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Magazine

Biologically Inspired Artificial Skin Improves Sensory Ability of Robots

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35611
Published 2019-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Inspired by human skin, a system was developed that combines artificial skin with control algorithms. The system was used to create the first autonomous humanoid robot with full-body artificial skin.

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Electrification System Modeling with Machine/Deep Learning for Virtual Drive Quality Prediction

General Motors Technical Center India-Brijesh Borkar, John Bosco Maria Francis, Pankaj Arora
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2418
Published 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
A virtual 'model' is generally a mathematical surrogate of a physical system and when well correlated, serves as a basis for understanding the physical system in part or in entirety. Drive Quality (DQ) defines a driver's 'experience' of a blend of controlled responses to an applied input. The 'experience' encompasses physical, biological and bio- chemical perception of vehicular motion by the human body. In the automotive domain, many physical modeling tools are used to model the sub-components and its integration at the system level. Physical Modeling requires high domain expertise and is not only time consuming but is also very 'compute-resource' intensive. In the path to achieving 'vDQP (Virtual Drive Quality Prediction)' goal, one of the requirements is to establish 'well-correlated' virtual environments of high fidelity with respect to standard test maneuvers. This helps in advancing many developmental activities from a Analysis, Controls and Calibration standpoint. Recently, machine/deep learning have proven to be very effective in pattern recognition, classification tasks and human-level control to model highly nonlinear real world systems. This paper investigates the effectiveness…
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Scientists Create Pancreas on a Chip

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35497
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

By combining two powerful technologies, scientists are taking diabetes research to a whole new level. In a study led by Harvard University’s Kevin Kit Parker and published in the journal Lab on a Chip, microfluidics and human, insulin-producing beta cells have been integrated in an islet-on-a-chip. The new device makes it easier for scientists to screen insulin-producing cells before transplanting them into a patient, test insulin-stimulating compounds, and study the fundamental biology of diabetes.

Implantables to Augment Missing Body Tissue

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35509
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Kanfit3D has entered into a joint research partnership with the University of Brescia (Italy). The project will develop unique implantable structures, using additive layer manufacturing (ALM) technologies, for replacing or augmenting missing body tissue with customized surface treatments for improved osseointegration to achieve a better biological response within a reduced healing time.

Flying Robot Mimics Rapid Insect Flight

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35433
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Flying animals both power and control flight by flapping their wings. This enables small natural flyers such as insects to hover close to a flower but also to rapidly escape danger. Animal flight has always drawn the attention of biologists, who not only study their complex wing motion patterns and aerodynamics but also their sensory and neuro-motor systems during such agile maneuvers. Recently, flying animals have also become a source of inspiration for robotics researchers, who try to develop lightweight flying robots that are agile, power-efficient, and even scalable to insect sizes.

Using Simulation to Evaluate Laser Treatment Methods for Eye Tumors

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35496
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Computational methods are not widely used in practical medicine, mainly because it is difficult to model specific medical procedures and their effects on the human organism and methods of treatment tend to be conservative. However, new methods to treat cancer using radiology and laser radiation are emerging at a rapid rate.

The 6 Most Important Parts of a Temperature Monitoring System

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35462
Published 2019-11-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

In the past few years, it has become increasingly common for hospitals, clinics, healthcare and life science organizations, and other businesses to use an electronic temperature monitoring system to safeguard their products and satisfy regulatory demands. You may know that you need a monitoring system, possibly with alarming capabilities, but aren't sure how to select the best one to meet your needs. To complicate matters, there are literally dozens of different types of temperature monitoring systems with different features and a wide range of prices.

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Enhancing Flight Path Separation to Reduce Bird Strikes with Ultraviolet Radiation

SAE International Journal of Aerospace

Lite Enterprises, USA-Donald J. Ronning
  • Journal Article
  • 01-12-02-0005
Published 2019-10-29 by SAE International in United States
In the autumn of 2018, a pilot study using a prototype (PAR46 size) landing light that incorporated ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UVLEDs) was attached on a one-quarter scale remote controlled (RC) plane. The plane was flown in the direction of birds to measure their behavioral response to the approaching plane with landing lights either turned ON or OFF. Data were collected from multiple sources including cameras on the plane and the ground and a bird radar unit to measure the flight path separation between the plane and the birds. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using UVLEDs integrated into a PAR46 landing light to trigger bird avoidance behavioral responses that would increase flight path separation to reduce the incidence of bird strikes. The findings showed the mean distance of the avoidance response was statistically significantly greater when the PAR46 landing light with UVLEDs was turned ON versus OFF. Field test data were used to create a three-variable model based upon recent neuroscience research corresponding to visual image capture, retinal neural…
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Dynamic Microstructures Move by Light and Temperature

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35270
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

3D printing via direct laser writing involves a computer-controlled focused laser beam that acts as a pen and creates the desired structure in the printer ink — a photoresist. In this way, any three-dimensional form down to the size of a few micrometers can be created.

Rose-Inspired Device Collects and Purifies Water

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-35276
Published 2019-10-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

A new device, inspired by a rose, inexpensively collects and purifies water. The device is a new approach to solar steaming for water production — a technique that uses energy from sunlight to separate salt and other impurities from water through evaporation.