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Development of low cost life saving system for Automotive vehicles during Road Accidents.

Tata Technologies, Ltd.-Sachin Madhukarrao Pajgade, Aashish Bhargava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2460
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
According to research study 45% of death cause due to not getting help on time to the injured person. Research has proven that if injured person is not found any option of help then they also loose the power to fight such critical situation due to psychological effect. When vehicle met accident, people are not getting on time support, this delay is the major cause of death in developing nations. Presently there is no any robust system available in market for passenger & commercial vehicles which helps to provide on time help to the injured persons & saves human life. In current situation low cost life saving device is need of our society. This paper deals with the design & development of the low cost-life saving device. This paper also comprises the scenario when any vehicle meet an accidents within certain speed limit then how the intelligent life saving device will work & save the life's. Further it explains the type of life saving device design, logical programming and system packaging. The system has been…
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Inside VW's expanding SILICON VALLEY LAB

Automotive Engineering: September 2019

Bradley Berman
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP09_04
Published 2019-09-01 by SAE International in United States

The pioneering California innovation hub enters its third decade on a new wave of innovation.

On July 1, Volkswagen renamed its Silicon Valley outpost. The former Electronics Research Lab (ERL) based in Belmont, Calif., is now the Innovation and Engineering Center California (IECC). In its 20-year history, the list of the center's achievements includes winning the 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, the first use of Google Earth and predictive models in vehicle navigation and approximately 175 patents related mostly to autonomous driving and connected mobility. The engineers and social scientists in Belmont are in the business of cracking tough nuts - but none as hard as the entrenched mindset of auto-industry veterans resistant to change.

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U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34636
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In October 1962, the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Unit was established with a goal of providing specialized medical and physiological support to help close the gap between Army combat aviation needs and human capabilities, and to protect aviators from altitude, climate, noise, acceleration, impact, and other stressors in a growing hostile environment. In 1969, the Army re-designated the unit as the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory (USAARL).

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Experimental Setup Enabling Self-Confrontation Interviews for Modelling Naturalistic Driving Behavior

Aptiv Services Poland S.A.-Dariusz Cieslar, Dominik Sasin, Grzegorz Wyszynski
IBM Research - Haifa-Lior Limonad, Valentin Dashinsky
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
Behavioral models of traffic actors have a potential of unlocking sophisticated safety features and mitigating several challenges of urban automated driving. Intuitively, volunteers driving on routes of daily commuting in their private vehicles are the preferred source of information to be captured by data collection system. Such dataset can then serve as a basis for identifying efficient methods of context representation and parameterization of behavioral models. This paper describes the experimental setup supporting the development of driver behavioral models within the SIMUSAFE project. In particular, the paper presents an IoT data acquisition and analysis infrastructure supporting self-confrontation interviews with drivers. The proposed retrofit system was installed in private vehicles of volunteers in two European cities. Wherever possible, the setup used open source software and electronic components available on consumer market. Collected data about traffic context and driver behavior were automatically uploaded to cloud storage for immediate analysis by traffic psychologists and support of self-confrontation interviews. The timely availability of data for analysis and a very limited impact of the system on driver behavior are the…
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Fuel Versus Oxygen: Evaluations and Considerations

A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR5648A
  • Current
Published 2018-10-18 by SAE International in United States
Specific federal aviation regulations (Titled 14 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations, or 14 CFR) define oxygen system requirements for an in-flight decompression incident. This AIR addresses the operational oxygen system requirements for a decompression incident that may occur at any point during a long-range flight, with an emphasis for a decompression at the equal time point (ETP). This AIR identifies fuel and oxygen management contingencies, and presents possible solutions for the efficient, safe, and optimum fuel/oxygen flight continuation. Oxygen management is a concern to all aircraft, such as single engine types that fly above 10 000 feet and use supplemental oxygen. This document provides a method which can help guide users in developing an oxygen solution for their aircraft.
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Construction of a Multiple Driving Affective Scale

