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Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of Apollo 11: Back to the Moon

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34762
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The Moon is a treasure chest of science. The lunar samples returned during the Apollo program dramatically changed our view of the solar system, yet they just scratch the surface of what we know about the Moon — knowledge that can be acquired with a sustained human and robotic presence on the Moon. Although Americans first walked on its surface 50 years ago, footprints were left at only six sites during a total of 16 days on the surface. The next wave of lunar exploration will be fundamentally different.

U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34636
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In October 1962, the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Unit was established with a goal of providing specialized medical and physiological support to help close the gap between Army combat aviation needs and human capabilities, and to protect aviators from altitude, climate, noise, acceleration, impact, and other stressors in a growing hostile environment. In 1969, the Army re-designated the unit as the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory (USAARL).

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Directory of Databases Part I - Whole Body Anthropometry Surveys

G-45 Human Systems Integration
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR5145A
  • Current
Published 2018-11-02 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) lists whole body anthropometric surveys and provides current sources for the survey raw data and summary statistics.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available

Carbon Dioxide Collection and Pressurization Technology

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-32843
Published 2018-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Mars is the ultimate destination for NASA's human exploration program. In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) is a key technology required to enable such missions. The goals of using resources available at the exploration site are to reduce launch and delivered mass, reduce risk and cost, enable new missions not possible without ISRU, and expand a human presence in space. A known resource is the Martian atmosphere, composed of 95% CO2, which can be processed to produce useful consumables such as oxygen and methane.

Space Habitability Observation Reporting Tool (iSHORT)

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-29725
Published 2018-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

As documented by the Human Research Program, there is a need for tools to aid in assessing habitability in space vehicles/habitats. Currently, human factors and habitability feedback is collected during post-mission debriefs that may occur up to several months following the end of a mission. This tool was developed to provide a simple means to collect feedback from astronauts regarding human factors and habitability observations throughout the course of a mission.

Magnetic Induction Heating of Space Foods During Dispensing Under Weightless Conditions

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-29051
Published 2018-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Hot foods are psychologically pleasing. Food heating systems are currently part of the astronaut feeding program. An electrical method of heating foods during dispensing in space uses magnetic induction heating. The process is up to 95% efficient in converting electricity into food heat during the process of dispensing. There is no direct contact between the electrical source and the food.

Printing Ink Removes Oxygen in Sealed Packages

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-28852
Published 2018-05-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Oxygen adversely impacts food flavor and nutrition. NASA’s proposed five-year shelf life for astronaut food requires aggressive measures to minimize oxygen. Previously, NASA packaged foods in containers with a high oxygen and moisture barrier. These materials have limiting properties. They contain a metal layer; therefore, they do not incinerate or melt-compress. As a result, they are a disposal burden. They also have only a three-year shelf life.

Development of the Orion Crew-Service Module Umbilical Retention and Release Mechanism

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-26516
Published 2017-03-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The Orion Crew-Service Module (CM/SM) umbilical retention and release mechanism supports, protects, and disconnects all of the cross-module commodities between the spacecraft's crew and service modules. These commodities include explosive transfer lines, wiring for power and data, and flexible hoses for ground purge and life support systems. Initial development testing of the mechanism's separation interface resulted in binding failures due to connector misalignments. Separation of the umbilical lines between the Crew Module (CM) and the Service Module (SM) happens as part of the vehicle separation activities prior to reentry. If the umbilical fails to separate successfully, the crew and spacecraft will likely be lost.

Spinoff: Wireless Platform Integrates Sensors with Smartphones

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-26213
Published 2017-01-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In 2007, when the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a call for a sensor that could equip a smartphone with the ability to detect dangerous gases and chemicals, Ames Research Center scientist Jing Li had a ready response. Four years earlier, she led a team that wrote a paper on the use of carbon nanotube sensors for gas and organic vapor detection.

Precise Measurements on Earth Enable Further Exploration in Space

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-25235
Published 2016-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Measurement is the first step to success. If you can’t measure something accurately, it can’t be understood or improved. That is especially true for the spacecraft rockets and engines designed to operate under extreme temperatures and pressures at liftoff, or space stations the size of a six-bedroom house that must support people living and working in space for years.