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Technical Paper (10) Journal Article (2) Professional Development (2)



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Parts and Components (14) Fatigue (3) Chassis (2) Hardening (2) Manufacturing processes (2) Optimization (2) Simulation and modeling (2) Advanced high-strength steels (1) Design processes (1) Finite element analysis (1) Gas turbines (1) Life cycle analysis (1) Metallurgy (1) Noise, Vibration, and Harshness (NVH) (1) Powder metallurgy (1) Product development (1) Quality control (1) Tests and Testing (1)


Alves, Luis M. (1) Buttles, J. (1) Causton, Robert J. (1) Chen, Andrew (1) Davala, A. (1) Dowling, Norman E. (1) Fujii, Atsushi (1) Fujimoto, Masahiro (1) Graham, J. A. (1) Groark, James (1) Howard, T. (1) Hugendubel, Hans (1) Kötzle, H. (1) Li, Tiemin (1) Martins, Paulo A. F. (1) Matsumiya, Nobuyuki (1) Mayer, A. (1) Miller, Thomas J. (1) Olberts, D. R. (1) Raghavan, K. (1) Ricardo, Luiz Carlos H. (1) Romero, A. (1) Uhlenbruch, Walter (1) Wolf, L. C. (1) Wu, Jun (1) Xu, Boqiang (1) Zhang, Shawn (1)


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Aalborg Univ. (1) Bailey Tool & Manufacturing (1) Chicago Powdered Metals Products Co. (1) Deere & Co. (1) Drever Co. (1) Hella Manufacturing Co Pty Ltd. (1) Hoeganaes Corp. (1) Robert Bosch Australia (1) Sintermetal SA (1) Technical University of Lisbon (1) Toyota Motor Corp. (1) Tsinghua Univ. (1) Virginia Tech (1) ZF Lemforder Corporation (1)


SAE World Congress & Exhibition (3) Australian Car Industry ~ Post 1992 (1) Automotive Industry~A Decade of Challenge (1) ISATA 1993 (1) JSAE Spring Conference (1) Numerical Analysis and Simulation in Vehicle Engineering (1) SAE 2000 World Congress (1) SAE Brasil 2010 Congress and Exhibit (1)

Aerospace Precision Forging Processes and Technology

  • Professional Development
  • C1347
Published 2013-08-26
The advancement of forging technologies and processes has enabled the increased use of forged products to meet the demanding requirements of strength, durability, and reliability. While forgings are commonly used in aerospace manufacturing, the ability to make use of precision forging processes and techniques is critical when manufacturing gas turbine components. Realizing the benefits of accuracy and quality that precision forging brings to product manufacturing requires those involved with design and manufacturing have an understanding of industry accepted technology and processes. This three day seminar will introduce participants to the precision forging processes and technologies currently in use in industry. The instructor will begin with an overview of the benefits of precision forging and the various manufacturing industries that currently make use of this approach. The instructor will discuss equipment, processes, and quality control requirements. Using examples derived from gas turbine engine rotor blade and vane manufacturing, the attendees will then be presented with the technical requirements to set-up precision forging and the various special processes. The instructor will also provide attendees with the information…

Aerospace Precision Forging Design and Quality Control

  • Professional Development
  • C1348
Published 2013-08-26
One of the main advantages of the precision forging process is the reduction in material consumption due to the achievement of close tolerances and the reduction of machining requirements to meet final component specifications. However, to achieve these results comes at a cost. One of the primary issues with precision forgingis the reduction in life of the tools used in the forming process. Manufacturers can mitigate some of these concerns by better understanding how tools can be designed specifically for the precision forging process and how personnel can effectively apply precision forging techniques. This two day seminar will introduce participants to tooling design practices that can be successfully applied to precision forging methods. The instructor will guide participants through critical die design requirements to optimize die life. Participants will be provided detailed information related to inspection and calibration techniques and requirements. The instructor will then provide participants the requirements of an effective quality control system, including the rigorous requirements for aerospace and medical parts manufacturing.By attending this training program you will be able to: Identify…

Injection Forging of Solid Asymmetric Branched Components

  • Technical University of Lisbon - Luis M. Alves, Paulo A. F. Martins
  • Journal Article
  • 16-227-6-898
Published 2013-06-01 by SAGE Publications in United Kingdom
Injection forging allows producing near-net or net-shape asymmetric branched components with geometries that are difficult or impossible to fabricate by means of conventional impression die forging. On the contrary to previous research work in the field that was mainly focused on proposing methodologies for shape classification, systematization of forming defects, definition of workability ranges and evaluation of the overall performance of finite element predictions against experiments, the aims and scope of this article are centered in material flow and forging load requirements that result from double-acting tool concepts with closing spring elements. The presentation includes details on the active tool parts that were utilized for producing solid branched components with different numbers of radial straight legs, on the mechanical characterization of the material and on the numerical simulation and experiments that were performed with selected test cases. Results and observations confirm that double-acting tool concept with closing spring elements is a flexible and efficient manufacturing process for producing injection forged components because it can eliminate the formability problems and defects that are commonly found in…

