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This document provides background information, rationale, and data (both physical testing and computer simulations) used in defining the component test methods and similarity criteria described in SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 6330. ARP6330 defines multiple test methods used to assess the effect of seat back mounted IFE monitor changes on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edge generation. The data generated is based on seat and IFE components installed on type A-T (transport airplane) certified aircraft. While not within the scope of ARP6330, generated test data for the possible future development of surrogate target evaluation methods is also included
Aircraft Seat Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides recommendations for: The audit process in general A list of specific areas of attention to be audited Maintaining the test facility in such a manner that it meets audit requirements
EG-1E Gas Turbine Test Facilities and Equipment
This document describes a systematic and rigorous process to: (1) identify and evaluate standard names and definitions for driving automation system features, and (2) identify a “user vocabulary” of terms and descriptions that [human] drivers use to describe driving automation system features. The process described in this document includes selection criteria and trade-offs that can be used to select an approach to testing that matches the constraints and objective of a particular evaluation. The data from this process are analyzed to determine users’ name preferences for driving automation system features and what they would expect a specific feature to do, based on the name given to the features. The data generated by this naming methodology can provide guidance regarding the names that may support accurate understanding of the feature’s capabilities and limitations. Although the process described in this document emphasizes the use of large-scale electronic surveys for data
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The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for the implementation of DVI for momentary intervention-type LKA systems, as defined by ISO 11270. LKA systems provide driver support for safe lane keeping operations via momentary interventions. LKA systems are SAE Level 0, according to SAE J3016. LKA systems do not automate any part of the dynamic driving task (DDT) on a sustained basis and are not classified as an integral component of a partial or conditional driving automation system per SAE J3016. The design intent (i.e., purpose) of an LKA system is to address crash scenarios resulting from inadvertent lane or road departures. Drivers can override an LKA system intervention at any time. LKA systems do not guarantee prevention of lane drifts or related crashes. Road and driving environment (e.g., lane line delineation, inclement weather, road curvature, road surface, etc.) as well as vehicle factors (e.g., speed, lateral acceleration, equipment condition, etc.) may affect the
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
This document describes [motor] vehicle driving automation systems that perform part or all of the dynamic driving task (DDT) on a sustained basis. It provides a taxonomy with detailed definitions for six levels of driving automation, ranging from no driving automation (Level 0) to full driving automation (Level 5), in the context of [motor] vehicles (hereafter also referred to as “vehicle” or “vehicles”) and their operation on roadways: Level 0: No Driving Automation Level 1: Driver Assistance Level 2: Partial Driving Automation Level 3: Conditional Driving Automation Level 4: High Driving Automation Level 5: Full Driving Automation These level definitions, along with additional supporting terms and definitions provided herein, can be used to describe the full range of driving automation features equipped on [motor] vehicles in a functionally consistent and coherent manner. “On-road” refers to publicly accessible roadways (including parking areas and private campuses that permit
On-Road Automated Driving (ORAD) Committee
This SAE Standard is derived from SAE J2805 and specifies an engineering method for measuring the sound emitted by M and N category road vehicles at standstill and low speed operating conditions.. The specifications reproduce the level of sound which is generated by the principal vehicle sound sources consistent with stationary and low speed vehicle operating conditions relevant for pedestrian safety. The method is designed to meet the requirements of simplicity as far as they are consistent with reproducibility of results under the operating conditions of the vehicle. The test method requires an acoustic environment which is only obtained in an extensive open space or in special designed indoor facilities replicating the conditions of an extensive open space. Such conditions usually exist during: Measurements of vehicles for regulatory certification. Measurements at the manufacturing stage. Measurements at official testing stations. The results obtained by this method give an
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
This specification presents the standard method for the proof testing and prestretching of aircraft cable assemblies
A-6A3 Flight Control and Vehicle Management Systems Cmt
This specification covers a water resistant lubricant in the form of grease procured in metric units
AMS M Aerospace Greases Committee
