Your Selections

Water
Show Only

Collections

File Formats

Content Types

Dates

Sectors

Topics

Authors

Publishers

Affiliations

Committees

Events

Magazine

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.
new

Life Cycle Assessment of a Passenger Vehicle to Analyze the Environmental Impacts Using Cradle to Grave Approach

Mahindra Research Valley-Rahul Lalwani, Saravanan N, Arunmozhi Veeraputhiran, IlavarasIi D
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2581
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Climate change is primary driver in the current discussions on CO2 reduction in the automotive industry. Current Type approval emissions tests (BS III, BS IV) covers only tailpipe emissions, however the emissions produced in upstream and downstream processes (e.g. raw material sourcing, manufacturing, transportation, vehicle usage, recycle phases) are not considered in the evaluation. The objective of this project is to assess the environmental impact of the product considering all stages of the life cycle, understand the real opportunities to reduce environmental impact across the product life cycle. As a part of environmental sustainability journey in business value chain, lifecycle assessment (LCA) technique helps to understand the environmental impact categories. To measure overall impact, a cradle to grave approach helps to assess entire life cycle impact throughout various stages. LCA is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, disposal or recycling. A study was conducted on a passenger vehicle for life cycle assessment as…
Annotation ability available
new

Development of a Novel Machine Learning Methodology for the Generation of a Gasoline Surrogate Laminar Flame Speed Database under Water Injection Engine Conditions

SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants

NAIS S.r.l., Italy-Claudio Forte
University of Bologna, Italy-Leonardo Pulga, Gian Marco Bianchi, Matteo Ricci, Giulio Cazzoli
  • Journal Article
  • 04-13-01-0001
Published 2019-11-19 by SAE International in United States
The water injection is one of the technologies assessed in the development of new internal combustion engines fulfilling new emission regulation and policy on Auxiliary Emission Strategy assessment. Besides all the positive aspects about the reduction of mixture temperature at top dead center and exhaust gases temperature at turbine inlet, it is well known that the water vapor acts as a mixture diluter, thus diminishing the reactants burning rate. A common methodology employed for the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes Computational Fluid Dynamics (RANS CFD) simulation of the reciprocating internal combustion engines’ turbulent combustion relies on the flamelet approach, which requires knowledge of the Laminar Flame Speed (LFS) and thickness. Typically, these properties are calculated by means of correlation laws, but they do not keep into account the presence of water mass fraction. A more precise methodology for the definition of both the LFS and thickness is thus required. The interrogation of a previously computed look-up table of such properties during run time seems to be a suitable and more accurate method than using correlations. In order to…
new

Battery-Free Sensor for Underwater Use

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35443
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

To investigate oceans, researchers aim to build a submerged network of interconnected sensors that sends data to the surface. Supplying constant power to scores of sensors designed to stay for long durations underwater has been a major problem.

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Assessing the Combined Outcome of Rice Husk Nano Additive and Water Injection Method on the Performance, Emission and Combustion Characters of the Low Viscous Pine Oil in a Diesel Engine

Anna University Chennai-Mebin Samuel P, Devaradjane Gobalakichenin
University College of Engineering Villupuram-Gnanamoorthi V
Published 2019-10-22 by SAE International in United States
The research work intends to assess the need and improvement by using a low viscous bio oil, RH (rice husk) nano particles and water injection method in enhancing the performance, emission and combustion characters of a diesel engine. One of the major setbacks for using biodiesel is its higher viscosity. Hence, a low viscous oil (pine oil) which does not need transesterification process was used as a biofuel in this study. Further, to improve its characteristics a non-metallic nano additive produced from rice husk was added at 3 proportions (50, 100, 200 ppm) and the optimal quantity was found as 100 ppm based on the BTE (brake thermal efficiency) value of 30.2% at peak load condition. This efficiency value was accompanied by a considerable decrease in pollutants like HC (hydrocarbon)-34.8%, Smoke-31.6%, CO (carbon monoxide)-43.7%. On the contrary, NOx (oxides of nitrogen) emission was found to be increased for all load values. At peak load, when compared with diesel, pine oil with RH has 19.3% increased NOx emission. To reduce this increased NOx emission, water was…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Wheel and Wheel Trim Weathering Testing for Paint Coatings

