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Transient Response Analysis and Synthesis of an FSAE Vehicle using Cornering Compliance

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Nanthakumar Ajd, Pranav Suresh, Shubham Subhnil, Vasanthkumar CH
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2400
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
OBJECTIVE Race vehicles are designed to achieve higher lateral acceleration arising at cornering conditions. A focused study on the steady state handling of the car is essential for the analysis of such conditions. The transient response analysis of the car is also equally important to achieve best driver-car relationship and to quantify handling in the range suitable for a racing car. This research aims to investigate the design parameters responsible for the transient characteristics and optimize those design parameters. This research work examines the time-based analysis of the problem to truly capture the non-linear dynamics. Apart from tires, chassis can be tuned to optimize vehicle handling and hence the response times. METHODOLOGY To start with, the system is modelled with governing parameters and simulation is carried out to set baseline configurations. Steady state and transient handling simulations run independent of each other with independent logic, coded on MATLAB. The static testing of the chassis is carried over using a Kinematic & Compliance (K & C) testing rig to get Compliance Budget and hence the calculated…
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Modelling and Validation of a Control Algorithm for Yaw Stability & Body Slip Control Using PID & Fuzzy Logic Based Controllers

SITAMS-Chellappan Kavitha
VIT University-Umashankar Lath, Sanyam Kakkar, Aman Agarwal, Bragadeshwaran Ashok, Vemuluri Ramesh Babu, Sathiaseelan Denis Ashok
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) are becoming an essential part of the modern commercial automobile industry. Vehicle handling and stability are determined by the yaw rate and body slip of the vehicle. This paper is a comparative study of a nonlinear vehicle stability control algorithms for steering control based on two different controllers i.e. fuzzy logic based controller and PID controller. A full vehicle 14DOF model was made in Simulink to simulate an actual vehicle. The control algorithms are based on a two-track 7-DOF model with a non-linear tire model based on Pacejka “Magic tire formula”, which was used to establish the desired response of a full vehicle 14DOF model. It was found that the fuzzy logic-based control algorithm demonstrated an overall superior performance characteristic than a PID based control algorithm; this includes a significant decrease in time lag and overshoot. The proposed control algorithms were validated through the co-simulation of Carsim and Simulink in real time.
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WHAT WE'RE DRIVING

Automotive Engineering: October 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP10_07
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States

What first impresses about the GT is how easy it is to drive. Ingress is a little tricky over the wide sill, but once situated in the comfy driver's seat you use a strap to position the foot controls to your liking in a very cramped pedal box, and you have a few degrees of seatback angle to play with.

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A Dictionary of Terms for the Dynamics and Handling of Single Track Vehicles (Motorcycles, Scooters, Mopeds, and Bicycles)

Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1451_201909
  • Current
Published 2019-09-24 by SAE International in United States
This dictionary of terms was prepared for use by those with a need to describe and understand the dynamics and handling of two-wheeled, single track vehicles. It is intended to span the gap between vehicle dynamics specialists and those with a more general interest. This report is pertinent to such areas as vehicle design and development, the description of two-wheeler properties, rider training and education, and the preparation of standards and regulations. This report was prepared by the SAE Motorcycle Committee, which solicits suggestions for improvements and additions to be considered in future revisions. Comments should be directed to SAE Headquarters.
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Application of Optimal Control Method to Path Tracking Problem of Vehicle

SAE International Journal of Vehicle Dynamics, Stability, and NVH

Weifang University, China-Yingjie Liu, Dawei Cui
  • Journal Article
  • 10-03-03-0014
Published 2019-08-26 by SAE International in United States
Path tracking is an essential stage for vehicle safety control. It is more newsworthy than ever in the automotive context and especially for autonomous vehicle. The study proposes an optimal control method for path tracking problem in inverse vehicle handling dynamics. The proposed method generates an expected trajectory which guarantees minimum clearance to the prescribed path by identifying the optimal steering torque input. Based on this purpose, the path tracking problem, which is treated as an optimal control problem, is then solved by local collocation method and mesh refinement. Finally, a real vehicle test is executed to verify the rationality of the proposed model and methodology. The results show that using control variables as a mesh refinement function can capture the dramatic changes in state variables, and the efficiency improvement is more significant as the number of the grid points increases. The study can help drivers easily identify safe lane-keeping trajectories and area.
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Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics

  • Professional Development
  • PD731620
Published 2019-05-31

Vehicle design always involves conflicting goals. A suspension system that’s optimized for ride is not always the best for handling. The powertrain that gives best acceleration is not likely to be the most fuel-efficient.

