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Photometric and Colorimetric Measurement Procedures for Airborne Electronic Flat Panel Displays

A-20A Crew Station Lighting
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP4260B
  • Current
Published 2019-09-17 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains methods used to measure the optical performance of airborne electronic flat panel display (FPD) systems. The methods described are specific to the direct view, liquid crystal matrix (x-y addressable) display technology used on aircraft flight decks. The focus of this document is on active matrix, liquid crystal displays (LCD). The majority of the procedures can be applied to other display technologies, however, it is cautioned that some techniques need to be tailored to different display technologies. The document covers monochrome and color LCD operation in the transmissive mode within the visual spectrum (the wavelength range of 380 to 780 nm). These procedures are adaptable to reflective and transflective displays paying special attention to the source illumination geometry. Photometric and colorimetric measurement procedures for airborne direct view CRT (cathode ray tube) displays are found in ARP1782. Optical measurement procedures for airborne head up displays (HUDs) can be found in ARP5287. Generally, the procedures describe manual single point measurements. The individual procedures may be readily incorporated into automated testing equipment…
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5 Ws of the Wearable Cooling and Heating Patch

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34922
Published 2019-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The patch — which serves as a personal thermostat — provides personalized cooling and heating at home, work, or on the go by cooling or warming the user's skin to a comfortable temperature and keeping it there as the ambient temperature changes.

Face-Tracking Robot

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34764
Published 2019-07-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A robot is being developed that tracks facial movements to perform human tasks. The robot resembles large, squiggly arms holding tiny cameras. Sitting in a rolling office chair across from one of the arms, the robot's developer, Nathan Huber, demonstrates how it works. Huber rolls from left to write, forward and back, and the robot's camera follows his movements. He programmed the robot to track objects in planes. First, it identifies the object and locates it on the X and Y axes. Then, with a spatial-tracking algorithm, the robot can determine how near or far an object is in order to grab it.

U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34636
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In October 1962, the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Unit was established with a goal of providing specialized medical and physiological support to help close the gap between Army combat aviation needs and human capabilities, and to protect aviators from altitude, climate, noise, acceleration, impact, and other stressors in a growing hostile environment. In 1969, the Army re-designated the unit as the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory (USAARL).

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Automated Driving System (ADS) Marker Lamp

Signaling and Marking Devices Stds Comm
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J3134_201905
  • Current
Published 2019-05-31 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice provides guidelines for the use, performance, installation, activation, and switching of marking lamps on ADS-equipped vehicles.
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Human Systems Integration and SAE6906

  • Professional Development
  • C1941
Published 2019-05-20

By attending this seminar, you will be able to:

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An Immersive Vehicle-in-the-Loop VR Platform for Evaluating Human-to-Autonomous Vehicle Interactions

Clemson University-Roberto Merco, Manveen Kaur, Anjan Rayamajhi, Gianluca Papa, Pierluigi Pisu, Sabarish Babu, Andrew Robb, Jim Martin
Maserati-Marco Gavelli
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
The deployment of autonomous vehicles in real-world scenarios requires thorough testing to ensure sufficient safety levels. Driving simulators have proven to be useful testbeds for assisted and autonomous driving functionalities but may fail to capture all the nuances of real-world conditions. In this paper, we present a snapshot of the design and evaluation using a Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control application of virtual reality platform currently in development at our institution. The platform is designed so to: allow for incorporating live real-world driving data into the simulation, enabling Vehicle-in-the-Loop testing of autonomous driving behaviors and providing us with a useful mean to evaluate the human factor in the autonomous vehicle context.
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Antenna Design Methodology for Remote Keyless Entry: The Effects of the Human Body and Vehicular Antenna Positions on Coverage

Altair Engineering-Dipen Kumar Das, Aseim Elfrgani
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
In this era of technologies, Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) system has become an integral part of motor vehicles. Over the years, a lot of functionalities have been added to RKE systems. To achieve functional communication between key-fob antennas and vehicular receiving antennas, it is necessary to analyze the impact of a human body as well as the receiving antenna placements on the vehicle’s body. Taking these variations into account during the antenna development phase becomes expensive and tedious since achieving an efficient design would require several iterations, testing, and modification, in the design. Hence, Computational Electromagnetic (CEM) techniques become a feasible solution to explore such scenarios and adopt necessary modifications as needed. This paper introduces a methodological process of designing RKE antennas using 3D CEM Simulation tool; namely Altair Feko. Moreover, the presented methodology includes an analysis of variations of remote keyless entry system’s radiation characteristics while placed in the vicinity of the human body. The effects of the vehicular receiving antenna position on the RKE system’s coverage are also investigated and analyzed. This paper…
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The History of Human Factors in Seating Comfort at SAE’s World Congress: 1999 to 2018

Ford Motor Co., Ltd.-Michael Kolich
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
In many fields of technology, examinations of the past can provide insights into the future. This paper reviews the last 20 years of automotive seat comfort development and research as chronicled by SAE’s session titled “Human Factors in Seating Comfort”. Records suggest that “Human Factors in Seating Comfort” has existed as a separate session at SAE’s World Congress since 1999. In that time there have been 148 unique contributions (131 publications). The history is fascinating because it reflects interests of the time that are driven by technology trends, customer wants and needs, and new theories. The list of contributors, in terms of authors and their affiliations, is also telling. It shows shifts in business models and strategies around collaboration. The paper ends with a discussion of what can be learned from this historical review and the major issues to be addressed. One of the more significant contributions of this paper is the reference list. It contains all 131 of SAE’s “Human Factors in Seating Comfort” published papers in a single location. These references represent the foundation…
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Modular Biosensor Patch

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34137
Published 2019-04-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Researchers are identifying new biomarkers to help monitor cognition and stress in the human body and enhance human performance. Traditional biomarkers like heart rate, temperature, oxygen partial pressure, blood glucose, electrolyte concentration, and others have been correlated with cognition and stress states. However, the correlation is indirect. Molecular biomarkers with stronger and more specific links are preferred.