Your Selections

Erosion
Show Only

Collections

File Formats

Content Types

Dates

Sectors

Topics

Authors

Publishers

Affiliations

Committees

Events

Magazine

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Prediction of Hydraulic Cavitation Using 1D Simulation

John Deere India Pvt. Ltd.-Vinit Jawale, Ameya Bandekar
VJTI-Pritam Shinde, Addanki Rao
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Hydraulic Cavitation is, in many cases, an undesirable occurrence. It is the formation and collapse of air cavities in liquid. In hydraulic devices such as pumps, motors, etc. cavitation causes a great deal of noise, local erosion, damage to components, vibrations, increases oil contamination and a loss of efficiency. There is already established process of predicting cavitation using 3D simulation software. However, the model development is the time-consuming process as well as prediction process is component /subsystem level and cannot be done for various duty cycle operations at architecture level. That requires exploring our research in 1D simulation technique for prediction of cavitation. In this research, we have developed and implemented a methodology/mathematical model for the prediction of hydraulic cavitation in hydraulic system using a 1D simulation technique. For simulation purpose, we have taken an example of simple hydraulic system and predicted the cavitation in one of the component/subsystem of hydraulic system for ambient conditions. The mathematical model proposed based on mass transport equations of vapor, liquid and gas, Rayleigh-Plesset equations, Singhal model and bubble…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Hybrid Ultra-Low VOC and Non-HAP Rain Erosion Coatings

Aerospace & Defense Technology: August 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AERP08_12
Published 2019-08-01 by SAE International in United States

Developing a rapid-curing rain erosion coating based on a unique glycidyl carbamate (GC) hybrid resin chemistry that offers rapid reactivity and adhesion combined with the erosion, flexibility, weathering and mechanical properties of polyurethane systems.

Numerous military aircraft and shipboard surfaces, such as radomes, antennas, gun shields, wing leading edges, and helicopter blade leading edges, are coated with a specialized erosion-resistant protective coating possessing strict performance requirements. These protective coatings must provide excellent rain erosion resistance, superior mechanical properties, good adhesion to the substrate and meet a host of other metrics outlined in MIL-PRF-32239 and SAE AMS-C- 83231A.

Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Semi-Empirical Modelling of Erosion Phenomena for Ice Crystal Icing Numerical Simulation

ONERA-Virgile Charton, Pierre Trontin, Philippe Villedieu
SAFRAN Aircraft Engines-Gilles Aouizerate
Published 2019-06-10 by SAE International in United States
The aim of this work is to develop a semi-empirical model for erosion phenomena under ice crystal condition, which is one of the major phenomena for ice crystal accretion. Such a model would be able to calculate the erosion rate caused by impinging ice crystals on accreted ice layer.This model is based on Finnie [1] and Bitter [2] [3] solid/solid collision theory which assumes that metal erosion due to sand impingement is driven by two phenomena: cutting wear and deformation wear. These two phenomena are strongly dependent on the particle density, velocity and shape, as well as on the surface physical properties such as Young modulus, Poisson ratio, surface yield strength and hardness. Moreover, cutting wear is mostly driven by tangential velocity and is more effective for ductile eroded body, whereas deformation wear is driven by normal velocity and is more effective for brittle eroded body. Several researchers based their erosion modelling on these two phenomena such as Hutchings et al. [4] for deformation erosion, or Huang et al. [5] and Arabnejad et al. [6]…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Event-Driven Simulation of Particle-Particle and Particle-Surface Collisions in Ice Crystal Icing

ICI Physics-Thomas Charles Currie
Published 2019-06-10 by SAE International in United States
This paper describes an event-driven simulation tool for predicting particle-particle and particle-surface interactions in ice crystal icing (ICI). A new accretion model which is much less empirical than existing models for predicting ICI accretion is also described. Unlike previous models, the new “gouge/bounce model” (GBM) differentiates between (erosion) losses resulting from particle bounce and those resulting from particle gouging. A bounce threshold based on the tangential Stokes number is used to calculate most of the bounce loss. The GBM also predicts ejecta velocities and directions, at least approximately, which is important because most of the mixed-phase mass flux impacting a surface actually bounces off or erodes existing material in ICI, thereby increasing the mass flux downstream. The event-driven simulation tool, denoted COLLIDE, has been applied to two test cases in which accretion growth appeared to be affected by TWC in a manner beyond that which would be expected from the accumulation parameters. An existing correlation-based accretion model (CBM), modified to predict erosion dependence on particle diameter, is also implemented and applied to the test cases.…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

An Experimental Study to Evaluate the Droplet Impinging Erosion Characteristics of an Icephobic, Elastic Soft Surface

Iowa State University-Liqun Ma, Zichen Zhang, Yang Liu, Hui Hu
Published 2019-06-10 by SAE International in United States
Elastic soft material/surface, such as Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), is a perspective, useful and low-cost hydrophobic and icephobic coating. While it has been reported to have good mechanical durability, its erosion durability under the high impacting of water droplets pertinent to aircraft inflight icing phenomena has not been explored. In this study, the droplet imping erosion characteristics of an icephobic PDMS surface/material is evaluated systematically upon the dynamic impinging of water droplets at different impact velocities (~ up to 75m/s), in comparison with other state-of-the-art icephobic materials/surfaces, such as superhydrophobic surface (SHS) and slippery liquid-infused porous surface (SLIPS). Surprisingly, the contact angle (CA) of the elastic PDMS is shown to have an over 20° increase (from 105° to 128°), which represents better hydrophobicity, after the erosion test which is mainly contributed to the higher roughness of the eroded PDMS surface. As for the icephobicity evaluation, intact PDMS was found to has ultra-low ice adhesion (~8 kPa), in comparison with SHS (i.e., ~100kPa) and SLIPS (i.e., ~35kPa). PDMS also shows outstandingly stable ice adhesion during the erosion test…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

