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Analysis of an automotive vibration issue through bond-graphs

Ford Motor Company – MSXi-Luis Guilherme, Mariano Viana Martins
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0280
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Modal coupling phenomena are one of the most sensitive issues to the vehicle occupant perception. Commonly understood as a vibrational transfer function (VTF) problem only, those events not rarely are the root cause of noise transfer function (NTF) issues too, increasing exponentially its potential to degrade the vehicle comfort performance. As result, when not solved through computer aided engineering (CAE) tools along initial project phases, the vehicle must use expensive masses and dampers to fix, with delay, a design issue that could have be solved earlier. The use of bond graph modeling technique makes possible to segregate and evaluate only a specific part of the vehicle structure, calibrating its mass and stiffness separately. The results of this analysis allows to design a modal decoupled system faster and accurately than using a complete finite element model (FEM), in order to feedback the design conception parameters with the optimized modal responses, improving its development time and cost besides the final product quality.
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Resolution 751/18 - Implementation of WorldSID in Side Impact Protocols in Brazil

Applus IDIADA-Maria de Odriozola Martínez, Genís Mensa
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0201
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
On the 20th December 2018 DENATRAN (Departamento Nacional de Trânsito) published a new resolution that establishes future vehicle performance requirements in pole side Impacts in Brazil (Resolution 751/18). This new resolution gives the option to comply with Annex II (equivalent to UN R.135) or Annex III (equivalent to FMVSS 214). Although this will be applicable to new vehicle registrations from the 1st January 2030, it is possible to anticipate its total or partial adoption.This paper will focus on the effect of implementing UN R.135 and, specifically, on the differences found by using the WorldSID (World Side Impact Dummy) 50th Percentile Dummy instead of its predecessor (EuroSID-II) for this test.The above-mentioned side impact test will consist of a side impact test at 32 km/h against a rigid pole. The tested vehicle will be rotated 75° from the direction of impact and the only vehicle occupant will be a WorldSID dummy in the driver position.WorldSID is the latest generation side impact dummy. Unlike EuroSID-II, WorldSID has an excellent level of biofidelity, replicating human kinematics and sensitivity to…
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The influence of A-pillar obscuration/location on driver visibility

General Motors-Alex Cardoso Santos, Adalberto Gerez, Antônio Pádua, Piero Genaro, Rei Silva, Sonia Ferreira
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0062
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
During the early phase of vehicle development, one of the key design attributes to consider is visibility for the driver. Visibility is the ability to see one’s surrounding environment while they are driving. Therefore, it is one of the key requirements to be considered during the vehicle design.Certain vehicle characteristics such as the size of windshield and the design of the pillars influence the perception of visibility for the driver. One specific characteristic influencing satisfaction is A-pillar obscuration and location, which is the subject of this paper.The objective of this project is to analyze the relationship between the A-pillar obscuration/location with the driver satisfaction under real world driving conditions, based on research, statistical data analysis and dynamic clinics. Other influences, such as the position of the occupant in the seat was also studied and captured in this paper.
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Location and Call Frequency Based Emergency Dial Enabler

Priyanka Marudhavanan, Sai Nadimpalli
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2457
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Emergency calls made by in-vehicle systems in the event of a crash , serious incident or manually by a vehicle occupant assist in significantly reducing road deaths and injuries. But still there are more road accidents happen due to abnormality of driver and fatality rate tend to increase because of this. Drivers have a poor health issues, especially when they travel for long, they may get drowsiness and this leads to lack of concentration while driving and because of this concentration issue any serious issue can happen to the driver. This serious conditions can be totally unavoided. This invention provides the solution for contacting the people, who is known to victim very well. during emergency conditions. This may assist victim to get a immediate medical help.
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Load Distribution Optimization of Seatbelt Using Validated Finite Element Approach

Joyson Safety Systems-Anshul Satija, Priyanshu Mishra, Ravi Gaurav, Virender Singh
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2575
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The seat belt system is one of most important component of the safety instrument family in a vehicle. The main purpose of seat belt is to minimize the injuries by preventing the occupant from impacting hard on interior parts of the vehicle and also the passenger from being thrown-out from the vehicle in case of rollover accidents. The standard three-point belt is mounted in the vehicle at three locations namely Anchor, D-ring and Buckle. The position of anchorages is very important to distribute the impact load evenly to the occupants. Very high load in any of these locations could cause breakage of the mountings and also concentrated loading on the occupant chest of pelvis. Current study mainly focuses on the seatbelt assembly performance improvement against UNECE-R16 sled test. The sled test was carried out first using 28g peak acceleration pulse and measurement of forces at shoulder and anchor position was measured using the load cell. FE (Finite Element) model of the complete seatbelt assembly was developed including Buckle, Retractor and Anchor plate. The simulation was…
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Ride Index Structure and Development Methodology

