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Heat Transfer Enhancement in Stagnation Region of Aero-Engine Inlet Vanes due to Ejection Slot and Anisotropic Heat Conduction

AECC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co., Ltd-Kun Yang, Hongkui Zhou
Beihang University-Peng Ke, Jie Liu, Lukas Schaeflein
Published 2019-06-10 by SAE International in United States
Ice protection is important for aero-engine induction system, such as the inlet vanes. For the ice protection of such parts manufactured with low thermal conductivity polymer-based composite material, the combined heating method using interior jet impingement and exterior ejection film has certain advantages. The simulation model coupling CFD with solid heat conduction was developed and solved with the anisotropic thermal conductivities model to investigate the heat transfer enhancement in the stagnation region of aero-engine inlet vanes due to ejection slot and anisotropic heat conduction, which is related to the curved geometry, ejection slots and anisotropic heat conduction.The temperature distribution and heat flux ratio between the stagnation region on outside surface and the impingement region inside were calculated and analyzed for the configuration with different ejection angle and different materials. The results show that ejection slots and anisotropic heat conduction plays important roles of the heat transfer process. For the same ejection angles, the larger the thermal conductivity, the higher the temperature at stagnation point and the better ice protection. For the same material property, the…
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Vibro-Acoustic Analysis for Modeling Propeller Shaft Liner Material

General Motors-Rajith R. Jayaratne, Yu Liu, Mark Gehringer, Jeff Rayce, Wallace Hill
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
In recent truck applications, single-piece large-diameter propshafts, in lieu of two-piece propshafts, have become more prevalent to reduce cost and mass. These large-diameter props, however, amplify driveline radiated noise. The challenge presented is to optimize prop shaft modal tuning to achieve acceptable radiated noise levels. Historically, CAE methods and capabilities have not been able to accurately predict propshaft airborne noise making it impossible to cascade subsystem noise requirements needed to achieve desired vehicle level performance. As a result, late and costly changes can be needed to make a given vehicle commercially acceptable for N&V performance prior to launch.This paper will cover the development of a two-step CAE method to predict modal characteristics and airborne noise sensitivities of large-diameter single piece aluminum propshafts fitted with different liner treatments. The first step is the use of a traditional CAE software to calculate prop surface response. The second step is a boundary element simulation to calculate prop surface radiated noise under the excitation obtained from the first step. Finally, acceleration and acoustic test data are presented to assess…
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Experimental Study of Acoustic and Thermal Performance of Sound Absorbers with Microperforated Aluminum Foil

General Motors-Gang Glenn Yin, Alan Parrett, Timothy J. Roggenkamp
General Motors De Mexico S de R L de CV-Felipe G. Salazar Prieto
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Aluminum foil applied to the surface of sound absorbing materials has broad application in the automotive industry. A foil layer offers thermal insulation for components close to exhaust pipes, turbo chargers, and other heat sources in the engine compartment and underbody. It can also add physical protection for acoustic parts in water-splash or stone-impingement areas of the vehicle exterior. It is known that adding impermeable plain foil will impact the sound absorption negatively, so Microperforated Aluminum Foil (MPAF) is widely used to counteract this effect. Acoustic characteristics of MPAF can be modeled analytically, but deviation of perforation size and shape, variation of hole density, material compression, and adhesive applied to the back of the foil for the molding process can impact the acoustic and thermal insulation performance. Because we cannot rely on analytical tools to generate accurate performance of these materials in a production environment, this paper will focus on the acoustic and thermal experimental characterization of these materials. Studies were conducted on flat test samples which have commonly used MPAF applied to the top…
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Equivalent Material Properties of Multi-Layer, Lightweight, High-Performance Damping Material and Its Performance in Applications

3M Company-Taewook Yoo, Ronald Gerdes, Seungkyu Lee, Thomas Herdtle
3M Deutschland GmbH-Georg Eichhorn
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
In this study, we investigated two aspects of a multi-layer, lightweight damping treatment. The first aspect studied was an equivalent material property estimate for a simplified finite element (FE) model. The simplified model is needed for computational efficiency, i.e. so that Tier 1 and OEM users can represent this complex, multi-layer treatment as a single, isotropic solid layer plus an aluminum constraining layer. Therefore, the use of this simplified FE model allows the multilayer treatment to be included in large body-in-white structural models. An equivalent material property was identified by first representing three unique layers (two adhesive layers plus a connecting standoff layer) by a single row of isotropic solid elements, then an optimization tool was used to determine the “best fit” for two properties including Young’s modulus and material loss factor. Equivalent properties were validated for various substrate thickness and coverage areas heights by comparison to center-driven long bar test results.Secondly, the effect of damping treatment size was studied using the previously identified equivalent material properties. This was a damper placement study to determine…
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Rethinking aluminum for NVH abatement

Automotive Engineering: June 2019

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP06_01
Published 2019-06-01 by SAE International in United States

Engineers, abandon those mastics! New “quiet” materials solutions are at hand.

