Garrett Advancing Motion-Paul Dickinson, Jaroslav Pekar, MinSeok Ko
Hyundai Motor Group-Buomsik Shin, Yohan Chi, Minsu Kim
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by SAE International in United States
A supervisory model predictive control system is developed for the air system of diesel engine. The diesel air system is complicated, composing of many components and actuators, with significant nonlinear behavior. Furthermore, the engine usually often operates in various modes, for example to activate catalyst regeneration like LNT or DPF. Model predictive control (MPC) is based on a dynamical model of the controlled system and it features predicted actuator path optimization. MPC has been previously successfully applied to the diesel air path control problem, however, most of these applications were developed for a single operating mode (often called normal operating mode) which has only one set of high-level set point values. In reality, each engine operating mode requires a different set of set point maps in order to meet the various system requirements such as, HP-EGR modes for cold start purposes, heat-up modes for after-treatment conditioning, rich operation for catalyst purging and normal modes. Air mass and its composition requirement are heavily depending on each specific mode. This large array of mode specific set points…
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by SAE International in United States
With ever more stringent regulations related to air pollution and CO2 emissions, there is a growing trend to address this through the downsizing of automotive engines. Turbochargers are used to improve engine power by using exhaust gas energy to provide boosted air pressure for better efficiency. They are a key element in powertrains of today and in the future. During real operating conditions, the rotational speed of a turbo varies greatly making this rotating machinery run in “continuous transient” phases and produces unwanted noises as a result. Recently, we identified a new source of aero noise while developing a new type of turbocharger. Our typical in-house procedure for characterizing usual aero broad band noise source was to use the 3-microphone methodology for measuring the acoustic intensity. However, this methodology is not well adapted if the noise source is tonal, not constant over time and includes high frequency content, which is the case with the new type of turbocharger design and which could create bad noise perception in case of noise transfer into the vehicle cabin.…
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