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Human Interface Criteria for Vertical Situation Awareness Displays

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5430
  • Current
Published 2013-01-16 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) sets forth design and operational recommendations concerning the human factors/crew interface considerations and criteria for vertical situation awareness displays. This is the first of two recommended practice documents that will address vertical situation awareness displays (VSAD). This document will focus on the performance/planning types of display (e.g., the map display) and will be limited to providing recommendations concerning human factored crew interfaces and will not address architecture issues. This document focuses on two types of VSAD displays: a coplanar implementation of a profile display (side projection) and a conventional horizontal map display; and a 3D map display (geometric projection). It is intended for head down display applications. However, other formats or presentation methods, such as HUDs, HMDs and 3D audio presentations may become more feasible in the future. Even though the relationship of the vertical information and the horizontal map display will be addressed, it is not within the scope of this document to cover Raster Aeronautical Charting displays, or the presentation of vertical status information in horizontal map…
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Human Interface Criteria for Flight Deck Surface Operations Displays

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5898
  • Current
Published 2013-01-16 by SAE International in United States
Following a number of high-visibility collisions between aircraft on the airport surface, overall taxi operations have been brought under greater scrutiny. In addition, observation of taxi operations and the results of associated research programs have revealed that the efficiency of taxi operations could be significantly improved with available technologies and by applying a human centered design approach. Surface operations displays have been tested in prototype form and a number of manufacturers are moving toward product definition. This document provides guidance on the design of elements, which may be part of surface operations displays whose objectives would be to enhance safety and to improve overall efficiency of aircraft operations on the airport surface. Such efficiency increases should be realized not only in day-to-day operations, but should also be manifested in training for surface operations. This document sets forth functional and design recommendations concerning the human factors issues and criteria for flight deck display of surface operations information. It is assumed that the system will have a human centered design based on the “lessons learned” from past…
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Location of and Display Symbology Requirements for Head-Down Electronic Flight Displays for Steep IMC Approaches

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5119
  • Current
Published 2013-01-15 by SAE International in United States
The recommendations of this document apply to such aircraft as are able to perform both normal angle and steep IMC approaches, the latter being defined as those approaches having a final approach segment angle greater than 4°. Such aircraft can include both conventional and STOL fixed-wing aircraft, commercial air transport and/or utility and normal category helicopters, compound helicopters and powered lift vehicles (tiltrotors, tiltfans, tiltwings, etc.).
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Flight Crew Interface Considerations in the Flight Deck Design Process for Part 25 Aircraft

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5056
  • Current
Published 2013-01-15 by SAE International in United States
This ARP defines recommended flight crew interface design processes and methods for new flight deck designs as well as modifications to the flight crew interface of existing flight decks of transport category aircraft (Part 25), which includes commercial transport aircraft, regional and business aircraft. These processes and methods are intended to be utilized by the design engineers of manufacturers of transport category aircraft or any modifiers to the flight deck system. Modifiers include equipment suppliers, avionics manufacturers, aircraft operators, original equipment manufacturers (OEM), regulatory authorities, or anyone seeking a supplemental type certificate (STC), type certificate (TC), amended TC, field approval, or equivalent approval. The processes and methods described in this ARP address the integration of human factors/ergonomics, engineering, and flight operations in the design and/or modification of flight crew interfaces. These interfaces provide the flight crew access to the installed systems, using controls, indications and displays, in order to allow them to accomplish the tasks of aviate, navigate, communicate, and manage systems. Included in these processes and methods are considerations for flight crew training, the…
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Binoculars, Prismatic, Hand-Held (for Aeronautical Use) (7 × 50 and 6 × 42 (Wide Field))

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS8568A
  • Current
Published 2012-06-11 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers hand-held prismatic stereoscopic binoculars for aeronautical use in search, rescue, and patrol operations. (See 6.1.)
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Display Characteristics of FDI Head-Up Guidance System as Approved for the B-727 Airplane

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR4742A
  • Current
Published 2012-06-11 by SAE International in United States
The scope of this document is limited to descriptions of the display characteristics of the Flight Dynamics, Inc. (FDI) Model 1000WS Head up Guidance System (HGS) as installed on the Boeing 727 airplane and certified by the Federal Aviation Administration for use in Category III landing operations. The symbology depicted in this document is referenced to the particular pilot task(s) for which it was designed. Also included are descriptions of operational features of the particular symbol along with any associated criteria regarding symbology constraints, source data, or position error.
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Human Interface Criteria for Terrain Separation Assurance Display Technology

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP5108A
  • Current
Published 2012-06-11 by SAE International in United States
This document sets forth design and operational recommendations concerning the human factors issues and criteria for airborne terrain separation assurance systems. The visual and aural characteristics are covered for both the alerting components and terrain depiction/situation components. The display system may contain any one or a combination of these components. Although the system functionality assumed for this document exemplifies commercial aircraft implementation, the recommendations do not exclude other fixed wing aircraft types. Because of their unique operations with respect to terrain, rotorcraft will be addressed in a separate document. The assumptions about the system that guided and bounded the recommendations included: the system will have a human centered design based on the "lessons learned" from past systems; the system is not intended to replace the Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) function; the system is an on-board system that is not dependent on ground systems (except possibly navigation sensors) for operation; the system is intended to be used for terrain separation rather than navigation; there will be pilot in the loop/manual involvement in any flight path…
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HUMAN INTERFACE CRITERIA FOR COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS IN TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4153
  • Current
Published 2008-02-16 by SAE International in United States
This document sets forth design and operational recommendations concerning the human factors issues and criteria for airborne collision and avoidance systems. The visual and aural characteristics are covered for the display of traffic information as well as the escape maneuver display on conventional and electronic flight decks. System utilization philosophy and flight deck integration considerations are also presented.
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HUMAN ENGINEERING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DATA LINK SYSTEMS

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4791A
  • Current
Published 2008-02-16 by SAE International in United States
This document sets forth general, functional, procedural, and design criteria and recommendations concerning human engineering of data link systems. The recommendations are based on limited evidence from empirical and analytic studies of simulated data link communication, and on experience from operational tests and actual use of data link. However, because data are not yet available to support recommendations on all potentially critical human engineering issues these recommendations necessarily go beyond the data link research and include requirements based on related research and human factors engineering practice. It is also recognized that evolution of these recommendations will be appropriate as experience with data link accumulates and new applications are implemented. This document focuses primarily on recommendations for data link communications between an air traffic specialist and a pilot, i.e., air traffic services communications, although some recommendations address use of data link for flight information services. Unless otherwise specified within the text, all recommendations apply to both flight deck and ground-based data link systems. This document is intended as a guide for development and evaluation of data…
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AEROSPACE GLOSSARY FOR HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERS

G-10 Aerospace Behavioral Engineering Technology
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4107
  • Current
Published 2008-02-16 by SAE International in United States
This Glossary is designed to serve persons who need to know the accepted meanings, within specific contexts, of the terminology used in reports, articles, regulations, and other materials dealing with aviation safety -- with particular reference to terms specific to human factors in aviation safety. It is assumed that some users of the Glossary will be familiar with the nomenclature of aviation, but will need information on the language of human factors in engineering as they apply to aviation safety. Others (for example, engineers and psychologists) will have fairly extensive knowledge of the terminology of their own and related disciplines, but will need authoritative definitions of technical terms specific to aviation. Within the foregoing general framework, the following guidelines for the inclusion of terms to be defined have been observed:
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