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Wiring Harness Optimization towards Wireless Vehicle

Eicher Motors Limited-Nikhil Baluja
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2530
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Paper Title - Wiring Harness Optimization towards Wireless vehicle Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective (maximum 100 words)  In current scenario, wiring harness plays a vital role in inter-connecting electrical & electronic components fitted all across the vehicle.  As per cable standard, DIN 72551 or ISO 6722, copper conductors being used in stranded wires against cable cross-section & corresponding weight.  While going complete wire-less requires each component to have its own battery, ground, transmitter & receiver which indeed is a very costly affair to be employed in vehicle as huge development cost is required.  Here I'm suggesting an innovative method to make a vehicle apparently Wire-Less by creating local clusters connected to each other via conventional wiring harness & wire-less module.  Such method will apparently give a look of Wire-less vehicle itself & better advantages in terms of installation, service, troubleshooting, uptime & customer delight.  Moreover, direct benefits of Cost, Weight, FE will also be achieved. Methodology (maximum 150 words) # To start with this technology, I've divided it in different…
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Smart 24 V Battery Switch for a Reliable Redundant Power Supply in Commercial, Construction, and Agriculture Vehicles (CAV)

Infineon Technologies AG-Vincent Usseglio, Andre Mourrier
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
For highly automated driving, commercial vehicles require an Electric/Electronic (E/E) architecture, which - in addition to sensor fusion - ensures safety-critical processes such as steering and braking at all times. Among other things, a redundant 24 V supply with corresponding disconnection is required. The battery switch is a key component. Commercial, construction, and agricultural vehicles (CAV) need to operate at the highest possible availability and the lowest possible cost of ownership. This is why automated and autonomous driving has the potential to revolutionize the CAV sector. Driverless machines can be operated around the clock and almost non-stop. Platooning allows automated, interconnected trucks to drive in a convoy and very close to each other. Platooning saves fuel. The North American Council for Freight Efficiency has calculated the following:In a scenario with two virtually connected trucks, the fuel consumption of the front vehicle is reduced by 4.5%, and by 10% in the rear vehicle, due to reduced aerodynamic drag on all of the vehicles.In a scenario with three connected trucks, platooning even leads to an average savings…
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Simulation Analysis of Single-Phase Matrix Converter for Cycloconverter Operation Using SPWM with Under and Over Modulation Technique

SRM Institute Of Science And Technology-Kalaiarasi Nallathambi, Anitha Daniel, Uthra Rangarajan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
This paper discusses the implementation of ac-ac converter using a matrix converter. A MATLAB Simulink model of single-phase matrix converter has been developed for matrix converter with a step up and step down of input frequency. Selection of power switches differentiates the conventional cycloconverter from that of matrix converter based cycloconverter. Conventional cycloconverters requires thyristors whereas matrix converter based cycloconverter requires IGBT which is formed as a bidirectional switch module. The performance of matrix converter based cycloconverter using Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation Technique (SPWM) has been analyzed for resistive and inductive loads at varying frequency. This paper presents the output results for various frequencies such as 12.5 Hz, 25 Hz (step-down operation) and 100 Hz (step-up operation).
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Modulation Strategy for Minimization of Leakage Current in Grid-Connected PV Panels

SRM Institute Of Science And Technology-Anitha Daniel, Uthra Rangarajan, Kalaiarasi Nallathambi
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
This paper presents a switching strategy for the cascaded multilevel H bridge inverter of five levels to reduce the leakage current in the grid-connected transformerless PV system. Minimization of the leakage current in solar panels is vital in transformerless grid-connected PV panels. But due to the absence of transformers which provide galvanic isolation, CMV techniques are applied to reduce leakage currents from PV panel to ground. This current causes hazards to humans and large currents above 300mA may lead to fire hazards. The proposed switching strategy reduces the continuous transients at switches, hence avoiding high frequency switching. This switching technique requires only a single modified carrier wave for all 2m+1 levels of operation. The sinusoidal carrier waveform is modified as a humped sinusoidal waveform with to reduce switching losses. In this paper, the switching strategy with the modified sinusoidal carrier has been incorporated to PV fed five level multilevel inverters connected to the grid and its effectiveness has been validated.
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Tests for Snowmobile Switching Devices and Components

Snowmobile Technical Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J68_201910
  • Current
Published 2019-10-07 by SAE International in United States

This SAE Recommended Practice covers standardized basic tests, test methods, and requirements applicable to electromechanical switching devices which may be used on snowmobiles as defined in SAE J33.

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How to Use Rotary Encoders to Quickly Convert Mechanical Rotation into Digital Signals

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35291
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In the digital age, the measurement of rotation of a mechanical shaft on a motor or a rotating instrument knob needs to be done quickly and efficiently. Analog methods such as potentiometers and rotating switches are being replaced by rotary encoders that directly digitize rotary movement, but designers need to be able to appreciate the differences among various encoder types and accurately interpret their digital outputs.

3D-Printed Polymer-Based Foam Structure Responds to Shock Waves

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35147
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A 3D-printed polymer-based foam structure was developed that responds to the force of a shock wave to act as a oneway switch, a long sought-after goal in shock research. The material configuration has the potential to be scaled up in order to be used in different ways for a variety of applications including for the protection of structures.

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Guarding of Starter System Energization

OPTC1, Personnel Protection (General)
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1493_201908
  • Current
Published 2019-08-08 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Standard describes guarding to help prevent hazardous machine movement caused by activation of the starter motor by bypassing the starter control system. This document is applicable to off-road, self-propelled work machines, as identified in SAE J1116, and agricultural tractors, as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390, which have the potential for hazardous machine movement as a result of bypassing the starter control system and powering of the starter motor.
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Communication Transceivers Qualification Requirements - LIN

Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2962/1_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-18 by SAE International in United States
This document covers the requirements for transceiver qualification. Requirements stated in this document will provide a minimum standard level of performance for the LIN transceiver block in the IC to which all compatible transceivers shall be designed. No other features in the IC are tested or qualified as part of this recommended practice. This will assure robust serial data communication among all connected devices regardless of supplier. The goal of SAE J2962-1 is to commonize approval processes of LIN transceivers across OEMs. The intended audience includes, but is not limited to, LIN transceiver suppliers, component release engineers, and vehicle system engineers.
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Integrated Silicon Photonic Switch Demonstrates Lowest Signal Loss Ever in High-Speed Data Transmission

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34770
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Experimental photonic switches developed at UC Berkeley have shown promise toward the goal of fully optical, high-capacity switching for future high-speed data transmission networks. The switch developed and tested for this research demonstrated capabilities not seen before in photonic switches. Key to this success, is the scale-up of a 240 × 240 integrated silicon photonic switch. The device is so-named because it accepts 240 optical communication input channels and sends them into 240 output channels.