This document describes an SAE Recommended Practice for Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) system performance testing which: establishes uniform vehicle level test procedures identifies target equipment, test scenarios, and measurement methods identifies and explains the performance data of interest does not exclude any particular system or sensor technology identifies the known limitations of the information contained within (assumptions and “gaps”) is intended to be a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change on pace with the technology is limited to “Vehicle Front to Rear, In lane Scenarios” for initial release This document describes the equipment, facilities, methods and procedures needed to evaluate the ability of Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) systems to detect and respond to another vehicle, in its immediate forward path, as it is approached from the rear. This document does not specify test conditions (e.g., speeds, decelerations, headways, etc.). Those values
Active Safety Systems Standards Committee
A-6A3 Flight Control and Vehicle Management Systems Cmt
This document provides a description of a process for development of fly-by-wire actuation systems. Included are (1) the development of requirements for the servo-actuator hardware and the electronics hardware and software, (2) actuator and servo-electronics interface definitions and, (3) the required communications and interactions between the servo-actuator and the servo-electronics designers
A-6A3 Flight Control and Vehicle Management Systems Cmt
Adaptive cruise control (ACC) is an enhancement of conventional cruise control systems that allows the ACC-equipped vehicle to follow a forward vehicle at a pre-selected time gap, up to a driver selected speed, by controlling the engine, power train, and/or service brakes. This SAE Standard focuses on specifying the minimum requirements for ACC system operating characteristics and elements of the user interface. This document applies to original equipment and aftermarket ACC systems for passenger vehicles (including motorcycles). This document does not apply to heavy vehicles (GVWR > 10,000 lbs. or 4,536 kg). Furthermore, this document does not address other variations on ACC, such as “stop & go” ACC, that can bring the equipped vehicle to a stop and reaccelerate. Future revisions of this document should consider enhanced versions of ACC, as well as the integration of ACC with Forward Vehicle Collision Warning Systems (FVCWS
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
The Lane Departure Warning (LDW) system is a crash-avoidance technology which warns drivers if they are drifting (or have drifted) out of their lane or from the roadway. This warning system is designed to reduce the possibility of a run-off-road crash. This system will not take control of the vehicle; it will only let the driver know that he/she needs to steer back into the lane. An LDW is not a lane-change monitor, which addresses intentional lane changes, or a blind spot monitoring system which warns of other vehicles in adjacent lanes. This informational report applies to OEM and after-market Lane Departure Warning systems for light-duty vehicles (gross vehicle weight rating of no more than 8500 pounds) on relatively straight roads with a radius of curvature of 500 m or more, and under good weather conditions
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
Forward Collision Warning (FCW) systems are onboard systems intended to provide alerts to assist drivers in avoiding striking the rear end of another moving or stationary motorized vehicle. This SAE Information Report describes elements for a FCW operator interface, as well as requirements and test methods for systems capable of warning drivers of rear-end collisions. This information report applies to original equipment and aftermarket FCW systems for passenger vehicles including cars, light trucks, and vans. This report does not apply to heavy trucks. Furthermore, this document does not address integration issues associated with adaptive cruise control (ACC), and consequently, aspects of the document could be inappropriate for an ACC system integrated with a FCW system
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
This document specifies the minimum recommendations for Blind Spot Monitoring System (BSMS) operational characteristics and elements of the user interface. A visual BSMS indicator is recommended. BSMS detects and conveys to the driver via a visual indicator the presence of a target (e.g., a vehicle), adjacent to the subject vehicle in the “traditional” Adjacent Blind Spot Zone (ABSZ). The BSMS is not intended to replace the need for interior and exterior rear-view mirrors or to reduce mirror size. BSMS is only intended as a supplement to these mirrors and will not take any automatic vehicle control action to prevent possible collisions. While the BSMS will assist drivers in detecting the presence of vehicles in their ABSZ, the absence of a visual indicator will not guarantee that the driver can safely make a lane change maneuver (e.g., vehicles may be approaching rapidly outside the ABSZ area). This document applies to original equipment and aftermarket BSMS systems for passenger
Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) Committee
This specification covers steel cleanliness requirements in SI (metric) units for aircraft-quality ferromagnetic steels, other than hardenable corrosion-resistant steels, by magnetic particle inspection methods
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This specification covers an aircraft-quality, low-alloy, heat-resistant steel in the form of bars, forgings, mechanical tubing, and forging stock procured in SI (metric) units. AMS 6304 is the inch/pound version of this MAM. These products have been used typically for parts, such as shafts, and fasteners, for service up to 540 degrees C, but usage is not limited to such applications
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This specification covers an aluminum alloy in the form of die forgings and forging stock ordered to metric (SI) units. Primarily for parts requiring good resistance to stress-corrosion cracking but with lower strength than AMS-4139
AMS D Nonferrous Alloys Committee
This specification covers established metric manufacturing tolerances applicable to corrosion and heat resistant steel, iron alloy, titanium, and titanium alloy bars and wire ordered to metric dimensions. These tolerances apply to all conditions, unless otherwise noted. The term 'excl' is used to apply only to the higher figure of the specified range
AMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers established manufacturing tolerances applicable to sheet, strip, and plate of corrosion and heat resistant steels, iron alloys, titanium, and titanium alloys ordered to metric dimensions. These tolerances apply to all conditions, unless otherwise noted. The term 'excl' is used to apply only to the higher figure of the specified range
AMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers established metric manufacturing tolerances applicable to bars, rods, and wire of nickel, nickel alloys, and cobalt alloys ordered to metric dimensions. These tolerances apply to all conditions, unless otherwise noted. The term "excl" is used to apply only to the higher figure of a specified range
AMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers steel cleanliness requirements in SI (Metric) units for aircraft-quality, ferromagnetic, hardenable, corrosion-resistant steels as determined by magnetic particle inspection methods. This specification contains sampling, specimen preparation, and inspection procedures and cleanliness rating criteria
AMS F Corrosion and Heat Resistant Alloys Committee
This specification covers steel cleanliness requirements in metric SI units for special aircraft-quality ferromagnetic steels, other than hardenable corrosion resistant steels, by magnetic particle inspection methods
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
This specification covers steel cleanliness requirements in metric (SI) units for premium aircraft-quality ferromagnetic steels, other than hardenable, corrosion-resistant steels, by magnetic particle inspection methods
AMS E Carbon and Low Alloy Steels Committee
The parameters measured according to this SAE Recommended Practice will generally be used in simulating directional control performance in the linear range. (The “linear range” is the steady-state lateral acceleration below which steering wheel angle can generally be considered to be linearly related to lateral acceleration.) But they may be used for certain other simulations (such as primary ride motions), vehicle and suspension characterization and comparison, suspension development and optimization, and processing of road test data. This document is intended to apply to passenger cars, light trucks, and on-highway recreational and commercial vehicles, both non-articulated and articulated. Measurement techniques are intended to apply to these vehicles, with alterations primarily in the scale of facilities required. But some differences do exist between passenger cars and trucks, especially heavy trucks, such as differences in body/frame flexibility, suspension stiffness, and
Vehicle Dynamics Standards Committee
This standard is to delineate the symbols used to identify controls, indicators, and tell-tales for automotive vehicles, trucks, off-the-road vehicles, construction equipment, industrial and recreational transportation and is for reference purposes only. The symbol application is to be found within the appropriate standards listed
Motor Vehicle Council
This recommended practice is derived from common test sequences used within the industry. This procedure applies to all on-road passenger cars and light trucks up to 4 540 kg of GVWR. This recommended practice does not address other aspects such as performance, NVH, and durability. Test results from this recommended practice should be combined with other measurements and dynamometer tests (or vehicle-level tests), and acceptance criteria to validate a given design or configuration
Brake Dynamometer Standards Committee
This Recommended Practice covers air braked trucks, truck-tractors, trailers and buses. It enumerates the identification and installation of the air brake components not covered in other SAE recommended practices and standards
Truck and Bus Brake Systems Committee
This recommended microscopic practice for evaluating the inclusion content in steel has been developed as a practical method of quantitatively determining the degree of cleanliness of steel. This method has been established as a reasonable control for steel mill operations and acceptance for production manufacturing. It has been widely accepted for carbon and alloy steel bars, billets, and slabs. Exceptions are resulfurized grades which are outside the limits of these photomicrographs and the high carbon bearing quality steels which are generally classified using ASTM E 45-60T, Method A, Jernkontoret Charts
Metals Technical Committee
