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Noise & Vibration challenges in an Electric Vehicle (Bus), its effect and possible reduction techniques

International Centre for Automotive Technology-Ikshit Shrivastava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2493
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Ikshit Shrivastava1, Kiranpreet Singh2 1,2 International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Gurugram, India Introduction: Noise and Vibrations is a vast field of study and has been a constant challenge to Acousticians and designers. IC engines have been in existence since almost 125 years and have given enough room & time to acousticians and engineers to develop materials and tune powertrains to minimize Noise and Vibrations from vehicles. With the advent of technology to evolve alternate fueled powertrains to reduce emissions emitted by IC engines, lot of research is being carried out to develop powertrains particularly in the area of Hybrids & Electrics. Substantial investments are being made by OEMs worldwide on researching xEV domain to tap new motor/ battery technologies for vehicles. Since the technology in xEVs is majorly different, the problems associated with them are also different. IC Engines were known to create Noise in running condition, whereas Electric Vehicles are seen as no noise emitting products. The challenge is not just to create a vehicle with zero noise and vibrations inside of the…
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Design for Adaptive Rear Floor Carpet for Changing Shapes and Complex Architecture

Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd.-Praveen Kumar, Ramakrishna Nimmagadda, Harshad Bornare, Nareen Kinthala
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
With increasing road traffic and pollution, it becomes responsibility for all OEM to increase fuel efficiency and reduce carbon footprint. Most effective way to do so is to reduce weight of the vehicle and more use of ecofriendly recyclable material. With this objective we have come up with Light weight, cost effective sustainable design solution for Injection moulded RQT (Rear quarter trim). It is an interior plastic component mounted in the III row of the vehicle. This is required to ensure inside enhanced aesthetic look of the vehicle and comfort for 3rd row passengers. Conventionally RQT of vehicle with 3rd row seating is made using plastic material (PP TD 20). With the use of plastic moulded RQT there is a significant weight addition of around 6 kg per vehicle along with reduced cabin space, huge investment and development time impact.In PROJECT X model which is a 4.4 meter vehicle with 3rd row seating capacity, we have challenged the conventional way of design and have come up with “Light weight, cost effective sustainable design solution” of…
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Numerical Study of Effect of Material and Orientation on Strength of Side Door Intrusion Beam

Vellore Institute of Technology-Mayank Chandak, Hirdekar Antariksh, Chavan Saurabh, Kannan Chidambaram
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Nowadays more and more people are concerned about the safety rating of their vehicle. The safety rating depends on the ability of the car to minimize the injury to the occupants post-crash. Crashworthiness of the vehicle is determined by carrying out various tests such as static and dynamic tests. Side crashes are one of the leading causes of fatal injury following front crashes. Side door strength is dependent on the door components such as latch and striker, hinge, door beam etc. Lateral stiffness is contributed significantly by the side door beam in the door structure. The side door beam limits the side intrusion into passenger compartment. This paper emphasizes the effect of intrusion beam materials and orientation in the side door strength with a numerical approach using ANSYS tool. These factors affect the strength and weight of the door. The simulation study with respect to door design is cost-effective and time-saving. Side door intrusion test as per IS 12009 norms is simulated in the software and are substantiated by the experimental test results of existing…
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Design Approach for Secure Networks to Introduce Data Analytics within the Aircraft Cabin

Hamburg University of Technology-Hartmut Hintze, Fabian Giertzsch, Ralf God
Published 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
In the past, aircraft network design did not demand for information security considerations. The aircraft systems were simple, obscure, proprietary and, most importantly for security, the systems have been either physically isolated or they have been connected by directed communication links. The union of the aircraft systems thus formed a federated network. These properties are in sharp contrast with today’s system designs, which rest upon platform-based solutions with shared resources being interconnected by a massively meshed and shared communication network. The resulting connectivity and the high number of interfaces require an in-depth security analysis as the systems also provide functions that are required for the safe operation of the aircraft. This network design evolution, however, resulted in an iterative and continuous adaption of existing network solutions as these have not been developed from scratch. Now, with the upcoming trend of data analytics and artificial intelligence applications, which demand for an extensive availability of data, holistic aircraft cabin networks are necessary to satisfy the associated requirements. For the development of such networks this paper proposes a…
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Measurement of Passenger Compartment Refrigerant Concentrations Under System Refrigerant Leakage Conditions

Interior Climate Control Vehicle OEM Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2772_201909
  • Current
Published 2019-09-03 by SAE International in United States

This Standard is restricted to refrigeration circuits that provide air-conditioning for the passenger compartments of passenger and commercial vehicles.

