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Advances in drilling Composites with PCD drills.

Facet Precision Tool GmbH-Jeremy Bunting, John Bunting
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0035
To be published on 2020-03-10 by SAE International in United States
The use of PCD drills for drilling stack ups of CFRP/Titanium is reviewed. The effect of improvements in PCD micro structure. cutting edge drill design, and coolant flow are documented with improvements in cycle time, hole quality, and and exit burrs.
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Tool wear analysis on drilling process of Inconel 718 superalloy

Federal University of Sao Carlos-Pedro Cabegi Barros, Gustavo Franco Barbosa, Carlos Eiji Hirata Ventura
OSG Sulamericana-Gustavo Roberto Santos
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0034
To be published on 2020-03-10 by SAE International in United States
The inconel 718 is an alloy based on nickel of high thermal and mechanical resistance, which allows its wide application in the aerospace industry, being generally implemented in aircraft tail cone and engine components. On the other hand, these features become a recurring problem when the machining of this material is performed. For example, in the drilling process of this superalloy, the cutting tools used exhibit excessive wear due to the high temperature and pressure at the cutting edge. However, there are numerous parameters that can influence the cutting tool life, and when analyzed and well defined, determine the types of modifications needed to enable less wear, and consequently an increase of its useful life in service. Given this context and knowing that the study of tool life in the inconel 718 drilling process is extremely relevant in the aerospace sector, this paper presents a wear study in order to evaluate the behavior of different types of cutting tools used to drill the Inconel 718. It was accomplished by the combination of different cutting parameters…
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Cutting Edge - Double Bevel Cross Sections

MTC1, Loaders, Crawlers, Scrapers and Mounted Attachments
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J738_202001
  • Current
Published 2020-01-15 by SAE International in United States

This standard is for cutting edge sections typically used in earth-moving machinery defined in SAE J1116 and ISO 6165:

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Influence of cutting fluid on reliability of threaded fastener joints

Atlas Copco Industrial Technique AB, Sickla Industrial 19, 1-Erik Persson
System and Component Design, Department of Machine Design, K-Mayank Kumar, Sergei Glavatskih
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2300
Published 2019-12-19 by SAE International in United States
This study reports on the effect of cutting fluids on friction behavior of the threaded fasteners. Underhead and thread friction are measured during tightening process of the hex-head threaded fasteners coated with different zinc-based coatings: electroplated zinc, zinc flake, and electroplated zinc nickel, commonly used in the automotive industry. The tests and data analysis are conducted considering ISO 16047 as a baseline. Test conditions are set close to the actual production conditions found in the motor vehicle industry. Water-based and ester-based cutting fluids are selected to unveil their impact on the reliability of the threaded fastener joints. It is shown that a change in the underhead interface conditions from dry to lubricated drastically reduces friction for the electroplated zinc and zinc nickel coatings.
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Experimental Study on Tool Wear and Cutting Temperature during Machining of Nimonic C-263 and Waspaloy Based on Taguchi Method and Response Surface Methodology

Sri Sairam Engineering College-Vetri Velmurugan Kannan
Vellore Institute of Technology-Venkatesan Kannan, Devendiran Sundararajan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Nickel based materials of Nimonic C-263 and Waspaloy are used nowadays for aerospace applications owing to its superior strength properties that are maintained at a higher temperature. Tool wear and cutting temperature in the vicinity of cutting edge are two essential machinability characteristics for any cutting tool. In this regard, this study is pursued to examine the influence of factors on measuring of tool wear (Vba) and cutting temperature (Ts) during dry machining of two alloys studied experimentally based on Taguchi method and response surface methodology. Taguchi’s L16 orthogonal array is used to design the experiment and a PVD (TiAlN), CVD (TiN/Al2O3/TiCN) coated carbide inserts are used on turning of two alloys. The factor effect on output responses are studied using analysis of variance, empirical models, and responses surface 3D plots. To minimize the response and to convert into one single optimum level, responses surface desirability function approach is applied. The results show that progress of flank wear associated with Waspaloy is faster that of Nimonic C-263 due to high cutting temperature for Waspaloy that…
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Multi Characteristics Optimization of Treated Drill Tool in Drilling Operation Key Process Parameter Using TOPSIS and ANOVA Technique

SRM Institute of Science and Technology-Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Aishik Banerjee, Avanti Kulkarni
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
To survive in the present global competitive world, the manufacturing sectors have been making use of various tools to achieve the high quality products at a comparatively cheaper price. Appropriate cutting set up must be used to further better the machinability of a work piece material. A longer life of the tools and equipment’s are important factors in any industry. Since the inception of the machine tool industry, cutting tool life and tool wear remain a subject of deep interest to study its failure and improvement. The present study finds out the optimum cutting results in drilling of AM60 magnesium alloy using different cryogenically treated cutting inserts. The Utility concept coupled with Taguchi with Multi response approach (TOPSIS) was employed. According to Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results, the feed was the major dominating factor followed by the cutting speed. This work deals with optimization approaches for the determination of the optimum process parameters by cryogenically treated drill HSS tools which minimizes surface roughness, torque, tool life, entry burr and tool cost, and maximizes material removal…
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Parameter Optimization during Minimum Quantity Lubrication Turning of Inconel 625 Alloy with CUO, Al2O3 and CNT Nanoparticles Dispersed Vegetable-Oil-Based Cutting Fluid