ADVICS Co. Ltd.-Masanori Matsuoka, Yukio Nishizawa
Equos Research Co. Ltd.-Toshihiro Shiimado
Published 2018-10-05 by SAE International in United States
The authors’ goal is to develop brakes that are more satisfying to users in sensory aspects by explaining the relationship between people’s state of mind and a vehicle’s physical quantities. However, there are no scales to measure such feeling. In this study, a psychological scale was constructed to measure the affective state of general automobile drivers, for the purpose of clarifying the effects of brake characteristics on the affective state. To construct the affective scale, two experiments were conducted. In the first experiment, a comparison of four types of vehicles was performed and then an interview survey was conducted to collect a broad sample of terms used to evaluate the affective state. From the results, it was hypothesized that the evaluation terms were divided into eight categories. For each hypothesized category, ten evaluation terms were selected from the terms obtained in the interviews, the items of the existing psychological evaluation scale, and the synonym survey results of them. In the second experiment, we evaluated terms we selected to conduct an assessment of 15 types of…
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Emotional Intelligence for the Engineer

  • Professional Development
  • C1858
Published 2018-07-02
Are you educated and trained as an engineer, but looking to develop your interpersonal and management skills? To be successful and considered for future opportunities in your company, you should possess interpersonal and intrapersonal competencies to communicate well with others. Do you want to relate better to your managers and staff and develop better working relationships with your peers and colleagues? This seminar is intended to introduce skills and techniques on emotional intelligence to engineers at all levels of the organization. It will help you to comfortably and confidently communicate with others, fostering win-win relationships. Areas of special concentration include: self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and social skills.By attending this seminar, you will be able to: Communicate more effectively with internal and external stakeholders through verbal, written, and electronic formatsDemonstrate interpersonal and intrapersonal skills which help to develop relationships with the broad and diverse personnel encountered in the work placeExecute a heightened awareness, perspective, attitude, and motivational techniques with peers and colleaguesIdentify your personality profile through a D.I.S.C analysis which will lead to a reduction in…

Mobile Health Platform

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-29059
Published 2018-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A mobile health technology was developed to monitor and predict a user’s psychological status, and to deliver an automated intervention when needed. The technology uses smart-phones to monitor the user’s location and ask questions about psychological status throughout the day.

Tiny Injectable Sensor Could Provide Unobtrusive, Long-Term Alcohol Monitoring

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-29010
Published 2018-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a miniature, ultra-low power injectable biosensor that could be used for continuous, long-term alcohol monitoring. The chip is small enough to be implanted in the body just beneath the surface of the skin and is powered wirelessly by a wearable device, such as a smartwatch or patch. The goal of this work is to develop a routine, unobtrusive alcohol and drug monitoring device for patients in substance abuse treatment programs.

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Estimation of Injury Risk of the Cervical Spine of Car Occupants after Emergency Braking

BIOMED-TEC Hannover-Thorsten Facius lng
Medical School Hannover-Heiko Johannsen
Published 2018-04-03 by SAE International in United States
This study deals with the question whether or not a “braking with maximum deceleration” represents a specific physical load situation for the occupants of a car. For this purpose, a literature study was performed to determine the relevance of symptoms concerning whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) of car occupants who were involved in traffic accidents with low accident severity. Additionally, test drives with full braking cars were conducted to determine the load situation of the neck for human test persons. Dummies were used too, which were equipped with measuring components at the head and thorax to identify the effective acceleration/deceleration and to compare these values to scientific approved characteristic deceleration values and to the existing neck injury criteria. Finally, the likelihood of occurrence of symptoms in terms of a neck injury was evaluated from the medical and biomechanical point of view.The study shows that there is basically no risk for the occurrence of neck injuries and neck pain (whiplash disorders) for car occupants who experienced a full braking maneuver. This applies for the specific individual measured data of the test…
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