This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Waste Cooking Oil as Fuel in Diesel Engines
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published January 09, 2008 by The Automotive Research Association of India in India
Annotation ability available
Event: Fifth International SAE India Mobility Conference on Emerging Automotive Technologies Global and Indian Perspective
Household kitchens and the food industry generate millions of tons of cooked oil residue each year. Waste oils and fats can be used as renewable fuel resources as an alternative fuel for the automobiles. Conversion of waste oils and fats to bio diesel fuel has many environmental advantages over petroleum based diesel fuel. However conversion of waste oils and fats to bio fuel poses some difficulties such as the use of toxic or caustic materials and by-product disposal. Conversion to bio fuel may also decrease the economic attractiveness of using waste oils as fuels. An alternative to the use of bio diesel is the use of waste cooking oils as a fuel. Using relatively unmodified waste cooking oils or fats eliminates the problems which were associated with toxic and caustic precursor chemicals and residual bio diesel alkalinity as the oil is used without altering its chemical properties. In the present investigations, tests were carried out on a diesel engine using diesel and waste cooking oil separately to compare the engine performance and the emission analyses. It was found that the waste cooking oil has the similar combustion characteristics.
CitationCho, H., Maji, S., and Pathak, B., "Waste Cooking Oil as Fuel in Diesel Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2008-28-0013, 2008, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-28-0013.
- Auld, D. L., Bettis B. L., and Peterson C. L.., “Production and fuel characteristics of vegetable oilseed crops in the Pacific Northwest Vegetable Oil Fuels,” Proceedings of the International Conference on Plant and Vegetable Oils Fuels. St. Joseph, MI: ASAE.1982
- Beer, T., Grant, T., Brown, R., Edwards, J., Nelson, P., Watson, H., Williams, “Life-Cycle Emission Analysis of Alternative Fuels for Heavy Vehicles,” CSIRO, Australia, Dec.(2000)
- Bettis, B. L., Peterson C. L., Auld D. L., Driscoll D. J., and Peterson. E. D., “Fuel characteristics of vegetable oil from oilseed crops in the Pacific Northwest,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 74, pp. 335-39. (March/April)1982.
- Calais P. & Sims, R., “A Comparison Of Life-Cycle Emissions Of Liquid Biofuels And Liquid And Gaseous Fossil Fuels In The Transport Sector,” Proceedings of Solar 2000, Brisbane 2000.
- Choi, C. Y., Bower, G. R. and Reitz, R. D., “Effects of bio diesel fuels and multiple injections on DI diesel engines.” SAE. paper 970218, 1997.
- Geller, D. P., Goodrum J. W., and Campbell C. C.., “Rapid screening of biologically modified vegetable oils for fuel performance,” Transactions of the ASAE vol. 42(4), pp. 859-862. 1999.
- Murayama, T., Fujiwara, Y. and Noto, T., “Evaluating waste vegetable oils as a diesel fuel,” Proceedings Institution of Mech. Engineers, Part D, Journal of Automobile Engineering.(214), 2000, pp. 141-148.
- Peterson, C. L., Wagner G. L., and Auld D. L.., “Vegetable oil substitutes for diesel fuel,” Transactions of the ASAE, vol.26(2), pp. 322-327. 1983.
- Rickeard, D. J. and Thompson, N. D., “A review of the potential for bio-fuek as transportation fuels,” SAE paper 932778.1993.
- Sapaun, S. M., Masjuki H. H., and Azlan. A., “The use of palm oil as diesel fuel substitute,” Journal of Power and Energy (Part A), vol. 210, pp.47-53, 1996.
- Sims, R., “Yields, Costs and Availability of Natural Oils/Fats as Diesel Fuel Substitutes,” Report No LF2021 for the Liquid Fuels Trust Board, Wellington (NZ) 1982.