This document describes the assessment methods and physical requirements associated with the manual handling of carts and dollies, specific to material handling systems. All possible designs and applications could not be anticipated in creating these guidelines. Where there are questions of adherence to this document, such as use of an “off-the shelf” design, always consult the responsible Ergonomics Department. Force guidelines were primarily developed referencing the push/pull psychophysical Snook data contained in A Guide to Manual Materials Handling (second edition) by Mital, Nicholson and Ayoub (NY: Taylor & Francis, 1997). The force guidelines accommodate 75% of female capabilities and 99% of male capabilities. Factors that were included in the established guideline include: push / pull distances, vertical hand height, horizontal hand height, frequency and wheel / castor alignment and load rating. These factors were used to develop a conservative force guideline. The guidelines
USCAR
This user's manual covers the Hybrid III 10-year old child test dummy. The manual is intended for use by technicians who work with this test device. It covers the construction and clothing, assembly and disassembly, available instrumentation, external dimensions and segment masses, as well as certification and inspection test procedures. It includes guidelines for handling accelerometers, guidelines for flesh repair, and joint adjustment procedures. Finally, it includes drawings for some of the test equipment that is unique to this dummy
Dummy Testing and Equipment Committee
To provide the curved hose industry and their customers with a recommended practice for applying GD&T procedures to curved hoses and to provide generic curved hose drawings that represent the application of GD&T to typical curved hose parts. Dimensioning and Tolerancing will be in accordance with ASME Y14.5M
Non-Hydraulic Hose Committee
This SAE Information Report is a summary of the initial recommendations of the SAE committee on Dual/Higher Voltage Vehicle Electrical Systems regarding the application of higher voltages in vehicle systems. This document does not attempt to address the technical merits of specific voltages or electrical system architectures
Vehicle Electric Power Supply Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the Physical Layer and portions of the Data Link Layer of the OSI model for data communications. In particular, this document specifies the physical layer requirements for any Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Resolution (CSMA/CR) data link which operates on a single wire medium to communicate among Electronic Control Units (ECU) on road vehicles. Requirements stated in this document will provide a minimum standard level of performance to which all compatible ECUs and media shall be designed. This will assure full serial data communication among all connected devices regardless of supplier. This document is to be referenced by the particular vehicle OEM Component Technical Specification which describes any given ECU in which the single wire data link controller and physical layer interface is located. Primarily, the performance of the physical layer is specified in this document. ECU environmental and other requirements when provided in the
Vehicle Architecture For Data Communications Standards
This part of SAE J2244 specifies dimensions, performance requirements, and test procedures for metric adjustable and nonadjustable heavy-duty (S Series) stud ends and O-rings. Stud ends in accordance with this part of SAE J2244 may be used at working pressures up to 63 MPa for nonadjustable stud ends and 40 MPa for adjustable stud ends. The permissible working pressure depends upon materials, design, working conditions, application, etc. For threaded ports and stud ends for use in new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications, only SAE J2244 shall be used. Threaded ports and stud ends in accordance with ISO 1179, ISO 9974, and SAE J1926 (ISO 11926) shall not be used for new designs in hydraulic fluid power applications. Conformance to the dimensional information in this standard does not guarantee rated performance. Each manufacturer shall perform testing according to the specification contained in this standard to ensure that components made to this standard comply with the
Hydraulic Tube Fittings Committee
This recommended practice shall apply to all on-highway trucks and truck-tractors equipped with air brake systems and having a GVW rating of 26 000 lb or more
Truck and Bus Human Factors Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice describes test procedures for evaluating hardware used in motor vehicle seat belt assemblies. Related hardware performance requirements are described in SAE J141. Test procedures and performance requirements for retractors will be covered in separate SAE Recommended Practices to be issued later
Motor Vehicle Council
A glossary of basic terms and definitions useful for working in reliability, maintainability, and sustainability (RMS). The terms used in most engineering technologies tend to be physical characteristics such as speed, rate of turn, and fuel consumption. While they may require very careful definition and control of the way in which they are measured, the terms themselves are not subject to different interpretations. Reliability, maintainability, and sustainability (RMS), however, use terms that are defined in a variety of ways with multiple interpretations. The variety of definitions given to a single term creates problems when trying to compare the performance of one system to another. To eliminate the confusion, a literature search that listed current and past RMS terms and definitions was conducted. The literature search included input from the U.S. military, UK military, NATO, SAE, IEEE, NASA, ISO, university research, and other publications. The object was to determine the common
G-41 Reliability
