Your Selections

Adhesives and sealants
Inorganic chemicals
Coatings, colorants, and finishes
Composite materials
Glass fibers
Heat resistant materials
Lightweight materials
Magnetic materials
Materials identification
Materials properties
Tensile strength
Aluminum alloys
Beryllium alloys
Casting alloys
Chromium alloys
Cobalt alloys
Copper alloys
Corrosion resistant alloys
Ferrous metals and alloys
Heat resistant alloys
Magnesium alloys
Nickel alloys
Nonferrous alloys
Silicon alloys
Tin alloys
Titanium alloys
Vanadium alloys
Wrought alloys
Zinc alloys
Ferrous metals
Advanced high-strength steels
Refractory materials
Smart materials
Waste materials
Show Only


File Formats

Content Types












Automation of Sorting and Kitting from cutting tables

Broetje-Automation GmbH-Erik Berg
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1899
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Within the current part production of carbon fiber parts a lot of manual work is included for sorting and kitting of automatic cut plies. This is required due to the high raw material costs and enables a good utilization of the materials. Automation of this non-value adding process will be a big benefit for the part production. The high variety of shapes and the different materials to be processed are complex boundary conditions, which are to be overcome. Broetje is in development of handling systems and automation solutions, which are used for a high variety of materials as well as for a high variety of shapes. These systems are meant to be an add-on for existing cutting tables as well as for fully integrated production systems with downstream automation equipment like draping hoods. Mayor challenges to overcome are safe gripping capabilities, detection of #non-cut fibers, high variety of shapes, complex logistic management. These challenges are addressed with Broetje’s ASK Solution. This paper will focus on the innovative automated sorting and kitting solution invented by Broetje-Automation.

Optimisation of assembly processes for Adhesive bonded Brackets onto the airframe structure

Airbus-Marco Chacin PhD, Ana De-Lozoya Nombela, Mark Burrows
Cranfield University-Jose Angel Gonzalez-Domingo, Philip Webb
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1855
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Aircraft manufacturers use adhesive bonded brackets (ABB) to support wire harnesses, looms and sensors. Using ABBs eliminates the necessity to drill holes in the airframe and significantly reduces the assembly time. Such brackets are installed manually on the airframes in numerous locations using high strength epoxy based adhesives. In addition, the application of adhesive onto bracket is carried out manually. Thus it's time consuming and quality relies on operator’s skill sets to apply a certain quantity of adhesive using a predefined pattern, both of which are commonly not controlled. On the other hand, removing the damaged brackets by manual operations tend to cause dents and scratches in metallic airframes and delamination in composites. Prior research indicates that the brackets can be removed by heating them. But, they are not recommendable to aerospace manufacturers due to the longer process times. Therefore, it is vital to find a solution or methods to remove the ABBs without damaging any airframes. The scope of this research encompasses all the areas of design, technology and product development enabling a multi-disciplinary…

Low cost, fireproof, and light aircraft interior

Sardou Societe Anonyme-Max Sardou
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1857
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Low cost, fireproof, and light aircraft interior Fire is a dramatic issue in aircraft nowadays, especially with composite air crafts. An additional issue is the dangerous use of flammable Li-Ion batteries in a lot of appliances. we propose in order to avoid dramas to produce aircraft interiors, fire doors, cargo bay walls, as well than cargo container able to contain a fire inside them, with our ceramic composite called TOUGHCERAM ®. We have developed a low-cost, ceramic, damage tolerant, this ceramic is flexible between minus 100°C and plus 350°C. TOUGHCERAM ® poly-crystalize between 60°C and 110°C and can be reinforced with fibbers like carbon or basalt one. TOUGHCERAM ® survive 90 minutes to a propane 1900°C torches. TOUGHCERAM ® does not burn, nor smoke. In this paper we will explain how it is possible to develop a fully mineral ceramic offering such unique mechanical and fire properties.


INSA Toulouse-Alain Daidie
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1861
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Orbital drilling has proved to be advantageous to achieve aeronautical-level quality drilling (surface roughness, geometry control…) fully adapted for complex assemblies in a single operation. However, compared to conventional drilling method, this process leads to a drastic change in structure's fatigue life probably due to a non-optimised level of residual stress. The control of the mechanical behaviour of parts obtained by orbital drilling is the goal of the European-CleanSky collaborative R&D project RODEO (Robotized Orbital Drilling Equipment and Optimized Residual Stresses, GA no.738219). In this work, an orbital drilling unit (ORBIBOT) allowing high-speed-machining conditions was developed by PRECISE France, that can be integrated on a lightweight industrial robot. Cutting parameters were determined through an original Tool-Material Couple optimization strategy dedicated to orbital drilling, developed with MITIS Engineering and carried out on aluminium alloy 2024-T351. In order to enhance the mechanical behaviour of the system (fatigue, surface hardening…), an innovative mechanical surface treatment has been introduced for investigations: orbital roller burnishing, performed right after orbital drilling. The burnisher follows a helical path around the hole axis.…

Waste Plastic oil used as an Alternative fuel for Aero Diesel Engines: an Analysis

GIFT, Bhubaneswar-Alok Mohapatra
VSSUT, Burla-amar kumar das
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1896
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The use of plastics and its production has seen a significant increase in recent years and accordingly the amount of plastic waste that gets accumulated in the environment has increased to an alarming level. Since plastics are primarily a petroleum based product, this increase in demand for plastics has to certain extent reduced the availability of petroleum as a non-renewable fossil fuel. One of the options to reduce the pollution due to waste plastic and create an alternate source of energy is to recycle the plastic waste by converting them into valuable energy resource. In this regard, oil derived by pyrolysis of waste plastics becomes a promising one to be used as a resource of aviation fuel. The current study analyses the oil derived by pyrolysis of waste plastics to be used in aero diesel engines. The study focusses on the use of waste plastic oil with diesel blend and compared its performance with diesel. The thermodynamic performance of the plastic oil blended with 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50% diesel are examined and related…

