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A front-end analysis of rear-end crashes
Published May 17, 1992 by Intelligent Transportation Systems in United States
Event: Surface Transportation and the Information Age~Proceedings of the IVHS America 1992 Annual Meeting
This paper describes the application of a seven-step crash problem analysis methodology, as described in the preceding paper by Leasure, to rear-end crashes. The paper shows how modeling of rear-end crash scenarios and candidate countermeasure action has been used to analyze vehicle motion and driver actions, define and explain countermeasure action, predict effectiveness and benefits and, ultimately, guide future research. This process might be described as a ""front-end"" analysis of rear-end crashes and the prospects for preventing them through the application of advanced technology. The discussion focuses on lead-vehicle stationary crashes, the largest subclass of rear-end crashes. The principal countermeasure concept examined is a headway detection system that would detect ""threatening"" vehicles in a vehicle's forward travel path
- Donald L. Hendricks - Calspan Corp.
- John C. Allen - Battelle Memorial Institute
- Louis Tijerina - Battelle Memorial Institute
- Colin Wilson - Castle Rock Consultants
- Joseph S. Koziol, Jr. - Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
- Ronald R. Knipling - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration