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Comparative Experimental Investigation of Thumba and Argemone oil Based Dual Fuel Blend in a Diesel Engine for its Performance and Emission Characteristics

Lovely Professional University-Sumit Kanchan
University of Kashmir-Shahid Qayoom
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2375
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
An experimental investigation was conducted to explore the possibility of using the Thumba oil (Citrullus Colocyntis) and Argemone Mexicana (non-edible and adulterer to mustard oil) as a dual fuel blend with diesel as an alternative of using pure diesel for its performance and emission characteristics. The work was carried on a single cylinder, four strokes, In-line overhead valve, direct injection compression ignition engine. The argemone and thumba biodiesel were produced using the transesterification process and thereafter the important physio-chemical properties of produced blends were investigated. Four dual biodiesel blends like ATB10 (5% Argemone, 5% Thumba and 90% Diesel), ATB20, ATB30 and ATB40 were prepared for investigation process. The operating conditions adopted for the study was the entire range of engine loads and speed (1000-1500 r/min) keeping the injection pressure and injection timing at the OEM settings. In this exertion, performance and emission parameters were evaluated. The performance parameters like brake thermal efficiency (BTE), indicated power, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), brake mean effective pressure, indicated mean effective pressure and indicated thermal efficiency were studied and…
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Bio diesel-an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel.

Tata Technologies Ltd-Gaurav Soni, Aashish Bhargava
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2385
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Currently Automotive industry is looking for sustainable alternate of Conventional fuels. Bio diesel is an alternative fuel similar to conventional or ‘fossil’ diesel. It is produced from vegetable oil, animal fats, tallow and waste cooking oil. Bio diesel is one of the most promising fuel which can not only replace the conventional fuels but also environment friendly in terms of Greenhouse gases emission. Bio diesel can be produced from various sources and can be sustainable fuel for automotive vehicles. In this paper, efforts have been taken to convert existing Diesel engine into Bio diesel compliant engine. For making suitable for Biodiesel operation, modification in Engine Fuel system, filter and Sealing were carried out. Further Engine performance and emission testing were done and results were compared with performance and emission of same configuration Diesel engine.
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EMISSION REDUCTION OF A DIESEL ENGINE FUELED WITH BLENDS OF BIOFUEL UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF 1,4-DIOXANE AND RICE HUSK NANO PARTICLE.

Delphi TVS, Chennai.-Santiago josan
Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai-Mebin Samuel P, Devaradjane G PhD
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2387
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Research Objectives. In this modern era increase in Pollution became a huge impact in the lives of all living creatures, in this automobile tends to be one of the major contributors in terms of air pollution thanks to their exhaust emissions. The objective of the present study is to reduce the amount of harmful pollutants emitted from the automobiles by the utilization of a biofuel further influenced by two additives (liquid and a Nano additive). Methodology In this study, first the bio oil is extracted, Then the biofuel is mixed with diesel fuel at different proportions of 20%, 40% by volume. Experiments are carried out in a direct injection compression ignition engine, which is a stationary test engine manufactured by Kirloskar, connected to a computer setup. The emission values in the exhaust gases are obtained using AVL exhaust gas analyzer. Then 0.1% of rice husk nano additive is added with the fuel blend followed by 3%, 6% of 1,4-Dioxane blended with the previous blend and its performance (BTE, BSFC) and emission (HC, CO, CO2, NOx,…
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Optimization of Bio-diesel fuel filter Size media and configuration for longer service interval .

Tata Technologies Ltd-Aashish Bhargava, Sujit Gavade
gauravsoni-Gaurav Soni
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2391
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Bio diesel is one of the most promising fuel which can not only replace the conventional fuels but also environment friendly in terms of Greenhouse gases emission. Adaptation of Bio diesel comes with reduced maintainability and high maintenance cost. Blends of biodiesel and conventional diesel are most commonly used in automotive diesel engines. Biodiesel is most popular choice as an alternate fuel of fossil diesel due to its easy availability, eco-friendly nature and minimum change in existing diesel engine for retro fitment. In this paper efforts have been taken to optimize the life of Fuel filter for bio diesel application. For improving Fuel filter life, modifications carried out in Fuel filter media, size and configuration. Further, Fuel filter tested on Engine test bed and Vehicle to establish the life of filter in real world usage condition. Testing Results were compared with existing diesel fuel filter.
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Prospects of Bio Diesel and blends as a fuel supplement for diesel engines.

Manav Rachna International University-Gurpreet Singh Matharou
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2393
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Biodiesel can supplement petroleum product as a "perfect vitality source". It can ensure nature by diminishing CO2, SO2, CO, HC emission to an extent. The carbon cycle of Biodiesel is dynamic through the photosynthesis procedure .Plants ingest CO2, or, in other words those released by the biodiesel ignition process. Utilizing biodiesel can all the more adequately lessen the outflow of CO2, secure the indigenous habitat and keep up the environmental equalization, contrasted with the utilization of petroleum product. This paper considers the issues and gives understanding on the utilization of bio diesel in existing passenger vehicles which runs on diesel as a fuel. Because of increment in use of non-renewable energy sources viz., petroleum products are on an exponential decline. Today we have an option of electric vehicle or fuel cell based vehicles but what about the existing infrastructures of Billions of vehicles plying on Indian road. Bio diesel as a fuel solves this issue. Biodiesel and its blends such as B20, B40 etc can be used as a supplement of diesel.
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Assessing the Combined Outcome of Rice Husk Nano Additive and Water Injection Method on the Performance, Emission and Combustion Characters of the Low Viscous Pine Oil in a Diesel Engine

Anna University Chennai-Mebin Samuel P, Devaradjane Gobalakichenin
University College of Engineering Villupuram-Gnanamoorthi V
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2604
To be published on 2019-10-22 by SAE International in United States
The research work intends to assess the need and improvement of using a low viscous bio oil, RH (Rice Husk) Nano Particles and water injection method in enhancing the performance, emission and combustion characters of a diesel engine. One of the major setbacks for using biodiesel was its higher viscosity. Hence, a low viscous oil (Pine oil) which doesn’t need transesterification process was used as a biofuel in this study. To further improve its characteristics a non-metallic Nano additive produced from rice husk was added at 3 proportions (50, 100, 200 ppm) and the optimal quantity was found as 100ppm based on the BTE (brake thermal efficiency) value of 30.2% at peak load condition. This efficiency value was accompanied by a considerable decrease in pollutants like HC (Hydrocarbon), Smoke, CO (Carbon monoxide). On the contrary NOx (Oxides of Nitrogen) emission was found to be increased for all load values. At peak load, when compared with diesel, pine oil with RH has 19.2% increased NOx emission. To reduce this increased NOx emission, water was injected along…
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Influence of Addition of Ethanol into Non-Edible Biodiesel from Rice Bran Oil on the Properties and Performance - An Experimental Study in Direct Injection VCR Diesel Engine

Hindustan Institute Of Tech. Science-Prabakaran Balasubramanian, Padmanaba Sundar Shanmuga Sundaram, Hemakumar Manoharan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0160
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Non-edible oil biodiesels and alcohols are the two major liquid fuel sources available to replace diesel to fuel compression ignition engine. This study is to investigate the solubility, properties and performance of biodiesel from non-edible rice bran oil and ethanol. Solubility test was conducted in three different temperatures 50C, 150C& room temperature (300C approximately). The stable blends were tested for essential properties such as energy content, cetane number, kinematic viscosity, heat of vaporisation, flash point and oxygen content as per ASTM standards. Biodiesel- ethanol blends containing 30% of ethanol was found stable up to 50C. This blend also met the minimum requirement with respect to properties to fuel compression ignition engine. These blends were tested in compression ignition engine for performance, combustion and emission characteristics in various load conditions under two compression ratios (17,1 & 18,1). Results showed that the compression ratio 18:1 was found suitable for the optimal blend. This blend produced brake thermal efficiency, peak incylinder pressure, peak heat release rate, hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and smoke similar to that of diesel. However, ignition…
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Effects of Dual Biodiesel on a LHR-DI Diesel Engine Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics

MLR Institute of Technology-Sivakumar Ellappan
University College Of Engineering-Silambarasan Rajendran
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0176
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
Importance of this investigation is 100% biodiesel make use as fuel for low heat rejection diesel engine. Due to this reason bio-fuels namely, eucalyptus oil along with paradise oil be selected and utilized as dual fuel. Conventional engine hardware parts were coated with lanthana-doped yttria-stabilized zirconia (the doping of YSZ coatings with small amount of La2O3) with a thickness of 300 μm, so as to analyses the operating parameters of paradise oil-eucalyptus oil blends. Tests run were replicated on the conventional diesel engine and outcomes were compared. Test outcomes confirmed that the major intention of this research was attained as engine operating parameters like, brake thermal efficiency, exhaust gas temperature were increase with decrease of fuel consumption. In addition, engine emissions of HC, CO and smoke were reduced with exception of NOx for LHR diesel engine than conventional engine.
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Characteristics Investigation on Di Diesel Engine with Nano-Particles as an Additive in Lemon Grass Oil

Mepco Schlenk Engineering College-Dhinesh Balasubramanian
Sri Krishna College of Enggineering and Technology-Karthickeyan Viswanathan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-0081
To be published on 2019-10-11 by SAE International in United States
In this experimental study, combustion, performance & emission characteristics of a single cylinder D.I. diesel engine is analyzed using lemon grass oil and diesel blend B20. The alumina (Al2O3) nano-particles of 10, 20 and 30 parts per million (B20A10, B20A20, B20A30) are assorted with prepared fuel blend through an ultrasonicator which would help to fetch an unvarying suspension of nano-particles over the blend fuel. SEM analysis and X-ray diffraction have been done for the alumina nano-particles to test the size of the particles that are blended to the bio-fuel blends. The chemical reactivity and rate of mixing are better though the characteristics of nano-particles exhibit high exterior area/capacity ratio during combustion that ultimately results in good characteristics of a diesel engine. Among test fuels, B20A20 shows healthier performance both in relationships of efficiency & emissions such as Nitrous oxide (NOx), hydrocarbon (HC), Carbon monoxide (CO), and Smoke. The ŋBTE for fuel B20A20 is significantly improved by 11.5% when it is compared to the fuel B100. The HC emission is decreased by 40%, CO emission reduced…
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1D Modeling of Alternative Fuels Spray in a Compression Ignition Engine Using Injection Rate Shaping Strategy

Istituto Motori CNR-Ezio Mancaruso, Luigi Sequino
Univ.di Napoli Parthenope, Ist.Mot.CNR-Carmela Perozziello
Published 2019-09-09 by SAE International in United States
The Injection Rate Shaping consists in a novel injection strategy to control air-fuel mixing quality via a suitable variation of injection timing that affects the injection rate profile. This strategy has already provided to be useful to increase combustion efficiency and reduce pollutant emissions in the modern compression ignition engines fed with fossil Diesel fuel. But nowadays, the ever more rigorous emission targets are enhancing a search for alternative fuels and/or new blends to replace conventional ones, leading, in turn, a change in the air-fuel mixture formation.In this work, a 1D model of spray injection aims to investigate the combined effects of both Injection Rate Shaping and alternative fuels on the air-fuel mixture formation in a compression ignition engine. In a first step, a ready-made model for conventional injection strategies has been set up for the Injection Rate Shaping. Experimental data collected in an optical single-cylinder compression ignition research engine via the 2D visible and infrared advanced diagnostic techniques have been used to validate the model. Commercial Diesel fuel has been used. Afterward, two parameters…
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