This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
Life Support Applications of TCM-FC Technology
ISSN: 0148-7191, e-ISSN: 2688-3627
Published July 09, 2001 by SAE International in United States
Annotation ability available
Thermo-chemical-mechanical (TCM) feedstock conversion (FC) systems originally developed for high temperature conversion of domestic solid feedstock or blends to useful liquid and gaseous fuels are examined for advanced life support (ALS) applications in spacecraft. Recently, exploratory investigations with these TCM-FC systems to use or sequester CO2 have led also to a focus on the production of useful chemicals and chars (activated carbon, humates, CO2 scrubbers, chelating and detoxifying agents, etc). TCM systems can process solid blends with catalysts, adsorbants, reactants, carbon dioxide, steam, air, oxygen, natural gas and liquids. This study considers applications of CCTL’s laboratory scale TCM-FCs for the conversion of the solid waste into sterile and useful gases, liquids or chars on long space missions. TCM units are extrusion systems, and are more adaptable to zero gravity than fluidized bed systems or other systems that rely on gravity. The fact that TCM systems can process solid waste in minutes whereas biochemical conversion requires weeks should be advantageous when time is important. Unfortunately the current lack of understanding of the fundamental pyrolysis processes of biomass or coal combustion or gasification/liquification is a major impediment to the design of optimum thermo-chemical systems. This paper seeks systematics in the yields of products from the pyrolysis of materials consisting mainly of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. The intent is to provide a broad base that could support many applications including ALS systems.
- A. E. S. Green - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
- J. P. Mullin - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
- G. P. Schaefer - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
- W. Zhang - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
- N. A. Chancy - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
- M. S. Sankar - Clean Combustion Technology Laboratory (CCTL), University of Florida
CitationGreen, A., Mullin, J., Schaefer, G., Zhang, W. et al., "Life Support Applications of TCM-FC Technology," SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-2347, 2001, https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-2347.
- 1997 “Standard Test Method for Volatile Matter in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke” 300 302
- ASTM E870-82 “Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Wood Fuels” 550
- Bemtgen, J.M Hein K.R.G. Minchener A.J. 1994 Cogasification of Coal/Biomass and Coal/Waste Mixtures, European Union Clean Coal Technology Programme
- Energy Information Agency (EIA) 1999
- Essenhigh, R. Suuberg E. 1987 Fundamentals of the Physical-Chemistry of Pulverized Coal Combustion The Role of Volatiles in Coal Combustion 178
- Fisher, J.W. Pisharody S. Moran M.J. Wiignarajah K. Shi Y. Chang S.G.
- Gaur, S. Reed T. 1998 Thermal Data for Natural and Synthetic Fuels M. Dekker, Inc. New York
- Green, A Engler N. 1953 “Mass Surfaces” Phys. Rev. 91 40 45
- Green A. Edwards D. 1953 “Discontinuities in the Nuclear Mass Surface” Phys. Rev. 91 46 53
- Green A. 1958 “Nuclear Sizes and the Weizsacker Mass Formula” Rev. Modern Physics 569 584
- Green, A. Riewe F. Nack M. Miller L. 1972 Meson Field Theory of Nuclei and the N-N Interaction
- Green A. 1980 Coal Burning Issues Univ. Presses of Florida Gainesville, FL 1 390
- Green A. 1981 An Alternative to Oil, Burning Coal with Gas Univ. Presses of Florida Gainesville FL 1 140
- Green, A. 1985 Relativistic Scaler-Vector Potentials for N-N and N-Nucl Interactions 144 157
- Green A. 1986
- Green A. 1988 Co-Combustion Fuel and Combustion Technology Division of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers New York, NY
- Green, A. 1989
- Green A. 1991
- Green A. Peres S. Mullin J. Xue H. 1995 “Cogasification of Domestic Fuels,” Proceedings of IJPGC Minneapolis, MN
- Green A. Zanardi M. Peres S. Mullin J. 1996a “Cogasification of Coal and Other Domestic Fuels,” Proc. 2 Int Inter. Conf. on Coal Utilization Clearwater FL 569 580
- Green A. Zanardi M. Peres S. Mullin J. 1996b “Cogasifying Biomass with other Domestic Fuels,”
- Green A. Zanardi M. Krzyszic, K. Peres S. Mullin J. 1996c “Cogasification of Solid Fuels” Proc. ASME Joint Power Generation Conf Houston TX Oct.
- Green A. Mullin J. Pearce R. 1996d “Non-Arrhenius Reaction Rates in Pyrolysis” Proc.Eastern Comb. Inst. Hilton Head SC
- Green A Peres S. Mullin J. Anderson R. 1997 “Solid Fuel Gasifiers for Gas turbines,” 97-GT ASME IGTI Conference Orlando, Florida June
- Green, A. Zanardi M Mullin J. 1997 “Phenomenological Models of Cellulose Pyrolysis” Biomass and Bioenergy 13 15 24
- Green A. Zanardi M. 1998 “Cellulose Pyrolysis and Quantum Chemistry” Int. Jour. Quantum Chemistry 66 219 227
- Green A. Mullin J. “Feedstock Blending Studies with Laboratory Indirectly Heated Gasifiers” Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 121 Oct. 1999 1 7
- Green A. Schaefer G. 1999 “Feedstock Blending in Indirectly Heated Gasifier/Liquifiers,”
- Green, A. Mullin J. Schaefer G. Zhang W. 2001a “Feedstock Blending, A Clean Coal Technology” Proc.26 th Intern Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems 191 202
- Green, A. Schaefer G. 2001b “What to Do with CO 2 ” Proc. of Turbo Expo 2001 New Orlean June
- Guanxing, C. Qizhuang, Y. Brage, C. Rosén, C. Sjöström, K. 1999 “Co-Gasification of Coal/Biomass Blends in a Pressurized Fluidized Bed Reactor,”
- Howard, J. 1981 Fundamentals of Coal Pyrolysis and Hydropyrolysis 665 Wiley N.Y.
- Karaca, F. Bolat E. “2000, Coprocessing of Turkish lignite with a cellulosic waste material,” Fuel Process Technology 64 1–3 47 55
- Klass, D. 1998 “Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals” p234 p236 Academic Press San Diego CA.
- Kurkela, E. 1996 “Recent Results and Plans Concerning Co-Gasification of Biomass and Coal- An Overview,” Proc. Biomass for Energy and the Environment, 9th EU Bioenergy Conf.. Minchener, A. 1999 Mechanical Engineering ASME New York, NY
- Mullin J. 1998 “High Temperature Pyrolysis of Selected Solid Waste” 844 852
- Nunn, T. Howard J. Longwell J. Peters W. 1985 “Product Compositions and Kinetics for Rapid Pyrolysis of Sweet Gum Hardwood” Ind. Eng. Chem. Process Des. Dev. 24 836 844
- Pan Y.G. Velo E. Roca X. Manya J. J. Puigjaner L. Fluidized-Bed Co-gasification of Residual Biomass/Poor Coal Blends for Fuel Gas Production, Fuel 79 11 Sept. 2000
- Peres S. 1997
- Peres S. Green A. 1998 “Catalytic Idirectly Heated Gasification of Bagasse”
- Green, A.E.S. 2000 “Feedstock Blending in a Continuously Fed Gasifier,” 2000
- Schaefer, G. 2000
- Solomon P.R. Serio M Suuberg, E 1992 “Coal Pyrolysis Experiments Kinetic Rates and Mechanisms” Progress Energy and Combustion Sciences 18 135 220
- Valenti, M 2000 “Trash and Burn” Mechanical Engineering, ASME, Feature Focus November