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Off-Vehicle Brake Testing for Service Brakes Over 10000 Pounds GVW Air, Hydraulic, and Mechanical Actuation

Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2806_201901
  • Current
Published 2019-01-14 by SAE International in United States
Subject document is specifically intended for service brakes and service brakes when used for parking and/or emergency brakes (only) that are commonly used for automotive-type, ground-wheeled vehicles exceeding 4536 kg (10000 pounds) gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). Subject specification provides the off-vehicle procedures, methods, and processes used to objectively determine suitability of tactical and combat ground-wheeled vehicle brake systems and selected secondary-item brake components (aka, aftermarket or spare parts), including brake “block” for commercial applications only, specifically identified within subject document. Subject specification is primarily based on known industry and military test standards utilizing brake inertia dynamometers. Targeted vehicles and components include, but may not be limited to, the following: a Civilian, commercial, military, and militarized-commercial ground-wheeled vehicles such cargo trucks, vocational vehicles, truck tractors, trailers, and specialized support and engineering equipment under the generic heading of ground vehicle “dry” brake systems (GVDBS). b Hydraulic, air, and mechanical “dry” disc brake and drum brake systems, when used as service brakes, including service brakes (only), when used as emergency and/or parking brakes. c Hydraulic, air, and…
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Brake Pads, Lining, Disc, and Drum Wear Measurements

Brake Dynamometer Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2986_201901
  • Current
Published 2019-01-07 by SAE International in United States
This Recommended Practice provides a common method to measure wear of friction materials (brake pad assemblies and brake shoes) and their mating parts (brake disc or brake drum). These wear measurements apply to brakes fitted on passenger cars and light trucks up to 4536 kg of Gross Vehicle Weight Rating under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS), or vehicles category M1 (passenger cars up to nine occupants, including the driver) under the European Community’s ECE Regulations.
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FMVSS 105 Inertia Brake Dynamometer Test Procedure for Vehicles Above 4540 kg GVWR

Truck and Bus Hydraulic Brake Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2684_201812
  • Current
Published 2018-12-05 by SAE International in United States
This Recommended Practice is derived from the FMVSS 105 vehicle test and applies to two-axle multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, and buses with a GVWR above 4540 kg (10000 pounds) equipped with hydraulic service brakes. There are two main test sequences: Development Test Sequence for generic test conditions when not all information is available or when an assessment of brake output at different inputs are required, and FMVSS Test Sequence when vehicle parameters for brake pressure as a function of brake pedal input force and vehicle-specific loading and brake distribution are available. The test sequences are derived from the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 105 (and 121 for optional sections) as single-ended inertia-dynamometer test procedures when using the appropriate brake hardware and test parameters. This recommended practice provides Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), brake and component manufacturers, as well as aftermarket suppliers, results related to brake output, friction material effectiveness, and corner performance in a laboratory-controlled test environment. The test sequences include different dynamic conditions (braking speeds, temperature, and braking history as outlined in the FMVSS 105);…
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High-Preload Deflection and Compressibility Test Procedures for Friction Materials

Brake Linings Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2468_201811
  • Current
Published 2018-11-12 by SAE International in United States
This standard specifies a method for testing and measuring the deflection of friction materials assemblies and compressibility of friction materials. This standard applies to disc brake pad assemblies and its coupons or segments, brake shoe lining and its coupons or segments, and brake blocks segments used in road vehicles. This SAE test method is consistent in intent with the ISO 6310 and the JIS 4413.
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Test Procedures for Shear Strength of Automotive Brake Pads and Brake Lining Assemblies

Brake Linings Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J840_201711
  • Current
Published 2017-11-15 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice covers equipment capabilities and the test procedure to quantify and qualify the shear strength between the friction material and backing plate or brake shoe for automotive applications. This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to: bonded drum brake linings; integrally molded disc brake pads; disc brake pads and backing plate assemblies using mechanical retention systems (MRS); coupons from drum brake shoes or disc brake pad assemblies. The test and its results are also useful for short, semi-quantitative verification of the bonding and molding process. This Recommended Practice is applicable during product and process development, product verification and quality control. This Recommended Practice does not replicate or predict actual vehicle performance or part durability.
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Inertia-dynamometer Disc Brake Drag Measurement Test Procedure for Vehicles Less Than 4540 kg GVWR

Brake Dynamometer Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J2923_201605
  • Current
Published 2016-05-12 by SAE International in United States
This Recommended Practice applies to on-road vehicles with a GVWR below 4540 kg equipped with disc brakes.
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Effects of ‘Black Steel’ and its Contribution to Premature Brake Pad Replacement and Brake Pad Failure

NUCAP Industries Inc.-Scott Lambert
Published 2015-09-27 by SAE International in United States
The Global Brake Safety Council sees an increase in disc brake pads that are prematurely replaced before the end of the friction lining life cycle, due to: 1Rust related issues such as separation of friction lining from the disc brake shoe2Fluctuation in critical dimensions.A leading cause for both issues is the use of mill scale steel, or ‘black steel’ (non-pickled and oiled). In the North American aftermarket, as there are little or no steel specifications for disc brake shoes, black steel is increasingly used.GBSC conducted research of discarded disc brake pads from job-shops and engaged in discussions with metallurgists, major pad manufacturers and OE brake foundation engineers to identify root causes of premature pad replacement and the effects of black steel used for disc brake shoe manufacturing.Mill scale is embedded in and around the bond line of the friction lining and the disc brake shoe, causing a weaker bond, susceptible to rust jacking. These oxides are also painted over after the pad is assembled, compromising paint adhesion.Manufacturers using black steel shot blast the disc brake…
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Low-duty Inertia Dynamometer Hydraulic Brake Wear Test Procedures for Vehicles Above 4536 kg (10 000 lb) of GVWR

Truck and Bus Hydraulic Brake Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J3006_201410
  • Current
Published 2014-10-21 by SAE International in United States
This Recommended Practice is derived from OEM and tier-1 laboratory tests and applies to two-axle multipurpose passenger vehicles, or trucks with a GVWR above 4536 kg (10 000 pounds) equipped with hydraulic disc or drum service brakes. Before conducting testing for a specific brake sizes or under specific test conditions, review, agree upon, and document with the test requestor any deviations from the test procedure. Also, the applicable criteria for the final test results and wear rates deemed as significantly different require definition, assessment, and proper documentation; especially as this will determine whether or not Method B testing is needed. This Recommended Practice does not evaluate or quantify other brake system characteristics such as performance, noise, judder, ABS performance, or braking under extreme temperatures or speeds. Minimum performance requirements are not part of this recommended practice. Consistency and margin of pass/fail of the minimum requirements related to wear rates and wear behavior can be assessed as part of the project in coordination with the test requestor. NOTE: This Recommended Practice uses the unit conversion and…
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Brake System Road Test Code – Motorcycles

Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J108_201312
  • Current
Published 2013-12-20 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a uniform procedure for the level road test of the brake systems of all classes of motorcycles intended for highway use.
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Hydraulic Wheel Cylinders for Automotive Drum Brakes

Hydraulic Brake Components Standards Committee
  • Ground Vehicle Standard
  • J101_201307
  • Current
Published 2013-07-09 by SAE International in United States
This document specifies minimum performance and durability requirements for satisfactory vehicle usage, and it is applicable to wheel cylinder assemblies from commercial production, after production shipment, shelf storage, and remanufacture (factory rebuild).
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