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Development and Test of Safe, High Power Lithium Ion Main Batteries for General Aviation Aircraft
ISSN: 1946-3855, e-ISSN: 1946-3901
Published November 11, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Event: Power Systems Conference
Citation: Chang, V., Gallman, J., Richardson, M., and Fenton, B., "Development and Test of Safe, High Power Lithium Ion Main Batteries for General Aviation Aircraft," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 1(1):982-999, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-2884.
Advanced chemistry batteries may help reduce weight and increase aircraft performance. Lithium Ion chemistries' high energy density enables 40% weight savings over existing baseline, Lead Acid and Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries. Baseline requirements for Lithium Ion batteries were developed by studying Cessna's aircraft product line. Nanoscale phosphate-based Lithium Ion cathodes improve safety through inert failure modes, while delivering higher power over conventional oxide-based Lithium Ion and baseline chemistries. Cells and batteries were tested under selected load, environmental, and temperature conditions using procedures adapted from RTCA DO-293 and DO-160. On-board aircraft testing verified performance compatibility. Safety tests verified inert failure mode and flight environment compatibility. Test results showed nanoscale phosphate Lithium Ion batteries are promising as a safe, high power Lithium Ion main battery in general aviation aircraft.