This SAE Technical Information Report (TIR) provides test methods for evaluating hydrogen sensors when the hydrogen system integrator and/or vehicle manufacturer elect to use such devices on board their hydrogen vehicles, including hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV). The tests described in 5.1 of this document are performance-based and were developed to assess hydrogen sensor metrological parameters. These tests were designed to accommodate a wide range of environmental and operating conditions based on different possible situations and sensor implementations within the vehicle. Section 5.2 covers supplemental electrical safety and physical stress tests. These are based upon standard tests developed for qualifying electrical and other components for use on vehicles and do not explicitly pertain to gas sensor metrological performance assessment. Since the use of on-board hydrogen sensors is not standardized or mandated, their implementation can vary greatly from vehicle to
Fuel Cell Standards Committee
This SAE document defines a recommended practice for implementing circuit identification for electrical power and signal distribution systems of the Class 8 trucks and tractors. This document provides a description of a supplemental circuit identifier that shall be utilized in conjunction with the original equipment manufacturer’s primary circuit identification as used in wire harnesses but does not include electrical or electronic devices which have pigtails. The supplemental circuit identifier is cross-referenced to a specified subsystem of the power and signal distribution system identified in Section 5
Truck and Bus Electrical Systems Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes a uniform procedure for the level road test of the brake systems of all classes of motorcycles intended for highway use
Motorcycle Technical Steering Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice outlines basic nomenclature in common use for truck and bus drive axle designs. Over a period of years there have been many different designs introduced; however, for this report, only the most common have been selected and only their general construction is illustrated to show the nomenclature of the various parts
Truck and Bus Powertrain Committee
This SAE Standard applies to horizontal earthboring machines of the following types: a. Auger Machines b. Pipe Pushers c. Rotary Rod Machines d. Impact Machines e. Horizontal Directional Drilling Machines Additional information on machines of this type may be found in SAE J2022 and SAE J2305. This document does not apply to specialized mining machinery such as conveyors, tunnel-boring machines, pipe-jacking systems, and microtunnelers
MTC9, Trenching and Horizontal Earthboring Machines
This SAE Standard is intended to provide personnel protection guidelines for skid steer loaders. This document is intended as a guide towards standard practice, but may be subject to frequent change to keep pace with experience and technical advances. This should be kept in mind when considering its use. This document provides performance criteria for newly manufactured loaders and it is not intended for in-service machines
OPTC1, Personnel Protection (General)
This SAE Standard serves as the guidance document for the J2945/x family of standards as illustrated in Figure 7. It contains cross-cutting material which applies to the other J2945/x standards, including recommended practice for the use of Systems Engineering (SE) and generic DSRC interface requirements content. The scope for the DSRC system environment is to provide for the information exchange between a host vehicle and another DSRC enabled device, a device worn by or otherwise attached to a traveler, a roadside device, or a management center, to address safety, mobility, and environmental system needs. The audience for this document includes the technical teams of developers of the J2945/x documents and the implementers of the applications which are based on the J2945/x documents
V2X Core Technical Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides for common test and verification methods to determine Electric Vehicle battery module performance. The document creates the necessary performance standards to determine (a) what the basic performance of EV battery modules is; and (b) whether battery modules meet minimum performance specification established by vehicle manufacturers or other purchasers. Specific values for these minimum performance specifications are not a part of this document
Battery Standards Testing Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice was developed primarily for passenger car and truck applications, but it may be used in marine, industrial, and similar applications
Fuel Systems Standards Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to speedometers, odometers, and speedometer drives typical of passenger vehicles, buses, and trucks used for personal or commercial purposes. The method of determining wheel revolutions per unit distance (3.1) and overall system design variation (3.3.3) are applicable to passenger cars only. Comparable recommendations for trucks and buses are under development. The data of tachometers is applicable to vehicular use, as previously described, and also to stationary and marine engines and special vehicles
Odometer and Speedometer Standards
The scope of this Recommended Practice is to delineate groups of materials for which there is considerable fabrication and operating experience in the sea water environment. In addition, some of the more promising materials for possible future applications are covered
Ship Fluid Systems Committee
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