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Coupled Electro-Chemical and Thermal Modeling for Cylindrical Lithium-ion Batteries

Automotive Research Association of India-Ravindra Kumar, Prashant Pathare, Shantanu Waman, Gargi Moharil
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2488
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
The shift over of the automobile sector from the ICE to the electric drives is imminent due to arising global issues of pollution and ever rising pressure on the demand of the natural resources due to lower efficiency of the ICE drives. This has led to uprising of the Lithium-ion batteries, with addition of the burden of living to expectation of clean energy and higher efficiencies. Alongside, with limitation in the availability of the lithium-ion batteries they carry a hefty price tag with them, hence causing huddles in the research. Lack of research leads to failure of batteries and may cause life threatening situations when operating in the vehicle. In order to insight the working of the cylindrical lithium-ion batteries under different driving and environmental conditions a methodology is developed for the coupled electro-chemical and thermal phenomenon. This allows anticipating the behaviour of the battery under different conditions that influence its performance. The 18650 battery with three different chemistries i.e. Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide (NCA), Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC) and Lithium Iron…
 

Experimental study on tool wear and cutting temperature during machining of Nimonic C-263 and Waspaloy based on Taguchi Method and Response Surface Methodology

Sri Sairam Engineering College-Vetri Velmurugan Kannan
Vellore Institute of Technology-Venkatesan Kannan, Devendiran Sundararajan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0144
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Nickel based materials of Nimonic C-263 and Waspaloy are used nowadays for aerospace applications owing to its superior strength properties that are maintained at a higher temperature. Tool wear and cutting temperature in the vicinity of cutting edge are two essential machinability characteristics for any cutting tool. In this regard, this study is pursued to examine the influence of factors on measuring of tool wear (Vba) and cutting temperature (Ts) during dry machining of two alloys are studied experimentally based on Taguchi method and Response surface methodology. Taguchi’s L16 orthogonal array is used to design the experiment and a PVD (TiAlN), CVD (TiN/Al2O3/TiCN) coated carbide inserts are used on turning of two alloys. The factor effect on output responses is studied using analysis of variance, empirical models and responses surface 3D plots. To minimize the response and to convert into one single optimum level, responses surface desirability function approach is applied. The results show that growth of flank wears associated with Waspaloy is faster that of Nimonic C-263 due to rise in the heat for…
 

Corrosion and Corrosive Wear of Steel for Automotive Exhaust Application

Crescent Institute of Science and Technology-Tiruvannamalai Rajendra Prasad Tamilarasan
SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Raj Rajendran
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0178
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In the current scenario, durable exhaust system design, development and manufacturing are mandatory for the vehicle to be competitive and challenging in the automotive market. Material selection for the exhaust system plays a major role due to the increased warranty requirements and regulatory compliances. The materials used in the automotive exhaust application are cast iron, stainless steel, mild steel. The materials of the exhaust systems should be heat resistant, wear and corrosion resistant. Stainless steel is the most commonly used material in the automotive exhaust system. Due to increasing cost of nickel and some other alloying elements, there is a need to replace the stainless steel with EN 8 steel. Recent trends are towards light weight concepts, cost reduction and better performance. In order to reduce the cost and to achieve better wear and corrosion resistance, the surface of the EN 8 steel is modified with coatings. This work focuses on the evaluation of corrosion and corrosive wear resistance of hard chrome plating (HCP), hot dip aluminized coatings (HDA), spray aluminized coatings (SA), electroless nickel…
 

Turning of Inconel 825 with coated carbide tool applying vegetable-based cutting fluid mixed with CUO, Al2O3 and CNT Nanoparticles by MQL

Vellore Institute of Technology-Venkatesan Kannan, Devendiran Sundararajan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0060
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Inconel 825 is nickel (Ni)-iron (Fe)-chromium (Cr) alloy with additions of copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), and titanium (Ti). The alloy has excellent resistance to corrosion and is often the most cost-effective alloy in sulphuric acid piping vessels and chemical process equipment. No attempt of applying MQL with the addition of nanoparticles was reported conferring to the works accessed. The present study is focused on evaluating the effect of the addition of nanoparticles (CUO, Al2O3 and CNT) in vegetable oil applied by MQL mode during turning of Inconel 825 with coated carbide tool. Cutting force, surface roughness and tool wear are evaluated. The results showed that the addition of nCNT substantially improved the machining performance, smaller flank and crater wear on the tool edge, while the adhesion and abrasion are observed as wear mechanism and better results are obtained at 0.5% of nCNT+ vegetable oil to produce the lowest values.
 