Force Optimization of Planar 2-DOF Parallel Manipulators With Actuation Redundancy Considering Deformation

  • Tsinghua Univ. - Jun Wu, Tiemin Li, Boqiang Xu
  • Journal Article
  • 17-227-6-1371
Published 2013-06-01 by SAGE Publications in United Kingdom
Internal force distribution is one of the most important issues for redundantly actuated parallel manipulators. This article presents a novel method for optimizing internal force to minimize the deformation of key components in a parallel manipulator. The dynamic model is first derived, and then an objective function is proposed by giving different weights on internal forces of different components based on its flexibility. The deformation of the component with big flexibility is minimized. A planar 2-DOF parallel manipulator with actuation redundancy is taken as an example to validate the force optimization method. The simulation results show that the deformation of the manipulator with the force optimization method proposed in this article is smaller than that with the traditional method to minimize the norm of driving forces. Thus, the manipulator precision can be improved.

Utilization of Finite Element Analysis to Develop Automotive Components

  • Aalborg Univ.-Luiz Carlos H. Ricardo
  • Virginia Tech-Norman E. Dowling
Published 2010-10-06 by SAE International in United States
The finite element method (FEM) is used daily in the automotive industry for such purposes as reducing the time of product development and improving the design based on analysis results, followed by later validation by tests in the laboratory and on the proving ground. This paper will present some of the methodology used to develop automotive components by finite element analysis, including procedures to specialize FEM models to obtain quantitative and qualitative results for systems such as body, chassis, and suspension components, as well as validation of the models by experimental data.

Examination of Crack Growth Behavior in Induction Hardened Material Under Torsional Fatigue

  • Toyota Motor Corp.-Masahiro Fujimoto, Atsushi Fujii, Nobuyuki Matsumiya
  • Technical Paper
  • 2010-08-0154
Published 2010-05-19 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
Induction hardening is widely used for chassis components to add compressive stress there to control crack growth, since wear resistance and fatigue fracture strength are highly required. Therefore, it is crucial that the defect influence is examined with being compressive residual stress on the parts.

Application of Advanced High Strength Steel to NVH Components

  • Bailey Tool & Manufacturing-T. Howard, K. Raghavan, J. Buttles
Published 2009-04-20 by SAE International in United States
Most applications for Dual Phase hot rolled steel have been large components like frame members that yield significant weight savings. Difficulties in secondary forming have limited the range of parts produced. One area with good potential is noise-vibration-harshness components (NVH), since such parts tend to be heavy gauge. Significant weight reduction should be possible through thinner steel without compromising design requirements, also potentially reducing cost as well. Fatigue properties of Dual Phase also match well with these applications. We have successfully produced a multi-stage deep drawn cup for an engine mount using DP590/600 from different steel sources, demonstrating this material can be used for a new group of applications.

A Practical Design Process to Optimize Fatigue Performance for Chassis Components

  • ZF Lemforder Corporation-Shawn Zhang, Andrew Chen
Published 2009-04-20 by SAE International in United States
In the chassis component design, meeting fatigue life requirements with minimum weight is one of critical tasks. Currently chassis components are optimized for minimizing the weight while meeting design requirements of stiffness and strength with topology and shape optimization. In early design phase, topology optimization is utilized to create the optimal material layout for the component within the given design space and constraints. Then shape optimization can be used to determine the final design shape with minimum weight. Recent technology advance makes automotive OEMs to shift to durability duty cycle as one of their component design specifications in order to design an efficient component. However, the duty cycle counts or fatigue life requirement can not be easily integrated with the current design optimization process. It is time consuming and involving numerous design iterations to directly consider the fatigue life requirement in the design optimization. In this paper we propose an effective optimization process to include the effect of the fatigue life requirement in shape optimization based on our current design optimization process. Our approach is to assess the Target Fatigue Life Equivalent Stress levels based on the fatigue life requirement, then defining them as design constraints in shape optimization to determine the final design shape. Thus we eliminate the fatigue calculations during the numerical iterations in shape optimization. The proposed design process is able to eliminate the “Trial and Error” approach for refining the design shape and provide design engineers with precise direction to where and how much the design changes should be made. An example is presented to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed design optimization process.

Improved Efficiency by Use of Sinter-Hardened P/M Automotive Components

  • Chicago Powdered Metals Products Co.-Thomas J. Miller
  • Drever Co.-James Groark
  • Show More
Published 2000-03-06 by SAE International in United States
No Abstract Available.

Fatigue Life Estimation of Chassis Components With Out-Of-Phase Loading

  • A. Mayer, H. Kötzle
  • Technical Paper
  • 967130
Published 1996-09-16 by Verlag Des Verein Deutscher Ingenieure GmbH in Germany
For reasons of time and cost, extensive tests for evaluating each development loop of chassis components are out of the question in the future. A relative evaluation of the component strength at each development stage is to be achieved by means of simulation. Only the most essential development steps should be verified by means of pertinent on-vehicle and rig testing.