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Microfluidics Device Helps Diagnose Sepsis

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35345
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A novel sensor could dramatically accelerate the process of diagnosing sepsis, a leading cause of death in U.S. hospitals that kills nearly 250,000 patients annually. To diagnose sepsis, doctors traditionally rely on various diagnostic tools, including vital signs, blood tests, and other imaging and lab tests.

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Microrobots Activated by Laser Pulses for Treating Tumors

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35153
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Microrobots that can deliver drugs to specific spots inside the body while being monitored and controlled from outside the body have been developed that also can treat tumors in the digestive tract.

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Pen and Autoinjectors: Testing for the Future

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35082
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

The injectable drug-delivery device market is growing at a staggering rate, with an anticipated global market value of $37.5 billion by 2025 compared to $16.7 billion in 2016. The driving factors of this growth are the increasing geriatric population and the rising incidence rates of chronic and autoimmune diseases such as diabetes and multiple sclerosis. Allergies causing anaphylactic reactions are also increasing dramatically, particularly in industrially developed countries.

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Cancer Device Determines Whether Targeted Chemotherapy Is Working

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35084
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Rutgers University researchers have created a device that can determine whether targeted chemotherapy drugs are working on individual cancer patients. The portable device, which uses artificial intelligence and biosensors, is up to 95.9 percent accurate in counting live cancer cells when they pass through electrodes, according to a study in the journal Microsystems & Nanoengineering.

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Device Simplifies Measurement of Fluoride Contamination in Water

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35149
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Adding fluoride to water has been common practice in a number of countries including the U.S. In low concentrations (below 1.5 mg/L), fluoride can help prevent tooth decay and strengthen bones; however, at higher levels, it can have the opposite effect, causing serious dental and bone disease, especially in children and developing fetuses. To determine whether drinking water is safe, fluoride must be detected in water at a parts-per-million (ppm) level. Measuring fluoride at such low concentrations with sufficient accuracy is expensive and requires a well-equipped chemical lab.

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Magnetic Metamaterial Amplifies MRI

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35120
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields and radio waves to create images of organs and tissues in the human body, helping doctors diagnose potential problems or diseases. Doctors use MRI to identify abnormalities or diseases in vital organs as well as many other types of body tissue, including the spinal cord and joints.

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Cancer Lab-on-a-Chip Enables Personalized Treatment

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35087
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A new generation of pathology labs mounted on chips is set to revolutionize the detection and treatment of cancer by using devices as thin as a human hair to analyze bodily fluids. The technology, known as microfluidics, promises inexpensive, portable devices that not only could enable widespread screening for early signs of cancer but also could help to develop personalized treatments for patients.

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Senior Virtual Assistant Mitigates Impact of Dementia and Delirium

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35090
Published 2019-09-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

An estimated 50 million people worldwide are living with dementia, resulting in more than $1 trillion each year in healthcare costs. Artificial emotional intelligence (AEI) technology developer BPU Holdings has been researching methods to reduce the complications associated with the disease. Its senior virtual assistant (SeVA) technology utilizes computer-simulated emotion to provide a new level of support for dementia patients to mitigate their pain. In doing so, the technology is expected to reduce treatment costs in the millions of dollars globally.

Miniature Robot Could Check Colons for Early Signs of Disease

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34976
Published 2019-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Engineers have shown it is technically possible to guide a tiny robotic capsule inside the colon to take micro-ultrasound images. Known as a Sonopill, the device could one day replace the need for patients to undergo an endoscopic examination, where a semi-rigid scope is passed into the bowel — an invasive procedure that can be painful.

Microneedles Extract Fluid for Wearable Sensors

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34916
Published 2019-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Interstitial fluid is clear, colorless, and similar to blood plasma. Continual sampling of important biomarkers in interstitial fluid could help monitor and diagnose many diseases and disorders. These markers include electrolytes — salts such as potassium and sodium that get out of balance during dehydration; glucose, a sugar that diabetics need to monitor constantly; and lactate, a potential marker of physical exhaustion or life-threatening sepsis.