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Analysis of the Rescue Activities of Injured Vehicle Occupants by Rescue Team
Published May 19, 2010 by Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan in Japan
Event: JSAE Spring Conference
Fire fighters have to carry out rescue activities of injured occupants in traffic accidents. The occupants are frequently trapped in devastated vehicle structures. However, few analysis of the relation between the vehicle structure and the rescue procedures has been done.
In this report, accident cases and associated rescue activities were statistically analyzed. As a result, the rescue time required by fire fighters was 20 minutes on average. However, 14 rescues required over 31 minutes. When there were two or more persons to be rescued, the average rescue time exceeded 30 minutes. Rescues involving heavy truck frontal impacts took twice as long as rescues involving passenger car casualties. Moreover, rescue activities in which the colliding vehicle was a heavy truck required more rescue time than passenger car accidents.