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Study of Thermal Characteristics and Emissions during Cold Start using an on-board Measuring Method for Modern SI Car Real World Urban Driving
- Hu Li - Energy and Resources Research Institute ,
- Gordon E Andrews - Energy and Resources Research Institute ,
- Dimitrios Savvidis - Energy and Resources Research Institute ,
- Basil Daham - Energy and Resources Research Institute ,
- Karl Ropkins - The University of Leeds ,
- Margaret Bell - The University of Leeds ,
- James Tate - The University of Leeds
ISSN: 1946-3936, e-ISSN: 1946-3944
Published April 14, 2008 by SAE International in United States
Citation: Li, H., Andrews, G., Savvidis, D., Daham, B. et al., "Study of Thermal Characteristics and Emissions during Cold Start using an on-board Measuring Method for Modern SI Car Real World Urban Driving," SAE Int. J. Engines 1(1):804-819, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4271/2008-01-1307.
Exhaust emissions were measured under real world urban driving conditions using a set of in-vehicle FTIR emission measurement system, which is able to measure 65 emission components simultaneously at a rate of 0.5 Hz. The test vehicle was a modern EURO4 emission compliant SI car equipped with temperature measurement along the exhaust pipe across the catalyst so as to match thermal characteristics to emission profiles. A free flow urban driving cycle was used for the test and four repeated journeys were conducted. The results were compared to EU emissions legislation.
The results show that the warm up of the lubricating oil needed 15 minutes. The TWC needed about 200 seconds to reach full conversion efficiency. CO, THC and NOx emissions exceeded the EURO4 exhaust emission legislation. CO2 emissions were well above the type approval value of this vehicle. Greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide and benzene as well as other hydrocarbons were predominantly emitted during cold start period before 200 seconds. The results had a reasonable repeatability for most of the emissions.