Engineers who have witnessed aluminum-intensive vehicles being “uncloaked” in a full competitive teardown relate the same story: After you've pulled the carpet out and stripped it down to the naked bodyshell, the “band-aids” are clearly exposed-typically on the floorpan, bulkheads, on the rear package tray of sedans, around the wheelhouses, and within the noise-critical dash panel and cowl plenum.

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SUPPLIER EYE

Automotive Engineering: June 2019

  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP06_09
Published 2019-06-01 by SAE International in United States

Those playing in the global automotive field have to keep their eyes on various new ‘curve balls’ that are winding their way toward home plate. Among them are the ever-present trade ‘discussions’ surrounding the U.S.-China relationship, steel and aluminum tariffs and the ongoing instability of Brexit. Behind the scenes, however, another potentially more impactful force is building that will invariably alter the industry's trajectory: China's emergence as a major manufacturing base.

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Generating Electrical Power from Waste Heat

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-34611
Published 2019-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States

Directly converting electrical power to heat is easy; however, converting heat into electrical power is not as easy. To address this issue, a tiny silicon-based device was developed that can harness what was previously called waste heat and turn it into DC power. The device could be used as a compact infrared power supply that could replace radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) that are used for such tasks as powering sensors for space missions that don’t get enough direct sunlight to power solar panels. The device is made of common and abundant materials such as aluminum, silicon, and silicon dioxide — or glass — combined in uncommon ways.

 
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A Review on Electromagnetic Sheet Metal Forming of Continuum Sheet Metals

SAE International Journal of Materials and Manufacturing

Vellore Institute of Technology, India-Nilesh Satonkar, Venkatachalam Gopalan
  • Journal Article
  • 05-12-02-0010
Published 2019-05-29 by SAE International in United States
Electromagnetic forming (EMF) is a high-speed impulse forming process developed during the 1950s and 1960s to acquire shapes from sheet metal that could not be obtained using conventional forming techniques. In order to attain required deformation, EMF process applies high Lorentz force for a very short duration of time. Due to the ability to form aluminum and other low-formability materials, the use of EMF of sheet metal for automobile parts has been rising in recent years. This review gives an inclusive survey of historical progress in EMF of continuum sheet metals. Also, the EMF is reviewed based on analytical approach, finite element method (FEM) simulation-based approach and experimental approach, on formability of the metals.
 

The economics of materials selection

Automotive Engineering: May 2019

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP05_02
Published 2019-05-01 by SAE International in United States

Cost per pound of reduced vehicle mass is helping to drive innovation in steel, aluminum and carbon composites.

“We've entered an era where true weight reductions in vehicles are occurring,” noted Dr. Alan Taub, professor of Material Science & Engineering at the University of Michigan. “There is no new vehicle launch that doesn't talk about a 5-10 percent reduction in curb weight because it's now clearly a part of fuel economy. And while the gains are still coming from powertrain improvements and the introduction of partial and full electrification, about 15 percent of fuel-economy improvements today come from vehicle weight reduction.” His rule of thumb: Decreasing vehicle weight by 10% yields a 6% improvement in fuel economy.

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Aluminum: Toward 50% body content

Automotive Engineering: May 2019

Lindsay Brooke
  • Magazine Article
  • 19AUTP05_04
Published 2019-05-01 by SAE International in United States

Aluminum BIW and closure parts are the key to achieving both regulatory and OEM goals for improved vehicle efficiency going forward.

To vehicle-development teams, peaceful coexistence is the 2020's way of describing the relationship between steel and aluminum. Sure, the two giant materials industries will continue their battle to conquest one another's market share. But for vehicle planners and program-development teams, the ferrous and light metals are an increasingly effective and popular combination. As experts Dr. Alan Taub and Michael Robinet have noted elsewhere in this issue, the mixed-materials trend is becoming an enduring one, as evidenced across the landscape of recent new-vehicle introductions.

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