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Elastomer: Silicone Rubber (MQ/VMQ) Flame Retardant, Low Smoke Density, Low Smoke Toxicity, High Strength, 65 - 75 Durometer Type A Hardness For Products in Pressurized Aircraft Compartment Interiors

AMS CE Elastomers Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS3310A
  • Current
Published 2019-08-30 by SAE International in United States

This specification covers a silicone (MQ/VMQ) elastomer that can be used to manufacture product in the form of molded sheet, strips, and shapes, color coded white in accordance with ARP1527.

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Design and Performance Criteria Transport Aircraft Portable Megaphones

S-9A Safety Equipment and Survival Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS4950B
  • Current
Published 2019-08-22 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides design criteria and performance tests for portable, handheld, battery-powered, electronic megaphones used by aircraft crew members to provide information and guidance in the event of an aircraft emergency or other non-routine situation.
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Air Filter Element Test Method

HFTC6, Operator Accommodation
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J1533_201907
  • Current
Published 2019-07-03 by SAE International in United States
This SAE test method establishes a uniform test procedure for determining the gravimetric (mass based) efficiency and pressure drop performance levels of operator enclosure panel type filters on off-road, self-propelled work machines used in earth moving, and forestry, as defined in SAE J1116 and for agricultural equipment as defined in ANSI/ASAE S390, and equipped with an operator enclosure with a powered fresh air system. ISO/TS 11155-1 may additionally be used, which describes the use of particle sizing devices to measure the fractional (particle size) efficiency of panel type filters for automotive cabin filter applications. Automotive cabin filters are similar to filters described in this procedure, and the ISO/TS 11155-1 test method is therefore directly applicable.
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Towards a Quiet Vehicle Cabin Through Digitalization of HVAC Systems and Subsystems Aeroacoustics Testing and Design

Dassault Systèmes SIMULIA-Vincent Vidal, Adrien Mann, Jonas Verriere, Minsuk Kim
Valeo Thermal Systems-Fabrice Ailloud, Manuel Henner, Olivier Cheriaux
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
With the rise of electric autonomous vehicles, it has become clear that the cabin of tomorrow will drastically evolve to both improve ride experience and reduce energy consumption. In addition, autonomy will change the transportation paradigm, leading to a reinvention of the cabin seating layout which will offer the opportunity to climate systems team to design quiet and even more energy efficient systems.Consequently, Heat and Ventilation Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems designers have to deliver products which perform acoustically better than before, but often with less development time. To success under such constraints, designers need access to methods providing both assessment of the system (or subsystems) acoustic performance, and identification of where the designs need to be improved to reduce noise levels. Such methods are often needed before a physical prototype is requested, and thus can only be achieved in a timely manner through digital testing. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of a CFD/CAA approach based on the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) to predict HVAC system noise including real and complex ducts, registers, mixing unit…
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Development of Impact Force 1D Model for Powertrain Component

Denso-Yuma Yoshimaru, Makoto Kondo, Yukie Omuro, Masashi Inaba
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Electromagnetic valves excellent in sealing properties and resistant to sliding are often used in powertrain equipment installed in gasoline- or diesel-engine vehicles. An electromagnetic valve has the function of moving internal valve members by means of electromagnetic force generated by the application of a voltage and thereby changing the flow path. When an electromagnetic valve operates, however, the valve members impact with one another, emitting impact noise caused by it. With the requirement for low noise in electromagnetic valves having become stricter recently from the viewpoint of comfort in the passenger compartment, predicting the noise is needed at the design stage.With this background, this paper describes the development of a 1D model of impact force that will enable the noise and the product performance to be examined simultaneously for a GDI (gasoline direct injection) high pressure pump. In contrast to the conventional model in which a movable member is taken as a mass point with a spring and a damper placed at the impact section, this paper proposes a technique in which a spring-mass model…
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