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Spring and damper tuning of an ATV to reducing transmissibility

ARAI Academy-Rajat Girish Kanade, Mohammad Rafiq Agrewale, Kamalkishore Vora
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2401
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The application in vehicle ride and handling has been mostly subjective or intuitive. There are several methods to improve vehicle stability and handling. One of the methods is suspension tuning. The objective of this work is to perform dynamical analysis of suspension by spring and damper tuning to reduce transmissibility for an all-terrain vehicle. A baseline spring rate data is used for tuning to provide better ride. The Fox air shock absorbers with progressive damping are used for testing. First the dynamics simulation is carried out by using ADAMS CAR tool. A detailed characteristic of the air shocks is obtained at various loading conditions by experimentation using test rig. Based on it, the simulation has been carried out for desired tuning parameters of spring and damper to improve stability. The speculated optimum setting is validated on an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) using ultrasonic sensors and accelerometers, by varying vehicle speed and bump heights to evaluate the transmissibility of the suspension. The acquired data shows behaviour of the suspension and the influence of the main parameters in…
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Investigation of Transmissibility of an all-terrain vehicle with spring and damper tuning.

ARAI Academy-Rajat Girish Kanade, Mohammad Rafiq Agrewale, Kamalkishore Vora
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2423
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The application in ride and handling development has been mostly subjective or intuitive. Suspension settings are based on the opinions of experts. The product of this research will enable to quantify the performance of a suspension in terms of its ability to minimize the transmission of road irregularities to the chassis and achieve good mechanical grip with the road surface. This work presents a dynamical analysis of the transmissibility of an off-road vehicle suspension, developed in VIT Vellore for Baja SAE India competition. A baseline spring rates curve for ride is developed to provide a solid foundation to tune from. The shock absorbers used for testing are Fox Float Evol R air shock absorbers with progressive damping. A thorough data acquisition of the force curves for shocks from a test rig is done. A detailed characteristic of the air shocks is obtained at various loading conditions. The basic damping curve is modified towards the desired ideal nature with the data obtained. The speculated optimum setting is validated on the ATV vehicle with ultrasonic sensors and…
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Design Analysis and Simulations of Components of an All-Terrain Vehicle

BITS Pilani-Pranjal Shukla, Konark Joshi, Utkarsh Rastogi, Ajith Reddy Moola
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
A single seater All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) is conceptualized in this paper which covers the extent of designing and simulations ranging from static structural, fatigue analysis, explicit dynamics etc. Solidworks and Ansys Workbench have been used as the tools for the simulation. Our aim was to design and fabricate a vehicle which is light weight (<200Kgs), easily maneuverable in harsh driving conditions and also scores high in affordability and maintenance.This report also contains the design consideration of the chassis, steering, suspension, braking, powertrain. Simulation results of components like hubs, knuckles, A-Arms, chassis are done with special focus on modelling based on real time forces and behaviors. MATLAB Simulink models are used and explained for the suspension model.The vehicle was fabricated in-house using various fabrication methods of TIG Welding, Vertical CNC machines etc. The strength tests for the specimens of welding were checked for the safety of the chassis. The vehicle was tested on tracks for braking, steering and acceleration and further modifications were made in the design to incorporate the iterations.
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Maintenance of Design Voltage - Snowmobile Electrical Systems

Snowmobile Technical Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J277_201909
  • Current
Published 2019-09-25 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice provides test methods and requirements for maintenance of design voltage in snowmobile electrical systems. It pertains to both battery-equipped and battery-less systems.
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Snowmobile Passenger Handgrips

Snowmobile Technical Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1062_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-24 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to give information to engineers and designers in order that access to a passenger handgrip, when used, is easily obtained, and that such handgrips offer maximum safety for a person at least as large as a 95th percentile adult male during snowmobile operation.
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Message Sets for Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS)

V2X Core Technical Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2354_201906
  • Current
Published 2019-06-11 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Standard describes standardized medium-independent messages needed by information service providers for Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS). The messages contained herein address all stages of travel (informational, pre-trip and en route), all types of travelers (drivers, passengers, personal devices, computers, other servers), all categories of information, and all platforms for delivery of information (in-vehicle, portable devices, kiosks, etc.).
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Dynamics of Amphibious All-Terrain Vehicle’s Chassis Having Vibration Energy Harvesting Dampers

Mega Automation, Inc.-Dmytriy Gurevych
Nermar, Ltd.-George Nerubenko
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The rural off-road exploiting of amphibious all-terrain vehicles leads to the intensive vibrations of all parts of a vehicle, and specifically of its chassis. The tested amphibian vehicle’s chassis has the lowest natural frequency of 19.34 Hz. The Vibration Energy Harvesting Damper (VEHD) is used for mitigation of chassis vibrations. VEHD provides the mutually interconnected results: a reduction of undesired vibration levels and a generating of the additional electrical power. Newly patented VEHD consists of two main components: Tuned Mass Damper and Generator of Electricity. The perspective feature of proposed VEHD is the ability of effective vibration damping in a broad range of frequencies due to implementation of a control device, while that device is keeping automatically the changing natural frequency of VEHD equals to current frequency of the external force. The mathematical simulation analysis based on parameters of the amphibious all-terrain vehicle chassis is developed. The experiments arranged on recently designed amphibious all-terrain vehicle illustrate the compliance with theoretical predictions, and efficiency of proposed VEHD operating mainly in low frequency interval. An analysis of…
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HYDROGEN BOOM!

SAE Truck & Off-Highway Engineering: June 2019

Ryan Gehm
  • Magazine Article
  • 19TOFHP06_05
Published 2019-06-01 by SAE International in United States

Nikola reveals Two and Tre fuel-cell trucks and its H2 fueling roadmap, as well as battery-electric military and powersports vehicles.

On-highway Class 6-8 trucks are Nikola's main business and engineering focus, but the Arizona-based startup is expanding its product range to include powersports and military sectors to demonstrate its technology's adaptability. In addition to the Nikola Two and Tre hydrogen fuel-cell trucks for North America and Europe, respectively, the manufacturer revealed a battery-electric all-terrain vehicle, an autonomous-capable military vehicle and a personal-watercraft concept to about 2,000 attendees of the Nikola World opening event in Scottsdale, Ariz., near the company's Phoenix headquarters.

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Snowmobile Lane Change Dynamics with One and Two Occupants

30 Forensic Engineering-Mark Paquette, Harrison Griffiths
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
As with other motor vehicles, snowmobile operators are occasionally presented with potential hazards that require a response to avoid an impending collision. The typical responses involve either braking, steering, or a combination of both. Although the braking deceleration capabilities of snowmobiles have been documented in several published studies, there is a lack of available data regarding the swerving capability of snowmobiles. In addition, it is unknown if the presence of a passenger on a snowmobile negatively affects its swerving capabilities, and if so, to what extent. This paper presents data gathered during swerve testing conducted on an instrumented snowmobile in northern Ontario with two different operators, and with one and two occupants.
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Snowmobile Brake Control Systems

Snowmobile Technical Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1282_201902
  • Current
Published 2019-02-27 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended to provide the minimum acceptable criteria for snowmobile hand brake control systems. This recommendation is not intended to cover competition vehicles, nor is it intended to limit development of new and/or improved technology in controls. Although these recommendations are primarily addressed to hand control systems using an outer flexible conduit with a multiple strand inner cable or hydraulic type brake control system, the basic requirements of freedom of movement, strength, material, etc., will apply to any system.
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