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Analysis of Single-Vehicle Accidents in Japan Involving Elderly Drivers

  • National Traffic Safety & Enviro Lab. - Kazumoto Morita, Michiaki Sekine
  • Journal Article
  • 09-06-01-0002
Published 2018-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The Japanese population is aging rapidly, raising the number of traffic accidents involving elderly drivers. In Japan, single-vehicle accidents are a serious problem because they often result in fatalities. We analyzed these accidents by vehicle type, age group, and driving area. To examine the risk of accidents of the elderly drivers, their driving frequency needs to be considered, which is less. Moreover, it is difficult to know the actual distance driven by them. Therefore, in this article, based on the assumption that the number of rear-end collisions is a proxy for the traffic volume, we used the number of such collisions as a control for the driving frequency. It was found that in single-vehicle accidents, elderly drivers were at higher risk than other age groups, especially when driving light motor vehicles (K-type vehicles) in non-urban areas. A possible explanation is the higher frequency with which the elderly drive K-type vehicles in areas where there are few other vehicles on the road.

Automating Personal Safety with Wearable Smart Jewelry

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-29012
Published 2018-06-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States
A major challenge to assault prevention is that during an assault, victims often do not have an easily accessible way to call for help. Whether calling 911 or using an emergency alert app or device, the user has to press a button in order to call for help. That is often not possible while a violent act is taking place or if a person is unconscious as a result of the assault.

HANDHELD AND WEARABLE DEVICES: Paving a New Path for Healthcare

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-28920
Published 2018-05-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States
Technology is transforming many aspects of the healthcare industry, and the patient care experience is an important facet of the healthcare ecosystem. With the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT) and adoption of health-focused wearables, patient care technology has become increasingly complex while at the same time allowing for greater efficiency. As IoT adoption has grown exponentially across the consumer and business landscape, these new technological solutions are being adapted to help those seeking better medical care take a proactive role in their health and overall well-being. These new devices are making healthcare more efficient while enabling an improved patient experience.

Development of a Real-Time Stroke Detection System for Elderly Drivers Using Quad-Chamber Air Cushion and IoT Devices

  • Korea Research Institute of Standards & Science - Se Jin Park, Seunghee Hong, Damee Kim, Young Seo, Iqram Hussain
  • Daewon Precision - Jae Hun Hur, Woojae Jin
Published 2018-04-03 by SAE International in United States
IoT (Internet of things) is considered most innovative technology in smart healthcare monitoring system which is able to show real-time physiological parameters feed data to web cloud, analysis using machine learning, artificial intelligence and big data. Stroke is most deadly diseases and real-time monitoring is desired to detect stroke onset during regular activities. The aim of our study is to develop a Real-time health monitoring system for elderly drivers using air cushion seat and IoT devices in order to detect stroke onset during driving. We have also made a prototype of brain stroke detection system using Quad-chamber air cushion system and IoT devices. This system can measure ECG, EEG, heart rate, seat pressure balance data, face/eye tracking etc. using IoT sensors, compare real-time data with reference data, predict abnormality, generate alarm and send message to relatives and emergency services if any stroke onset happens in order to provide emergency assistance to driver.

Device-Free Motion Tracing Using WiFi Signals

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-27979
Published 2017-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States
Fine-grained human motion tracing — the ability to trace the trajectory of a moving human hand or leg, or even the whole body — is a general capability that is useful in a wide variety of applications. It can be used for gesture recognition and virtual touch-screens (e.g. Kinect-style natural user interfaces), activity recognition, monitoring of young infants and the elderly, or security applications such as intruder detection. Motivated by these applications, depth-sensing-based systems have been developed to implement motion tracing capabilities in cameras; however, these devices are limited because they have a constrained field of view (around 2 to 4 m range with a 60-degree aperture), and do not work in non-line-of-sight scenarios, preventing their use in many applications such as whole-home activity recognition, security, and elderly care.

Miniature Airborne Particle Mass Monitor

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-28015
Published 2017-12-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States
Particulate matter (PM) exposure and health effects have become top U.S. environmental research agenda items over the past decade. Environmental epidemiological studies rely on information from both sides of the dose-response equation: risk factor measures and health outcome data. The ability to resolve relationships from environmental data depends upon the quantity, accuracy, specificity, and precision of both. Although health surveillance and data collection methods have improved dramatically through database system advances, the techniques for PM exposure are not adequate.

