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Noise and vibration simulations method for electric hybrid tractor powertrain.

Tafe Motors and Tractors Limited-Ishwinder Pal Singh Sethi, Anand Shivajirao Patil
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2469
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Internal combustion (IC) engines have been serving as prime source of power in tractors, since late 19th Century. Over this period, there have been significant improvements in IC engine technology leading to increased power density, reduction in tailpipe emissions and refinement in powertrain noise of tractors. As the regulations governing tailpipe emissions continue to be more stringent, original equipment manufacturers also have initiated work on innovative approaches such as diesel-electric hybrid powertrains to ensure compliance with new norms. However, introduction of such technologies may impact customer’s auditory, vibratory and drivability perceptions. Absence of conventional IC engine noise, association of electric whistle and whine, torque changes with activation/de-activation of motors and transmission behavior under transient conditions may result in new NVH issues in hybrid electric vehicles. The following paper addresses these concerns and introduces a multi-physics simulation model to investigate and mitigate these effects. The multi physics simulation model presented in this paper incorporates the multi-disciplinary domain of internal combustion engine thermodynamics, electric components, mechanical systems, control systems and the vehicle response.


Altair Engineering-Srinivas Tangudu, Padmaja Durgam
Altair Engineering India Pvt , Ltd.-Muralidhar Gumma
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2552
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Recent Years “NVH” is gaining lots of attention as the perception of vehicle quality by a consumer is closely aligned to NVH Characteristics. Demand on Vehicle Light weighting to compliance the environmental norms with powerful engines challenging the “Vehicle NVH”, powertrain induced noise will be continued to be a primary factor for all IC engine vehicles. Component level NVH refinement is necessary to control the overall NVH characteristics of vehicle with lighter Vehicle goal. Current Paper works starts with physical testing the Engine oil pan of the most popular vehicle and build an equivalent simulation model by reverse engineering the design and match similar performance trend in simulation model. After building baseline simulation model, conduct shape, topology, gauge and material optimization to improve weight and performance of Oilpan. In addition to the Simulation DVPS to study the complete NVH characteristics oil pan models, a deep Learning model developed with power of GPUs to disrupt oil pan design methodology as well as optimizing the weight, Performance and cost . Every design engineer would like to optimize…

Noise & Vibration challenges in an Electric Vehicle (Bus), its effect and possible reduction techniques

International Centre For Automotive Tech.-Ikshit Shrivastava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2493
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Ikshit Shrivastava1, Kiranpreet Singh2 1,2 International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Gurugram, India Introduction: Noise and Vibrations is a vast field of study and has been a constant challenge to Acousticians and designers. IC engines have been in existence since almost 125 years and have given enough room & time to acousticians and engineers to develop materials and tune powertrains to minimize Noise and Vibrations from vehicles. With the advent of technology to evolve alternate fueled powertrains to reduce emissions emitted by IC engines, lot of research is being carried out to develop powertrains particularly in the area of Hybrids & Electrics. Substantial investments are being made by OEMs worldwide on researching xEV domain to tap new motor/ battery technologies for vehicles. Since the technology in xEVs is majorly different, the problems associated with them are also different. IC Engines were known to create Noise in running condition, whereas Electric Vehicles are seen as no noise emitting products. The challenge is not just to create a vehicle with zero noise and vibrations inside of the…

Equivalent Radiated Power driven optimization for driveline housings using simulation tools to cut-down the project time

VE Commercial Vehicles Ltd-Suresh Kumar Kandreegula, Hemant Nishad, Dheeraj Singh, Kunal Kamal
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2533
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
In the field of Automotive industry, being competitive makes you succeed. Industry is moving towards advancement day by day. New technologies to improve fuel efficiency, crash resistance, vehicle noise levels have been trending. At VECV, we have traditionally worked on CAE of driveline housings (clutch housing & transmission housing) based on static, dynamic and transient loadings. Currently, weight optimization technique depends on the structural and dynamic loading conditions, but do not consider acoustic concerns. Powertrain housings are highly prone to vibrations and leads to high level of noise. Noise has been constant issue in the casting components associated to driveline. There have been lot of research going on to reduce the level of noise and vibrations in the vehicle driveline, which ultimately leads to fuel efficiency and ergonomic benefits. Low noise generation can also lead to saving of lot of resources deployed to dampen the noises. In order to capture the acoustic responses of the system and to improve the design based on acoustic responses, a comprehensive analysis of newly developed driveline housings (clutch housing…

Correlation of Noise Emitted by vehicle on an External Pass-By Noise Track and Indoor Anechoic Chamber

International Centre For Automotive Tech.-Ikshit Shrivastava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2425
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Ikshit Shrivastava1, Kiranpreet Singh2 1,2 International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT), Gurugram, India Introduction: Pass By Noise emitted by the vehicle is one of the most critical tests for certification is vehicle worldwide. There are a number of national and international regulations to define test procedure. Though the available tracks are constructed to meet the requirements of these test standards, but there are other external parameters viz. ambient temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed and its direction, affecting the measurements. These parameters are beyond the control of human and this contamination of test data results in longer test time to monitor atmospheric/ambient conditions and perform the test. Indoor pass-by noise testing is a comparatively new method of testing, which is yet to be evaluated for repeatability/correlation with conventional exterior pass-by noise testing. Objective: This paper aims to establish a correlation between exterior pass-by noise testing and indoor pass-by noise testing. This correlation will serve to establish a foundation for future developments in automobiles; and, evaluate the use of indoor pass-by noise testing as an acceptable alternative…

