The SAE MOBILUS platform will continue to be accessible and populated with high quality technical content during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. x

Your Selections

2019 SAE Brasil Congress & Exhibition
Show Only

Collections

File Formats

Content Types

Dates

Sectors

Topics

Authors

Publishers

Affiliations

Events

   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Aircraft Engine Technology Review - The Pathways for an Efficient, Cleaner and Quieter Aviation Industry

FCB Research and Consulting-Fábio Coelho Barbosa
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0175
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
The aviation industry has been submitted to a set of environmental and commercial drivers that have led it to pursue engine technologies focused on the efficiency improvement, greenhouse (CO2) and pollutant (NOx and PM) emissions reductions, as well as noise abatement.The effort to comply with the ambitious long term environmental and efficiency targets set by the regulatory authorities has driven the aeronautic industry in a technological research effort. In the medium term, the aviation industry's strategy for commercial aviation is to focus on the advanced, but rather conventional propulsion systems (mainly turbofan engines). In this scenario, technological efforts have focused basically on enhancing thermal efficiency, through advanced core engines, as well as improving propulsive efficiency, through the use of low pressure systems (basically reduced pressure ratio and increased engine bypass ratio). To reach these objectives, a set of technological platforms has been proposed, with some already on an operational/commercial level, while others still in a prototype category. In this context, engine manufacturers have given a special focus on some technological approaches, like Ultra High Bypass…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

A Graphical Approach for Interpreting Out-of-Control Signals in Multivariate Control Charts

Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia - UFOB-Luis Alberto Pargas Carmona
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0068
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Dealing with several variables simultaneously is not a simple task for quality engineers because the interpretation of out-of-control signals involves the examination of the data from a multivariate perspective. In this paper, a graphical technique for interpreting out-of-control signals in multivariate control charts is proposed. This approach consists of a typical Hotelling’s chart with warning labels indicating:1) the univariate out-of-control points often masked by the T-squared statistic; 2) the plane of the biplot that should be investigated to identify the cause of the signal. The idea of using biplots as a complementary tool is to provide a broader view of the data without adding much complexity to the analysis. Finally, the benefits of this are shown through a case example of an automotive body assembly process.
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

DEVELOPMENT OF PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEM BUSINESS MODEL: a study at Mercedes-Benz Brazil

Centro Universitario da FEI-Renato Ferreira Junior, Dra. Gabriela Scur
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0093
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
With the increase in the use of information technology and communication, Internet of Things, Big Data, in addition to the concepts of sustainability, a new strategy has been structured, which aims to add value to the traditional PSS model, in the integration of new services to products. The challenge is how to change the current business model of a fully product-oriented (PO) company into a supplier of products with integrated services, in a new business model. From the theoretical propositions and best practices of companies that have implemented PSS businesses models, this paper propose and validate a systematization of strategic actions that make possible for product-oriented companies to change to a new PSS business model, and can be used as a guideline to the PSS implementation, as it compiles the key aspects needed for each strategic area, the important actions found in the literature and bibliographic references that may help in further research. In terms of theoretical relevance, this paper expands the PSS model, using the Big Data to generate new business. Managerial contribution was…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Comparison Between MCC and MZCM Combustion Models

Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais-Paulo Ricardo da Penha, Rogério Jorge Amorim
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0133
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
This paper evaluates the ability of two combustion models to predict a small HSDI diesel engine operation after changing its operational parameters. Both Multi-Zone Combustion Model (MZCM) and Mixing Controlled Combustion (MCC) are inherently coupled to the fuel injection process allowing great freedom of simulation for multistage injection engines but also requiring consistent calibration of the model parameters. In the present work, two operating conditions of a reference research engine are modelled and tuned in the AVL Boost® software using both MCC and MZCM to model the combustion process. The operational conditions evaluated are defined by changes in EGR rate, fuel injection start and distribution, boost pressure, and injection pressure. The predictive ability of each model is assessed by comparing the output results accuracy and the number of parameters changes needed to tune the model for a given change of operation. The novelty of this work resides in the comparison of the two models, as built in the software, in a practical simulation process. Both models have a similar amount of base parameters to be…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Water Avoidance Design Strategy for Capacitive Exterior Handles

Ford Motor Company-Douglas Demori, Júlio Magalhães, Anderson Ferreira, Filipe Camargo, Bruno Freitas
Huf Hülsbeck & Fürst-Pedro Dias, Michel Turbiani
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0187
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Nowadays, capacitive handles are increasing their use in high-end commercial vehicles. This particular handle applies a technology that permits to unlock and even lock the vehicle without a key. As benefit for current life, the customer has the possibility to access and close the vehicles more efficiently and faster, just possessing the key in the pocket or any close compartment that the user is carrying, for example, bag, purse, backpack. Even though, the design of capacitive exterior handle must follow several design strategies to avoid nonfunctional in rainy climate. Water could work as a blocker for the sensor signal captured, special design strategies that must be taken in order to minimize that the liquid could ingress the handle and even be retained on the region that sensor is located. On this two-piece handle not only the parting line location, drain holes and a favorable drainage for liquids inside the handle must be designed, but also a control on the painting capacitance is hugely important for a successful project. Overall, to validate physically the design, test…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