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Snowmobile Lane Change Dynamics with One and Two Occupants

30 Forensic Engineering-Mark Paquette, Harrison Griffiths
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
As with other motor vehicles, snowmobile operators are occasionally presented with potential hazards that require a response to avoid an impending collision. The typical responses involve either braking, steering, or a combination of both. Although the braking deceleration capabilities of snowmobiles have been documented in several published studies, there is a lack of available data regarding the swerving capability of snowmobiles. In addition, it is unknown if the presence of a passenger on a snowmobile negatively affects its swerving capabilities, and if so, to what extent. This paper presents data gathered during swerve testing conducted on an instrumented snowmobile in northern Ontario with two different operators, and with one and two occupants.
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Estimation of Side Slip Angle Interacting Multiple Bicycle Models Approach for Vehicle Stability Control

Andong National University-Bongchoon Jang
Chassis R&D-Youngjin Hyun
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
This paper presents an Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) based side slip angle estimation method to estimate side slip angle under various road conditions for vehicle stability control. Knowledge of the side slip angle is essential enhancing vehicle handling and stability. For the estimation of the side slip angles in previous researches, prior knowledge of tire parameters and road conditions have been employed, and sometimes additional sensors have been needed. These prior knowledge and additional sensors, however, necessitates many efforts and make an application of the estimation algorithm difficult. In this paper, side slip angle has been estimated using on-board vehicle sensors such as yaw rate and lateral acceleration sensors. The proposed estimation algorithm integrates the estimates from multiple Kalman filters based on the multiple models with different parameter set. The IMM approach enables a side slip angle estimation from originally equipped vehicle sensors without prior knowledge of tire and road. The proposed estimation algorithm is evaluated via vehicle tests in electronic control unit level. The results have shown that the proposed estimator can successfully estimate…
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Experimental Analysis of Suspension Kinematics and Compliance Characteristics of Sensitivities and Combined Load Cases with the Suspension Motion Simulator

Auto Mobil Forschung Dresden GmbH-Axel Gerhard
Dresden University of Technology-Chao Liu, Clemens Deubel, Junyu Zhou, Jan Kubenz, Günther Prokop
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The vehicle handling dynamics stands in the central place of the automotive developing processes. The accurately parameterized vehicle handling models play an important and useful role at different vehicle developing phases. At the early phase of vehicle development, they can be used to set the desired target by comparing the handling characteristics of competitors' vehicles. For the further developments of active systems, the right parameterized models are the basis to design the control systems in a virtual simulative environment. Therefore, there are the strong needs to develop a systematic methodology to parametrize the vehicle handling models, whose qualities should also be assured by the validation of field tests.The kinematics and compliance (KnC) behavior of the suspension is in the focus of this study. Compared with parameterization methods of other chassis subsystems, sensitivity analyses of suspension KnC testing conditions were very few in literatures published. With the help of the Suspension Motion Simulator (SMS) from MTS Systems Corporation, different factors of testing conditions (such as testing speeds, tire pressures, damper temperatures etc.) have been researched as…
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Measuring the Displacement of a Vehicle Body with an Optical Measuring System (Motion Capture)

Hyundai Motor Company-Jung Woo Hur, Joong Jei Ahn, Joo Tae Oh
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The 3D measurement of a body displacement on a moving vehicle is a quite challenging process. Well-known displacement measuring device such as a dial gauge and strain gauge can measure the displacement in only limited areas. An accelerometer also can estimate body motion but it has an accumulated error and a bias issue for an acquisition of displacements. However, an optical measuring (Motion Capture) method which uses markers and multiple cameras can read 3D coordinates directly and carry out those measurements well.In this paper, first, we determined how to extract a body displacement from global motion. Then we suggested a combining measurement methodology which uses a motion capture and an accelerometer simultaneously. Though it has failed to compensate each result and exact displacement, we showed an accuracy comparison between a motion capture and an accelerometer to measure a displacement along this process.Next we verified the measuring error of the motion capture and considered data smoothing techniques, the low pass filter and the weighted moving average, to improve the accuracy. Finally we applied the motion capture…
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