Wheel Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2633_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-21 by SAE International in United States
This SAE lab test procedure should be used when performing the following specialized weathering tests for wheels; Florida Exposure, QUV, Xenon and Carbon Weatherometer. In addition to these procedures, some additional post-weathering tests may be specified. Please refer to customer specifications for these requirements.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Assessment of Numerical Cold Flow Testing of Gas Turbine Combustor through an Integrated Approach Using Rapid Prototyping and Water Tunnel

Indian Institute of Technology Madras-Ssheshan Pugazhendhi
SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundararaj Senthilkumar
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the present work, it is aimed at developing an integrated approach for combustor modeling involving rapid prototyping and water tunnel testing to assess the cold flow numerical simulations; the physical model will be subjected to cold flow visualization and parametric studies and CFD analysis to demonstrate its capability for undergoing rigorous cold flow testing. A straight through annular combustors is chosen for the present study because of it has low pressure drop, less weight and used widely in modern day aviation engines.Numerical Analysis has been performed using ANSYS-FLUENT. Three dimensional RANS equations are solved using k-ɛ model for the Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.64 x 105-1.5 x 105 based on the annulus diameter. Post processing the results is done in terms of jet penetration, formation of recirculation zone, effective mixing, flow split and pressure drop for different cases. Physical combustor models are fabricated using Rapid prototyping with Poly Lactic Acid material and approximated 2D combustor model is used for capturing important flow patterns using high speed camera in 2D water tunnel, and for pressure…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Multi Response Optimization on Machining Titanium Alloy Using Taguchi-DEAR Analysis in Abrasive Water Jet Cutting

SRM Institute Of Science And Technology-Muthuramalingam Thangaraj, Akhtar Atif
Tishk International University-Ganesh Babu Loganathan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Abrasive water jet cutting has been proven to be an effective technology for processing various engineering materials. This paper investigated the effects of process parameters on depth of cut in abrasive water jet cutting of titanium alloy. Four different process parameters were undertaken for this study; water pressure, nozzle traverse speed, abrasive mass flow rate and standoff distance. The influence of these process parameters on depth of cut, surface roughness and MRR has been investigated and analyzed. An empirical model for the prediction of depth of cut in abrasive water jet cutting of cast iron has been developed using regression analysis. The approach is based on Taguchi-DEAR method to optimize the AWJM process parameter for effective machining. It has been found that the stand-off-distance has highest impact on performance measures among all process parameters.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Amelioration of Modular Mobility by Adopting Split Cell Solar Panel Cleaning and Cooling Thereof

Sri Krishna College of Engg. and Tech.-Soundararajan Ranganathan, Ajith Raja, Arunpragash Mohana Sundaram, Ashwanth Pranav Selvamani
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the photovoltaic system, the efficiency of solar cells is determined by the combination of latitude and climate. The electricity generation in the photovoltaic cell is more in the morning time than in the afternoon time. This is due to the fact that an increase in solar cell temperature leads to a decrease in efficiency of the solar panel. This work aims to provide necessary cooling to the solar panel for favorable output during noon time. Normally electrical modular vehicles use non-split cell solar panels. In order to increase the efficiency, we are using a split cell solar panel as it increases the voltage by halving the size of the silicon chips. Thus, having the cells results in increasing efficiency and lowering the operation temperature. The solar panel should be maintained at a particular temperature by adopting sprinkling of water method in solar panel for hybrid vehicles. The proposed system consists of a storage tank, radiator, temperature sensor, water sprinkle jets attached to the hybrid vehicle. When the temperature increases beyond the limit, the temperature…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Hydraulic Fluid Power Circuit Filtration - Application and Methods

CTTC C1, Hydraulic Systems
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J931_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-02 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Information Report is primarily to familiarize the designer of hydraulic powered machinery with the necessity for oil filtration in the hydraulic power circuit, the degree of system cleanliness required, types of filtration and filters available, and their location and maintenance in the hydraulic circuit.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available

Rose-Inspired Device Collects and Purifies Water

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35276
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A new device, inspired by a rose, inexpensively collects and purifies water. The device is a new approach to solar steaming for water production — a technique that uses energy from sunlight to separate salt and other impurities from water through evaporation.