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Study of Handling Behavior of a Passenger Vehicle after Addition of CNG Tank

Maruti Suzuki India, Ltd.-Lakshmi Narasimha Varma Jelli, Raghav Budhiraja, Akash Goel, Deepak Bakshi, Rakesh K
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2405
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The objective of this paper is to study the change in handling behaviour of the dual-fuel vehicle fitted with a CNG tank to that of its single fuel (gasoline) counterpart. A validated CarSim model is run through steady state and transient state handling tests before and after the addition of CNG tank. The simulation results are used to compare the handling characteristics of the CNG vehicle with the reference vehicle. Further based on these results the suspension parameters are changed to find an optimum set-up for the actual CNG vehicle.
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Transient Response Analysis and Synthesis of an FSAE Vehicle using Cornering Compliance

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Nanthakumar Ajd, Pranav Suresh, Shubham Subhnil, Vasanthkumar CH
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2400
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
OBJECTIVE Race vehicles are designed to achieve higher lateral acceleration arising at cornering conditions. A focused study on the steady state handling of the car is essential for the analysis of such conditions. The transient response analysis of the car is also equally important to achieve best driver-car relationship and to quantify handling in the range suitable for a racing car. This research aims to investigate the design parameters responsible for the transient characteristics and optimize those design parameters. This research work examines the time-based analysis of the problem to truly capture the non-linear dynamics. Apart from tires, chassis can be tuned to optimize vehicle handling and hence the response times. METHODOLOGY To start with, the system is modelled with governing parameters and simulation is carried out to set baseline configurations. Steady state and transient handling simulations run independent of each other with independent logic, coded on MATLAB. The static testing of the chassis is carried over using a Kinematic & Compliance (K & C) testing rig to get Compliance Budget and hence the calculated…
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Evaluating Effects of Roll Stiffness Change at Front and Rear Axles on Vehicle Maneuverability and Stability

Maruti Suzuki India, Ltd.-Eric Pranesh Reuben, Raghav Budhiraja, Sreeraj N, Rakesh K, Amardeep Singh
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2406
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
To cater the push towards “Vehicle Light Weighting”, both sprung and unsprung mass are being reduced. This results in reduced stiffness and thus has a profound undesirable effect on the overall vehicle handling. To understand the effect of different reduction ratios of sprung to unsprung mass; it is desired to understand how changes in stiffness affect the overall vehicle handling characteristics. Therefore, the study was conducted to experiment with different values of roll stiffness, at both front and rear axles and comparing the frequency response and phase change of Yaw Gain observed through a Pulse Input test. The present work is further correlated with subjective feedback to predict the shift in vehicle balance and handling characteristics.
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Axle Torque Distribution to Improve Vehicle Handling and Stability

First Automobile Works Group Corporation Research and Develo-Aibin Wu, Chao Li, Yongqiang Zhao, Jinlong Cui
Published 2019-11-04 by SAE International in United States
The majority of the fully electric vehicles currently on the market have a basic drivetrain configuration, consisting of multiple electric motors, which promise considerable performance enhancements in terms of vehicle behavior and active safety. A significant advantage was achieving measurable benefits in terms of vehicle cornering response through controlling the individual drivetrains. This paper presents an axle torque distribution method to improve a 4WD vehicle steering performance. The method can automatically adjust the output drive torque of the front and rear motors of the vehicle to change the vehicle yaw rate before ESP intervention, and at the same time remain the driver torque demand unchanged. In this paper we present a feedback yaw rate controller. When the estimated yaw rate differs from the actual yaw rate with a pre-defined small threshold, a yaw rate control is active, the purpose of the controller is to reduce the vehicle understeer characteristic. The simulation and experimental test results shows that this proposed method can reduce the vehicle understeer characteristic and improve the vehicle handling and stability performance.
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WHAT WE'RE DRIVING

Automotive Engineering: November/December 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP11_08
Published 2019-11-01 by SAE International in United States

While I'm among the first media to have driven the mid-engine 2020 Stingray, my time in the car (during the North American Car, Truck and Utility of the Year judging) was but 45 minutes. A very invigorating 45 minutes.

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Modelling and Validation of a Control Algorithm for Yaw Stability & Body Slip Control Using PID & Fuzzy Logic Based Controllers

SITAMS-Chellappan Kavitha
VIT University-Umashankar Lath, Sanyam Kakkar, Aman Agarwal, Bragadeshwaran Ashok, Vemuluri Ramesh Babu, Sathiaseelan Denis Ashok
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) are becoming an essential part of the modern commercial automobile industry. Vehicle handling and stability are determined by the yaw rate and body slip of the vehicle. This paper is a comparative study of a nonlinear vehicle stability control algorithms for steering control based on two different controllers i.e. fuzzy logic based controller and PID controller. A full vehicle 14DOF model was made in Simulink to simulate an actual vehicle. The control algorithms are based on a two-track 7-DOF model with a non-linear tire model based on Pacejka “Magic tire formula”, which was used to establish the desired response of a full vehicle 14DOF model. It was found that the fuzzy logic-based control algorithm demonstrated an overall superior performance characteristic than a PID based control algorithm; this includes a significant decrease in time lag and overshoot. The proposed control algorithms were validated through the co-simulation of Carsim and Simulink in real time.
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Considerations for Suspension Modification

Motor Vehicle Council
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2492_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-09 by SAE International in United States
The scope of this document is limited specifically to the following types of passenger vehicles: automobiles, light trucks, and sport/utility vehicles. This document addresses modifications as they apply to legal use of the vehicle, and examines suspension modification as it applies to stock (as manufactured) ride height, and changed (raised or lowered) ride height. Note that modifications of ride height are considered, exclusive of wheel and/or tire modifications, which can also have potentially serious side effects, and are outside the scope of this document.
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WHAT WE'RE DRIVING

Automotive Engineering: October 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP10_07
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

What first impresses about the GT is how easy it is to drive. Ingress is a little tricky over the wide sill, but once situated in the comfy driver's seat you use a strap to position the foot controls to your liking in a very cramped pedal box, and you have a few degrees of seatback angle to play with.

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A Dictionary of Terms for the Dynamics and Handling of Single Track Vehicles (Motorcycles, Scooters, Mopeds, and Bicycles)

Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1451_201909
  • Current
Published 2019-09-24 by SAE International in United States
Terminology within this document is limited to the dynamics and handling characteristics of single track, two-wheeled vehicles.
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Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics

  • Professional Development
  • PD731620
Published 2019-05-31

Vehicle design always involves conflicting goals. A suspension system that’s optimized for ride is not always the best for handling. The powertrain that gives best acceleration is not likely to be the most fuel-efficient.