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Optimum Response of a Nonlinear Passive Vehicle Suspension System under Random Road Excitations
- V. S. V. Satyanarayana - Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering Department, India ,
- Rakesh Chandmal Sharma - Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Mechanical Engineering Department, India ,
- B. Sateesh - Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering Department, India ,
- L. V. V. Gopala Rao - Vignan’s Institute of Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering Department, India ,
- N. Mohan Rao - Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Mechanical Engineering Department, India ,
- Srihari Palli - Aditya Institute of Technology and Management, Mechanical Engineering Department, India
ISSN: 1946-391X, e-ISSN: 1946-3928
Published July 07, 2022 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Satyanarayana, V., Sharma, R., Sateesh, B., Gopala Rao, L. et al., "Optimum Response of a Nonlinear Passive Vehicle Suspension System under Random Road Excitations," SAE Int. J. Commer. Veh. 16(1):49-60, 2023, https://doi.org/10.4271/02-16-01-0004.
The objective of the present article is to design a nonlinear passive suspension system for an automobile subjected to random road excitation which generates a performance as close to a fully active suspension system as possible. Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) control is used to synthesize an active suspension system. The control forces corresponding to the nonlinear passive suspension and the active suspension are equated, and the parameters are optimized as the performance error between the two systems is reduced. The nonlinear equations of motion are reduced to equivalent linear equations, where the system states are a function of the vehicle response statistics, by using the equivalent linearization method. The performance of the optimized nonlinear model and the linear model are compared with the performance of the LQR control active suspension system. The nonlinear model performs better than the linear system with chosen parameters. The optimized system achieves almost an equal response to the active suspension system for ride comfort and road holding over the specified velocity range. The optimum response of a passive suspension system with nonlinear suspension elements is achieved using a novel optimization method. This method provides design flexibility, and it has great engineering importance for application in the design of various vibration control devices.