Accounting the variabilities into squeak and rattle predictions

Altair Engineering India Pvt Ltd-Chandan Ravi, Rongali Praveen
Altair Engineering India Pvt , Ltd.-Hari Krishna Reddy
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2402
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Squeak and Rattle (S&R) are the dominant undesired noises which adjudge the perceived quality of a vehicle. It's a foremost problem which needs to be identified and eliminated at a design stage to develop a robust vehicle, which also aids in pacifying the physical testing and warranty claim costs. A Finite Element model of the complex plastic dashboard has been analyzed to identify risks and the root cause of S&R problem under dynamic and static loading conditions, using E-line methodology. These complex transient problems are highly influenced by various parameters like gap variability, temperature, the coefficient of thermal expansion, thickness, and material properties. This paper elaborates the detailed investigation conducted using stochastic simulations to evaluate the individual and combined impact of each parameter on S&R performance

Emission and noise optimization of CRDe engine with pilot injection strategies

Mahindra Research Valley-Pranav Kumar Sinha, Anbarasu Muthusamy, Vagesh Shangar Ramani
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0019
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
he combustion strategies play a key role in emission improvisation and noise reduction on diesel engines equipped for higher emission norms. This paper clearly discussed on the selection of various operating points for optimization and employing of proper calibration strategies like pilot strategy, Main injection timing, EGR type and rail pressure variation for best emission and noise output. Various optimization techniques have been implemented in our study. Since the pilot injection quantity as well as timing are varied in our paper, careful matrix formulation is required to determine the best optimum point. Around 340 points were obtained on varying pilot quantity and pilot separation sweep chosen at single engine speed and load for both the pilots. Out of the above points, 5 sensitive points were selected ensuring the sensitivity of the emissions and noise. Calibration was employed to meet the emission and noise targets of the points achieving effective noise - Soot trade off and HC- PM trade-off.

Design and Development of an Exhaust Muffler With Improved Transmission Loss for a Naturally Aspirated Diesel Engine

Prince Shri Venkateshwara Engg. College-Edison Rajasingh
SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundararaj Senthilkumar
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0046
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Exhaust noise from engines is one of component noise pollution to the environment. Significantly, the exhaust noise in terms of pressure is about 10 times all the other noises (structural noise) combined. Exhaust systems are developed to attenuate noise meeting required dB (a) levels and sound quality, emissions based on environment norms. Hence this has become an important area of research and development. Most of the advances in theory of acoustic filters and exhaust mufflers have been developed in last two decades. The purpose of this experiment was to conduct design, analyse and test the exhaust muffler in order to determine the pressure drop and noise reduction in the exhaust system. For this analysis, ANSYS Fluent was used. From the calculations Muffler diameter and length were selected whereas perforations and baffles were considered so as to have maximum pressure drop and noise reduction. In this study, a reactive perforated muffler is investigated. several designs were considered for maximum pressure drop and the best was selected for manufacturing. Further the validation was done on a muffler…

Squeak behavior of plastic interfaces

Auto & Truck Services-Lokesh Pancholi
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0083
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Automotive is getting advanced and increasingly comfortable with new technologies and demand from customers. Car cabins have become much quieter as compared yesteryears. Where the outside noise has gone down significantly, secondary and small noises like squeak and rattle have become more prominent. Squeak though a transient and short lived, is an unexpected noise and often considered as an irritant. There is an increasing need felt to eliminate squeak completely from the interiors of the vehicle where choice materials play dominant role. This article briefs about the work done on evaluating different plastic interfaces for squeak behavior using Stick-Slip method. Some plastic surfaces were even tested with other interfaces like leather and vinyl coated fabrics. Choice of plastic material and interfaces to be tested were shortlisted after studying many different vehicles and benchmarking. Difference in squeak was also studied with respect to external conditions like temperature, velocity of interfaces, normal force, humidity and roughness. The result of any test is measured in the form of Risk Priority Number (RPN) where higher the RPN higher is…

Numerical Prediction of Aeroacoustic Noise for Bluff Bodies at Various Reynolds Numbers with Vortex Suppression Methods

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sanhita Padia, Dewanshu Deep, Senthilkumar Sundararaj
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0118
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Noise of almost every form is considered undesirable and hence its reduction is an important area of study. Aerodynamically generated noise due to vortex shedding in the wake of bluff bodies is a major source of such undesirable noise in applications involving overhead wires, poles, automotive components and aircraft landing gears. Vortex suppression methods are employed in these cases to reduce the noise generated by suppressing the pressure fluctuations arising near the bluff body surface. For the present study, flow past different bluff bodies is simulated using commercial CFD software, ANSYS FLUENT, with and without involving suppression methods. The calculations for flow field are performed by solving the two-dimensional governing equations for unsteady isothermal incompressible viscous flow. Turbulence modelling is performed using Large Eddy Simulation (LES) with Smagorinsky-Lilly subgrid model. Simulations for far-field noise are carried out using Ffowcs-William and Hawking model and different aeroacoustic parameters like overall sound pressure level and sound pressure level are computed for different receiver locations. The effectiveness of different suppression methods is tested at different Reynolds numbers and their…