High-Fidelity Numerical Modeling of Spark Plug Erosion

Esgee Technologies-Douglas Breden, Anand Karpatne, Kenta Suzuki
University of Texas-Laxminarayan Raja
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
Spark plug erosion is critical in determining the overall efficiency of a spark ignition engine. Over its lifetime, a spark plug is subject to millions of firings. Each spark event results in material erosion due to several mechanisms such as melting, vaporization, sputtering and oxidation. With electrode wear, the inter-electrode spacing increases and a larger voltage difference is required to initiate the spark. The probability of engine misfires also increases with electrode erosion. Once a critical gap is reached, the energy in the ignition coil is not enough to cause a spark breakdown, and the spark plug must be replaced. Due to the long relevant time scales over which erosion occurs, and the difficulty of analyzing the spark plug environment during operation, determining spark plug lifetime typically requires extensive field testing. A high fidelity commercial thermal plasma solver, VizSpark is used simulate electrode erosion due to spark events. The model preserves key arc physics such as current conservation, conjugate heat transfer, fluid flow and electrode ablation. The solution framework includes the capability of coupling high…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Influence of Turbulence and Thermophysical Fluid Properties on Cavitation Erosion Predictions in Channel Flow Geometries

SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility

Argonne National Laboratory-Gina M. Magnotti, Sibendu Som
Indian Institute of Technology - Delhi-Kaushik Saha
  • Journal Article
  • 2019-01-0290
Published 2019-04-02 by SAE International in United States
Cavitation and cavitation-induced erosion have been observed in fuel injectors in regions of high acceleration and low pressure. Although these phenomena can have a large influence on the performance and lifetime of injector hardware, questions still remain on how these physics should be accurately and efficiently represented within a computational fluid dynamics model. While several studies have focused on the validation of cavitation predictions within canonical and realistic injector geometries, it is not well documented what influence the numerical and physical parameters selected to represent turbulence and phase change will have on the predictions for cavitation erosion propensity and severity.In this work, a range of numerical and physical parameters are evaluated within the mixture modeling approach in CONVERGE to understand their influence on predictions of cavitation, condensation and erosion. Particular attention is paid to grid resolution, turbulence model and near-wall treatment, fuel surrogate properties, and non-condensable gas content. Assessment of cavitation predictions are conducted through comparison of measured and predicted mass flow rates and cavitation probability distributions for flow through a channel with a sharp…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Erosion Wear Response of Linz-Donawitz Slag Coatings: Parametric Appraisal and Prediction Using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm and Neural Computation

SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing

ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education, India-Pravat Ranjan Pati
KIIT Deemed to be University, India-Mantra Prasad Satpathy
  • Journal Article
  • 05-12-02-0008
Published 2019-03-14 by SAE International in United States
Slag, generated from basic oxygen furnace (BOF) or Linz-Donawitz (LD) converter, is one of the recyclable wastes in an integrated steel plant. The present work aims at utilization of waste LD slag to develop surface coatings by plasma spraying technique. This study reveals that LD slag can be gainfully used as a cost-effective wear-resistant coating material. A prediction model based on an artificial neural network (ANN) is also proposed to predict the erosion performance of these coatings. The 2.27% error shows that ANN successfully predicts the erosion wear rate of the coatings both within and beyond the experimental domain. In addition to it, a novel optimization algorithm called imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) is used to obtain minimum erosion wear rate of 12.12 mg/kg. This algorithm is inspired by the imperialistic competition and has several advantages over other revolutionary algorithms like its simplicity, less computational time, and accuracy in predicting the results. A 2.39% error is noticed while comparing the erosion wear rate result of ICA with the experimental outcome.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available

Coating Erosion Tests Help Keep Mars 2020 Rover Safe

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-32847
Published 2018-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OH

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Modelling of Electrode Erosion for Prediction of Spark Plug Lifetime

Esgee Technologies-Douglas P. Breden, Anand Karpatne
University of Texas at Austin-Laxminarayan Raja
Published 2018-04-03 by SAE International in United States
A high-fidelity arc plasma simulation tool has been developed that can model arc physics coupled with electrode erosion. The arc physics is modelled using an equilibrium, resistive magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) model. Solid electrodes are modelled using an immersed boundary method that allows for the electrodes to deform dynamically without modifying the original mesh or the underlying governing equations. First, a partial validation of the arc physics is performed by comparing arc stretch in cross-flow with experimental results across a 1.1 mm spark gap. Subsequently, the ability to model arc physics in a coupled manner with ablating electrodes is demonstrated in 2D using a 0.7 mm electrode gap with iron electrodes. The objective of this work is to illustrate modeling of coupled arc physics with eroding electrodes; a capability that will be extended for the realistic prediction of spark plug lifetimes in future work.
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available