Investigation of machinability characteristics and chip morphology on Inconel 718: Dry and MQL

Vellore Institute of Technology-Devendiran Sundararajan, Venkatesan Kannan, Prafful Kumar, Rishabhsingh Shakya
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0066
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Nickel based superalloys Inconel 718 has a unique property. It contains oxidation corrosion resistant materials. This property makes it highly suitable for extreme environments subjected to pressure and heat. In the present study, dry and MQL(Minimum Quantity Lubrication) experiments are carried out on Inconel 718 alloy based on designed L16 orthogonal array using the advanced coated cutting tool and uncoated tool, respectively. The levels of turning parameters are varied at 70, 120, 170 and 220 m/min of turning speed, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2 and 0.25 mm/rev of feed rate and 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6 mm of cutting depth. The cutting forces, surface roughness, flank wear, and chip morphology are taken for current investigation. The factor effect on output responses is studied using responses surface 3D and 1D plots. At the comparative analysis, the decrement in surface roughness value by 3.59%, increment in cutting force by 29.14% and increment in wear by 71.07% is observed in MQL turning with the uncoated tool as compare to dry turning with the coated tool. At the optimum level, improvement…
 

Effect of Cryogenic Treatment on Inconel 718 Produced by DMLS Technique

Vellore Institute of Technology-Chooriyaparambil Damodaran Naiju, Kumar Raja, Nattudurai Navin Kumar, Chandrakant Yadav Aditya, Muniappan Senthil Kumar
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0140
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
The main purpose of this study is to investigate additive manufactured Inconel super alloy subjected to Cryogenic Treatment (CT). Cryogenic treatment mainly used in aerospace, defence and automobile application. Direct Metal Laser Sintering is an Additive manufacturing technique used for manufacturing of Complex and complicated functional components. Inconel is an austenitic chromium nickel based super alloy often used in the applications which require high strength & temperature resistant. In this work, we have made an attempt to study microstructure and mechanical properties of additive manufactured Inconel 718 when subjected to cryogenic treatment at three different time intervals. The micro-structural evolution of IN718 super-alloy before and after CT was investigated by both Optic Microscope (OM) and SEM. Surface roughness and hardness at different CT time intervals has also analyzed. Additionally, XRD technique was used to analyze the surface residual stress. The result shows after three cycles of CT-1(CT-2, CT-3), the hardness of Inconel 718 has been substantially improved at room temperature. Microstructure shows grains in CT-3 condition larger number of refined and uniformly distributed strengthening precipitates…
 
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Nickel Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Bars, Forgings, and Rings 64Ni - 5.0Cr - 24.5Mo - 5.5Fe Solution Heat Treated

AMS F Corrosion Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS5755G
  • Current
Published 2019-07-31 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers a corrosion and heat-resistant nickel alloy in the form of bars, forgings, flash welded rings, and stock for forging or flash welded rings.
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Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Bars, Forgings, and Rings 34Co - 3.0Cr - 28Ni - 3.0Cb(Nb) - 5.5Al - 0.008B - 25.5Fe Multiple Melted, High Temperature, Oxidation-Resistant, Low Expansion Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation-Hardenable

AMS F Corrosion Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
  • Aerospace Material Specification
  • AMS5940D
  • Current
Published 2019-07-31 by SAE International in United States
This specification covers a cobalt-nickel-iron alloy in the form of bars, forgings, flash welded rings, and stock for forging, flash welded rings, or heading.
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TERMINAL, LUG, CRIMP STYLE, COPPER, UNINSULATED, FLAG TONGUE, SIZES 22-10, TYPE I, CLASS I, FOR 150°C TOTAL CONDUCTOR TEMPERATURE

AE-8C2 Terminating Devices and Tooling Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS7928/15A
  • Current
Published 2019-07-08 by SAE International in United States
No Abstract Available.
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TERMINAL, LUG, CRIMP STYLE, COPPER, UNINSULATED, RING TONGUE, TYPE I, CLASS 1, FOR 175 °C OR 260 °C TOTAL CONDUCTOR TEMPERATURE

AE-8C2 Terminating Devices and Tooling Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS20659G
  • Current
Published 2019-07-08 by SAE International in United States
No Abstract Available.
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