A cutting-edge technology to increase the friction coefficient in bolted joints in a simple way

3M do Brasil-Vanessa de Souza Valério, Rosana Emi Tamagawa, Kellen Cristina Busiol, Petrus Lencioni Filho
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0236
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Lightweight vehicles are one of the most efficient solutions to reduce the fuel consumption and the emission of polluting gases, which leads the automotive industry to the constant need to manufacture ever lighter vehicles. Due to these current requirements, there is a general move toward compact and lightweight powertrain system designs. Although more compact, these systems must be able to transmit the same or even higher forces and torques. Dealing with these contradictory requirements adding to the constant request to minimize production and assembly costs is a huge challenge to engineers. One approach is to enhance the coefficient of static friction in friction joints. When friction joints are designed, physical parameters such as overall size and surface pressure usually can only be varied in a tight window. Load transmission capability in friction joints is thus limited by the friction coefficient of the mating materials. An efficient solution for these limitations is to apply a nickel diamond coating either to the actual parts of the joints or to friction shims for installation in the joint. In…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Band gaps and torsional vibration in a periodic shaft

EATON Ltda.,-André L. A. M. Leão
University of Campinas-J. R. F. Arruda
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0224
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Shafts used in torque and angular velocity transmission may behave as torsional vibration amplifiers due to resonance followed by unwanted vibrations. Many technologies are applied to attenuate vibration in certain frequency ranges in automotive, aerospace and industrial applications. More recently, using the concept of periodic structures (phononic crystals and metamaterials), it has been shown to be possible to obtain frequency band gaps where elastic waves cannot propagate and, therefore, standing waves cannot build up, thus avoiding resonance. Using a few periodic cells large attenuation can be obtained, so that the structure behaves like a mechanical filter. Investigations in periodic structure dynamics have been developed in recent years aiming at to attenuating specific and wide frequency ranges. The periodic structure can be a combination of different materials, or a unique material varying the geometry periodically. This work explores the possibility of using periodic shaft structures to create torsional band gaps for torsional vibration attenuation. Theoretical models and experimental results for torsional vibrations in a periodic shaft are investigated. The approach is to build a dynamic model…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Use of staircase method to validate a new design of engine pulley

Cummins Brasil LTDA-Tadeus Marchesi, Wagner Trindade
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0255
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
A Cummins internal project demanded the development of a new crankshaft pulley. This new pulley will be mounted in the engine, but before this mounting process, a validation phase must be accomplished with the primary goal of avoiding failures during engine tests and, most of all, during vehicle operation. This article documents part of the work done to validate the new pulley, aiming to deliver a component that meets the specification demanded by the application to be released in the market. It is presented how acceptable unreliability of the pulley was assessed by means of fatigue testing. Several approaches could be used, but following internal standards for this kind of component, the procedure chosen was the staircase fatigue method. After finishing the testing phase and data treatment, the findings indicated that the new crankshaft pulley presented infinite life when subjected to the hub load found in the application with a design margin of 82%. Another validation that was carried out is related to the bolts used in the mounting. The bolted joint measurement and its…
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

The effects of contamination on commercial trucks rear suspension springs durability

Ford Motor Company-Milton Monteverde Belli, Amilcar Tyrrell Tavares
Suspensys-Eugenio Noro, Graebin Matheus
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0083
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
On current competitive scenario for road load transportation in Brazilian market, the operational costs should be reduced as much as possible. The suspension system commonly used on road commercial trucks is based on leaf spring use and Hotchkiss concept for axle locating devices. The use of leaf springs without bolt attachment eyelets are still common for rear suspension systems. When using the leaf spring with direct contact to the brackets, wear plates are placed between them to work as wear elements due to the friction between the parts. The friction will cause wear on the parts, and the wear plate is designed to suffer the damages of this friction instead of the leaf spring, being the cheapest element and can be easily replaced. When the system works on a severe contamination environment with high levels of grit and dirt, the degradation of the parts are accelerated. With a considerable amount of grit between the wear plate and the leaf spring, the damage caused on the leaf surface is increased and lead to a spring failure…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available
   This content is not included in your SAE MOBILUS subscription, or you are not logged in.

Methodology using IPS for creation and installation of flexible components in stationary vehicles

General Motors, do Brasil-André Tognolli, Fernando Utiyke, Douglas Migliorini
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-36-0125
Published 2020-01-13 by SAE International in United States
Through dynamic computational simulations it is possible to achieve a high reliability index in the development of automotive components, thus reducing the time and cost of the component can generate considerable levels of competitiveness and quality.This work suggests the validation of a methodology to create the virtual routes to find the best design of the flexible components influenced by force of gravity, thermal expansion or even the static balance between the anchor points and used to be designed and installed in the vehicle always in the nominal condition which in many cases diverge from the physical.With the difficulty of predicting mathematically the nonlinear relations of deformation and motion under the effect of forces and moments, we use the NX9 software in the creation of the dynamic movement motion to the motor and transmission assembly imposes on the flexible components through a routine mapped by Cartesian coordinates, simulating the characteristic movements of the vehicle in normal working situations.Using the software IPS - Industrial Path Solution, for the construction of the flexible model to be simulated, the…
This content contains downloadable datasets
Annotation ability available