Vellore Institute of Technology-Venkatesan Kannan, Devendiran Sundararajan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Inconel 625, nickel based alloy, is found in gas turbine blades, seals, rings, shafts, and turbine disks. On the other hand, the manufacturing of this alloy is challenging, mainly when machining processes are used due to excellent mechanical properties. Application of nanofluids in minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) shows gaining importance in the machining process, which is economical and eco-friendly. The principal objective of this investigational work is to study the influence of three types of nanofluids in the MQL turning of Inconel 625 nickel based alloys. The used nanofluids are multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT), alumina (Al2O3) and copper oxide (CUO) dispersed in vegetable oil. Taguchi-based L27 orthogonal array is used for the experimental design. The parameter optimization of design variables over response is carried out by the use of Taguchi-based derringer's desirability function. The design variables are machining parameters (speed, feed), nanofluids (Al2O3, CNT, CUO), and three different weight percentage (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 wt. %). The results showed that minimum values of surface roughness could be achieved at 0.10 wt. % of nanoparticles, CNT…
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Function of Taguchi Grey Relation Analysis for Influencing the Process Parameter for Getting Better Product Quality and Minimize the Industrial Pollution by Coolants in Turning of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

SRM Institute Of Science And Technology-Sundar Singh Sivam Sundarlingam Paramasivam, Durai Kumaran, Krishnaswamy Saravanan, Raj Rajendran, Harish Sriram
Tishk International University-Ganesh Babu Loganathan
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Cutting liquids are important for cutting titanium. In spite of the fact that ventures are discovering routes that to cut titanium dry, the properties of this material reason imperative deterrents for doing this. It is sticky, has low Thermal conductivity, and highlights a low flash point. Thus, the chips don't divert the warmth, and the work will get sufficiently hot to touch off and consume. Cutting Fluids thwart the issue by greasing up the sting, flushing the chips away and cooling the work piece. To guarantee that the cutting liquid plays out these capacities well, titanium combinations lean toward cutting liquids conveyed at a high weight, generally inside the scope of 4,000 psi. to 7,000 psi. This thinks about reports the aftereffects of a Turning test led on the Ti- 6Al- 4V compound of the symmetrical exhibit with Grey relational analysis by Taguchi Method. Spotlights on the improvement of Turning process parameters utilizing the system to get least surface Roughness (Ra), Maximum MRR, Min Tool Wear and Thrust Force with Minimum Industrial pollutants like coolant.…
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Fabrication and Machinability Study of Al2219 Metal Matrix Composites Reinforced with SiN/MoS2 Nanoparticles

Sri Sairam Engineering College-Vetri Velmurugan Kannan
Vellore Institute of Technology-Venkatesan Kannan, Devendiran Sundararajan, Akshay Seth, Navya Sood, Aditya Babu
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Composites materials are substituting constituents for traditional materials due to their remarkable properties, and the addition of nanoparticles gives a new development in the material domain. The nanoparticles influence on fabrication and machinability investigation study is essential as the composites to be used in applications like automotive and aerospace. The current study investigates the machinability characteristics of Al2219 based metal composites reinforced with nanoparticles of SiN/MoS2. Al2219- reinforcements (SiN and MoS2) composites are fabricated by the method of stir casting. Four different compositions (Al2219/SiN (2 wt% and 4 wt%), , Al2219/2 wt.% SiN/ 2 wt.% MoS2, Al2219/2 wt.% MoS2) are fabricated by varying the different weight percentages of nanoparticles reinforcements. An attempt is made to study the investigation analysis of force, surface roughness, and tool wear using CNC machine lathe to consider the effect of cutting speed, cutting depth, and samples. The machinability test is carried out, and the performance is compared. Addition of 2 wt% of SiN in Al2219 is to increase the hardness of nearly about 21%, 14%, 40% compared to that of…
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A Comparative Tribological Performance of Lubricating Oils with Zinc Dialkyl Dithiophosphate and Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles as Additives

Archit Bimal Shah, Karan Kothari
Vellore Institute of Technology-Anil Payyappalli Mana
Published 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
The present work compares the tribological properties of ZnO (Zinc Oxide) nanoparticle based lubricant with ZDDP (zinc dialkyl dithiophosphate) based lubricant. The nanolubricant was prepared by mixing the nanoparticles in base oil followed by ultrasonification and ZDDP based lubricant was prepared by mixing ZDDP and stirring with base oil. Base oil used was mineral base oil. Both the lubricants were tested at three different temperatures, loads and roughness values. The test was carried out on AISI 52100 steel samples prepared by wire cutting and were grinded to three different levels of surface roughness. Friction and wear tests were performed using a reciprocating sliding tribo-tester at three different loads and temperatures. Taguchi orthogonal array was used to reduce the number of experiments. SEM, EDS and AFM analysis were carried out to study the surface wear phenomenon. The coefficient of friction was found to be low in the case of ZnO nanolubricant but wear was found to be high compared to ZDDP based lubricant.
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