Open Access

Elastomer Swell Behavior in 1-Propanol, Diisobutylene, Cyclopentanone, and a Furan Mixture Blended in E10 and a Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (BOB)

Published August 21, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Elastomer Swell Behavior in 1-Propanol, Diisobutylene, Cyclopentanone, and a Furan Mixture Blended in E10 and a Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (BOB)
Sector:
Citation: Kass, M., Janke, C., Connatser, R., and West, B., "Elastomer Swell Behavior in 1-Propanol, Diisobutylene, Cyclopentanone, and a Furan Mixture Blended in E10 and a Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (BOB)," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 12(3):167-182, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/04-12-03-0011.
Language: English

References

  1. Boyce, K. and Chapin, J.T. , “Dispensing Equipment Testing with Mid-Level Ethanol/Gasoline Test Fluid,” Summary Report Prepared by Underwriters Laboratories and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy, NREL/SR-7A20-49187, November 2010.
  2. U.S. Department of Energy, “Co-Optima:Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines, Accelerating the Path to Economic and Sustainable Fuels and Vehicles,” Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bulletin, SAND2015-2142,April 2015,http://www.energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2015/05/f22/optima_sand2015-2142m.PDF, accessed Jan. 7, 2017.
  3. McCormick, R., Fioroni, G., Fouts, L., and Christensen, E. , “Selection Criteria and Screening of Potential Biomass-Derived Streams as Fuel Blendstocks for Advanced Spark-Ignited Engines,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 10(2), 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0868.
  4. Touchet, P., Zanadis, B., Fischer, M., and Gatza, P.E. , “Materials Compatibilities Studies with Fuel/Alcohol Mixtures,” Technical Report 2366, U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Command, Fort Belvoir, VA, July1982.
  5. Karg, R.F., Hill, C., Dosch, K., and Johnson, B. , “Ultra-High CAN Polymer in Fuel System Application,” SAE Technical Paper 900196 , 1990, doi:10.4271/900196.
  6. Abu-Isa, I. , “Effects of Mixtures of Gasoline with Methanol and with Ethanol on Automotive Elastomers,” SAE Technical Paper 800786 , 1980, doi:10.4271/800786.
  7. Micallef, G. and Weimann, A. , “Elastomer Selection for Bio-Fuel Requires a System Approach,” Sealing Technology 2009:7-10, January 2009.
  8. Ertekin, A. and Sridhar, N. , “Performance of Elastomeric Materials in Gasoline-Ethanol Blends-A Review,” in Corrosion 2009 Annual Conference and Exhibition, NACE International, Atlanta, GA, 2009, Paper no. 09533.
  9. Stephens, R.D. , “Fuel and Permeation Resistance of Fluoroelastomers to Ethanol Blends,” in ACS Technical Meeting of the Rubber Division, Cincinnati, OH, October 2006.
  10. Nersasian, A. , “The Use of Toluene/Isooctane/Alcohol Blends to Simulate the Swelling Behavior of Rubbers in Gasoline/Alcohol Fuels,” SAE Technical Paper800790 , 1980, doi:10.4271/800790.
  11. Nihalani, I., Paulmer, R., and Rao, Y. , “Compatibility of Elastomeric Materials with Gasohol,” SAE Technical Paper 2004-28-0062 , 2004, doi:10.4271/2004-28-0062.
  12. Jones, B., Mead, G., Steevens, P., and Connors, C. , “The Effects of E20 on Elastomers Used in Automotive Fuel System Components,” Minnesota Center for Automotive Research, Minnesota Center for Automotive Research, Minnesota State University, Mankato, February 22, 2008.
  13. Kass, M. et al. , “Compatibility of Elastomers with Test Fuels of Gasoline Blended with Ethanol,” Sealing Technology 2012(12):7, December 2012.
  14. Durbin, T.D., Georgios, K., Norbeck, J.M., Park, C.S. et al. , “Material Compatibility Evaluation for Elastomers, Plastics and Metals Exposed to Ethanol and Butanol Blends,” Fuel 163:248-259, 2016.
  15. Koch, W.H. and Baustian, J.J. , “Isobutanol: Biofuel of the Future,” PEI Journal 4:28-34, 2012.
  16. Kass, M.D., Janke, C., Theiss, T., Baustian, J. et al. , “Compatibility Assessment of Plastic Infrastructure Materials with Test Fuels Representing E10 and iBu16,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 8(1):95-110, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0894.
  17. Kass, M.D., Janke, C., Theiss, T., Baustian, J. et al. , “Compatibility Assessment of Elastomeric Materials to Test Fuels Representing Gasoline Blends Containing Ethanol and Isobutanol,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 7(2):457-470, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1462.
  18. Kass, M.D., Theiss, T.J., Janke, C.J., Pawel, S.J., and Lewis, S.A. , “Intermediate Ethanol Blends Infrastructure Materials Compatibility Study: Elastomers, Metals, and Sealants,” ORNL/TM-2010/88,March 2011.
  19. Graham, J.L., Streibich, R.C., Myers, K.J., Minus, D.K., and Harrison, W.E. , “Swelling of Nitrile Rubber by Aromatics Blended in a Synthetic Jet Fuel,” Energy Fuels 20(2):759-765, 2006, doi:10.1021/ef050191x.
  20. Hannifin, P. ,“Volume Change in O-ring EHandbook,”https://promo.parker.com/promotionsite/oring-ehandbook/us/en/ehome/Volume-Change, accessed Jan. 7, 2017.
  21. Kass, M.D. and West, B.H. , “Compatibility of Fuel System Elastomers with Bio-Blendstock Fuel Candidates Using Hansen Solubility Analysis,” SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 10(1):138-162, 2017, doi:10.4271/2017-01-0802.
  22. ASTM D471-16a , “Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Effect of Liquids,”ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016,www.astm.org.
  23. Hansen, C. , Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User’s Handbook Second Edition (Boca Rotan, FL: CRC Press, 2017).
  24. Kass, M., Janke, C., Connatser, R., West, B. et al. , “Influence of Biodiesel Decomposition Chemistry on Elastomer Compatibility,” Fuel 233:714-723, 2018.
  25. Abbott, S. , Personal communication, May 19, 2015.

Cited By