steel,” Journal of the Japan Society of Precision Engineering 51(10):1953-1958, 1985, doi:10.2493/jjspe1933.51.1953.
  19. Inoue, T., Tamada, Y., Yamamoto, S., Nasu, S. et al. , “Reduction in SiO2-Coated Magnetite Nanoparticles,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 32(3):321-324, 2008, doi:10.3379/msjmag.32.321.
  20. The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan , Handbook of Iron and Steel New Edition (Marugen Inc., 1962), 77-80, doi:10.11501/1697293.

Cited By