The benefits of using Composite Bearings in Aircraft Shock Absorbers

Trelleborg Sealing Solutions-Brian Bowen, Torben A. Andersen
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1898
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
This paper will use actual examples from aircraft recently introduced into service, to describe the main advantages of changing from the currently used metallic bearings, to composite bearings. Abstract: The introduction of composite bearing in a recently introduced twin aisle aircraft has resulted in: • Weight saving, by replacing bronze bearings with plastic bearings • Lowering of the particle count in the shock absorber oil, (Reduced contamination with metal particles) leading to reduced wear on seals and bearings. Qualification testing showed that Composite Bearings are able to provide longer service life than bronze bearings.

Improving competitiveness of Additive Manufacturing Aerospace serial parts

LISI AEROSPACE Additive Manufacturing-Maxime gas, Alexis RENE-CORAIL, Sebastien EYRIGNOUX, Guillaume IKER, Stephane SUDRE
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1900
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The interest of selective laser melting technology for aerospace parts is very high due to their high complexity and their freedom of design which allow functions integration. However, the competitiveness of Laser Beam Melting (LBM) machines for aerospace industry is limited by two major road blocks. On the one hand, basic parametric set sold with LBM machines are more oriented to historical qualification than productivity rates. For instance, the ongoing qualification on EOS M290 by AIRBUS COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT only enables us to produce a hundred pieces per machine per year. On the other hand, wasted times between two consecutive manufacturing batches are significant and are impacting the yearly output of the machines. The present project focuses on two activities, focusing on the largest available machines, XLINE2000R and M400, in order to maximize the amount of pieces per build. The first one was the improvement of parametric set productivity, to reduce production time, while keeping material and mechanical properties. We focused on main aerospace materials: titanium alloys, aluminum alloys (Scalmalloy®) and nickel-chromium-based superalloys. The second one…

A portable numerical control drilling template

Allison Schraier
Electroimpact Inc.-Glauber Lopes Mosqueira
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1876
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The automation market for aircraft assembly features several options, from deployable crawlers through mobile industrial manipulators to large scale riveters, not to mention fiber layup machines. When drilling, such equipment will typically handle at least a few hundred holes in a given area and setup, with the part most often being a nearly flat panel free of obstructions or with obstructions with a constant cross-section such as stringers. Automation is now widely employed in the manufacturing of wing and fuselage panels and major segment joints, to name a few uses. The assembly of inner structures, however, and especially those in the range of a hundred holes or less, located in areas of limited access crowded with other product structures or even positioning fixtures sitting outside and preventing machine access, is still largely manual and dependent on drilling templates or jigs (DJs). These are robust tools of simple use and very low maintenance, yet of relatively high manufacturing costs (many require 5-axis machining) and design costs (most are one off tools), low flexibility (cannot absorb product…

Suppression of Eddy Current Loss in Rectangular Winding of High Power-Density IPMSM Using Concentrated Winding Stator for More Electric Aircraft

Hokkaido University-Sho Manabe, Masatsugu TAKEMOTO
IHI Corporation-Yosuke AKAMATSU, Takehiro JIKUMARU, Fuminori Suzuki, Hitoshi Oyori
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1910
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
In order to respond to worldwide environmental problems such as global warming and demands for saving fuel cost of aircrafts from the aviation industry, researches on More Electric Aircraft (MEA) are actively conducted. Conventional hydraulic, pneumatic, and mechanical power sources from aero engines for flight actuators or auxiliary systems are replaced by electric motors in MEA. Interior permanent magnet synchronous motors (IPMSMs) are widely used in various applications for high power density and high efficiency. It is considered that rectangular windings can greatly improve the slot factor, thereby making it possible to increase the power density of IPMSMs. Additionally, in the concentrated winding stator, the coil end can be made shorter than that of the distributed winding stator, which is possible to downsize the stator in the axial direction. In this paper, a high power density concentrated winding IPMSMs which employs rectangular windings for MEA is simulated by 2D-FEA. However, this simulation result reveals that considerable amount of eddy current loss generated in the windings of the motor. Excessive eddy current loss in the windings…

A New Positioning Device Designed for Aircraft Automated Alignment System

Shanghai Jiao Tong University-Jie Huang, Long Yu, Yuhan Wang
Shanghai Top NC Tech Co Ltd-Yilian Zhang
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-1883
To be published on 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
Accurate and fast positioning of large aircraft component is of great importance for Automated Alignment System. The Ball joint is a widely-used mechanical device connecting the aircraft component and Automated Alignment System. However, there are some shortcomings for the device in man-machine engineering, such as the entry state of the ball-head still needs to be confirmed by the workers and then switched to the locking state manually. To solve above problems, a new positioning mechanism is present in this paper, which consists of a ball-head and a ball-socket. The new device is equipped with a monocular vision system, in which a calibrated industrial camera is used to collect the images of the ball-head. And then, the 3-D coordinate of the ball-head center is calculated by a designed algorithm, which combines the symmetry of the sphere and the principle of projection transformation, guiding the positioner to capture the ball-head. Once the ball-head gets into the ball-socket, the pneumatic system inside the ball-socket will drive the piston to move to the specified location. Meanwhile, the amount of…