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Development of a Standard Testing Method for Vehicle Cabin Air Quality Index

Journal Article
02-12-02-0012
ISSN: 1946-391X, e-ISSN: 1946-3928
Published May 20, 2019 by SAE International in United States
Development of a Standard Testing Method for Vehicle Cabin Air Quality Index
Sector:
Citation: Pham, L., Molden, N., Boyle, S., Johnson, K. et al., "Development of a Standard Testing Method for Vehicle Cabin Air Quality Index," SAE Int. J. Commer. Veh. 12(2):151-161, 2019, https://doi.org/10.4271/02-12-02-0012.
Language: English

Abstract:

Vehicle cabin air quality depends on various parameters such as number of passengers, fan speed, and vehicle speed. In addition to controlling the temperature inside the vehicle, HVAC control system has evolved to improve cabin air quality as well. However, there is no standard test method to ensure reliable and repeatable comparison among different cars. The current study defined Cabin Air Quality Index (CAQI) and proposed a test method to determine CAQI. CAQIparticles showed dependence on the choice of metrics among particle number (PN), particle surface area (PS), and particle mass (PM). CAQIparticles is less than 1 while CAQICO2 is larger than 1. The proposed test method is promising but needs further improvement for smaller coefficient of variations (COVs).