Senior Drivers, Bicyclists and Pedestrian Behavior Related with Traffic Accidents and Injuries

  • Applus + Idiada Spain - Alba Fornells, Núria Parera, Adria Ferrer
  • Fiat Chrysler Automobiles - Anita Fiorentino
Published 2017-03-28 by SAE International in United States
While accident data show a decreasing number of fatalities and serious injuries on European Union (EU) roads, recent data from ERSO (European Road Safety Observatory) show an increasing proportion of elderly in the fatality statistics. Due to the continuous increase of life expectancy in Europe and other highly-developed countries, the elderly make up a higher number of drivers and other road users such as bicyclists and pedestrians whose mobility needs and habits have been changing over recent years. Moreover, due to their greater vulnerability, the elderly are more likely to be seriously injured in any given accident than younger people. With the goal of improving the safety mobility of the elderly, the SENIORS Project, funded by the European Commission, is investigating and assessing the injury reduction that can be achieved through innovative tools and safety systems. The first step was to develop the required understanding of accident scenarios, injury mechanisms and risks and to implement these findings in the test tool and test assessment procedures. To this end, accident databases were studied and compared regarding the more critical accident scenarios involving the elderly and their injuries as well as their behavior and the transport modes that represent higher risk. This paper presents a novel statistical study of the accident database in Spain and provides an overview of the main accident situations involving elderly drivers, bicyclists or pedestrians as well as the most typical causes of injury and its severity. Moreover, the in-depth analysis of scenarios, actions and law violations carried out makes it possible to identify the travelling behavior of the elderly. Differences between ages and gender were also identified. The conclusions match with general beliefs and with literature information. Finally a general comparison with results from other countries was done.

Conceptual Design of the Elderly Healthcare Services In-Vehicle using IoT

  • Korea Res Inst of Standards & Science - Se Jin Park, Murali Subramaniyam, Seunghee Hong, Damee Kim
  • ETRI - Jaehak Yu
Published 2017-03-28 by SAE International in United States
Driving is a complex activity with the continuously changing environment. Safe driving can be challenged by changes in drivers’ physical, emotional, and mental condition. Population in the developed world is aging, so the number of older drivers is increasing. Older drivers have relatively higher incidences of crashes precipitated by drivers’ medical emergencies when compared to another age group. On the elderly population, automakers are paying more attention to developing cars that can measure and monitor the drivers’ health status to protect them. In recent years, the automotive industry has been integrating health, wellness, and wellbeing technologies into cars with Internet of Things (IoT). A broad range of applications is possible for the IoT-based elderly smart healthcare monitoring systems. For example, smart car, smart home, smart bed, etc., Both luxury automakers and key global original equipment manufacturers are integrating healthcare services into their next-generation products.

Two- and Three-Dimensional Near-Infrared Subcutaneous Structure Imager Using Adaptive Nonlinear Video Processing

  • Magazine Article
  • TBMG-25139
Published 2016-08-01 by Tech Briefs Media Group in United States
Scientists at NASA’s Glenn Research Center have successfully developed a novel subcutaneous structure imager for locating veins in challenging patient populations, such as juvenile, elderly, dark-skinned, or obese patients. Spurred initially by the needs of pediatric sickle-cell anemia patients in Africa, Glenn’s groundbreaking system includes a camera-processor-display apparatus and uses an innovative image-processing method to provide two- or three-dimensional, high-contrast visualization of veins or other vasculature structures. In addition to assisting practitioners to find veins in challenging populations, this system can also help novice healthcare workers locate veins for procedures such as needle insertion or excision. Compared to other state-of-the-art solutions, the imager is inexpensive, compact, and very portable, so it can be used in remote third-world areas, emergency response situations, or military battlefields.

Google talks self-driving vehicle development

  • Paul Weissler
  • Magazine Feature Article
  • 16AUTP06_08
Published 2016-06-01 by SAE International in United States
As automakers add advanced driver-assist systems to conventional passenger vehicles, they are developing one path to the fully autonomous vehicle-but not the only one. So, the inevitable question: When will fully self-driving cars arrive and what will they be like?Google, with years of experience in this area, has predicted as early as 2020. Work underway was described by the project's CEO, John Krafcik, who spoke at the recent J.D. Power/NADA/NY Auto Show forum.