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The effectiveness of available restraint systems in frontal collisions
Published June 23, 1992 by International Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine in Sweden
Event: 12th World Congress of the International Association for Accident and Traffic Medicine and 7th Nordic Congress on Traffic Medicine (1992)
The paper presents the results of twenty frontal collisions. Post mortem human subjects (PMHS), age range of 19 to 65 yrs., were used as test subjects. The subjects were seated in the driver and front passenger positions and restrained with a 3-point standard belt with or without pretensioner and/or airbag combinations. The collision velocity was 50 km/h, the vehicle was decelerated at a rate of between 10 and 18 g. The PMHS were instrumented with 3-axial accelerometers at the clivus and the 6th thoracic vertebra; shoulder belt forces were also measured. Accelerations and shoulder belt forces depended on the impact severity and restraint system type. By using the combination of the 3-point belt with airbag lower loadings and AIS-severities for the spine and thorax were observed.