Vehicle Dynamics Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2834_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-09 by SAE International in United States
This recommended practice defines methods for the measurement of periodic, random and transient whole-body vibration. It indicates the principal factors that combine to determine the degree to which a vibration exposure will cause discomfort. Informative appendices indicate the current state of knowledge and provide guidance on the possible effects of motion and vibration on discomfort. The frequency range considered is 0.5 Hz to 80 Hz. This recommended practice also defines the principles of preferred methods of mounting transducers for determining human exposure. This recommended practice is applicable to light passenger vehicles (e.g., passenger cars and light trucks). This recommended practice is applicable to motions transmitted to the human body as a whole through the buttocks, back and feet of a seated occupant, as well as through the hands of a driver. This recommended practice offers a method for developing a ride performance index but does not specifically describe how to apply this index to assessment or comparison of specific vehicles.
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Honda ready with new injury-reducing airbag

Automotive Engineering: October 2019

Bill Visnic
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP10_08
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

Starting next year, Honda will begin fitting vehicles with a new, advanced-design passenger-side front airbag that its engineers said is designed to mitigate brain and neck injuries by cradling the head like a baseball in a catcher's mitt. The design is particularly effective, Honda said, for angled impacts or when an occupant is not in optimal position when the crash occurs, reducing rotational acceleration of the head that can traumatize the brain.

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Factors Affecting the Severity of Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes in Tunisia

Najran University, Saudi Arabia-Mounir Belloumi
University of Sousse, Tunisia-Fedy Ouni
  • Journal Article
  • 09-07-01-0006
Published 2019-08-19 by SAE International in United States
We investigate the contribution of several variables concerning the severity of accidents involving vehicle occupant and pedestrian victims in Tunisia. In order to investigate the effect of various explanatory variables, Odds Ratio (OR) effects are considered for both serious injury accidents and fatal accidents. The empirical results are of great variety. The vehicle-occupant severity model indicates that male drivers are associated with higher severity levels as compared to female drivers. Added to that, accidents occurring in rainy conditions increase the likelihood of fatal injuries but have no significant effect on other injury severity levels. Among driver contributory factors, a driver under the influence of alcohol or drug is associated with an increased risk of sustaining fatal injuries compared to other driver contributory factors. The season factor shows that accident severity during the summer season is high. Among time of accident, daytime periods indicate a high likelihood of severe injuries as compared to nighttime periods. Another finding of the study is that the day of accident and region of accident increases the probability of severe injury.…
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Factors Affecting the Severity of Motor Vehicle Traffic Crashes in Tunisia

SAE International Journal of Transportation Safety

Najran University, Saudi Arabia-Mounir Belloumi
University of Sousse, Tunisia-Fedy Ouni
  • Journal Article
  • 09-07-02-0006
Published 2019-08-19 by SAE International in United States
We investigate the contribution of several variables concerning the severity of accidents involving vehicle occupant and pedestrian victims in Tunisia. In order to investigate the effect of various explanatory variables, Odds Ratio (OR) effects are considered for both serious injury accidents and fatal accidents. The empirical results are of great variety. The vehicle-occupant severity model indicates that male drivers are associated with higher severity levels as compared to female drivers. Added to that, accidents occurring in rainy conditions increase the likelihood of fatal injuries but have no significant effect on other injury severity levels. Among driver contributory factors, a driver under the influence of alcohol or drug is associated with an increased risk of sustaining fatal injuries compared to other driver contributory factors. The season factor shows that accident severity during the summer season is high. Among time of accident, daytime periods indicate a high likelihood of severe injuries as compared to nighttime periods. Another finding of the study is that the day of accident and region of accident increases the probability of severe injury.…
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Sound Analysis Method for Warble Noise in Electric Actuators

General Motors-Nathan T. Parker
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Multiple automotive applications exist for small electric motors that are activated by vehicle occupants for various functions such as window lifts and seat adjusters. For such a motor to be described as high quality, not only should the sound it produces be low in amplitude, but it also needs to be free from pulsations and variations that might occur during its (otherwise) steady-state operation. If a motor’s sound contains pulsations or variations between 2 and 8 cycles per second, the variation is described as warble. To establish performance targets for warble noise at both the vehicle and component level a way to measure and quantify the warble noise must be established. Building on existing sound quality metrics such as loudness and pitch variation, a method is established by which processed sound data is put through a secondary operation of Fourier analysis. Thus warble can be reduced to a single value, and in this way, noise engineers have a basis to measure and report warble, and to facilitate product development with A/B comparisons. Depending on its…
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