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Heater and Accessories, Aircraft Internal Combustion Heat Exchanger Type

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS8040C
  • Current
Published 2019-10-01 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers combustion heaters and accessories used in, but not limited to, the following applications: a Cabin heating (all occupied regions and windshield heating) b Wing and empennage anti-icing c Engine and accessory heating (when heater is installed as part of the aircraft) d Aircraft deicing
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Air Conditioning Systems for Subsonic Airplanes

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP85G
  • Current
Published 2019-09-25 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains guidelines and recommendations for subsonic airplane air conditioning systems and components, including requirements, design philosophy, testing, and ambient conditions. The airplane air conditioning system comprises that arrangement of equipment, controls, and indicators that supply and distribute air to the occupied compartments for ventilation, pressurization, and temperature and moisture control. The principal features of the system are: a A supply of outside air with independent control valve(s). b A means for heating. c A means for cooling (air or vapor cycle units and heat exchangers). d A means for removing excess moisture from the air supply. e A ventilation subsystem. f A temperature control subsystem. g A pressure control subsystem. Other system components for treating cabin air, such as filtration and humidification, are included, as are the ancillary functions of equipment cooling and cargo compartment conditioning. The interface with the major associated system, the pneumatic system (Chapter 36 of ATA 100) is at the inlet of the air conditioning shutoff valves. This boundary definition aligns with that in the…
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SAE Aerospace Applied Thermodynamics Manual Aerothermodynamic Systems Engineering and Design

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR1168/3A
  • Current
Published 2019-09-24 by SAE International in United States
This section presents methods and examples of computing the steady-state heating and cooling loads of aircraft compartments. In a steady-state process the flows of heat throughout the system are stabilized and thus do not change with time. In an aircraft compartment, several elements compose the steady-state air conditioning load. Transfer of heat occurs between these sources and sinks by the combined processes of convection, radiation, and conduction in the following manner: 1 Convection between the boundary layer and the outer airplane skin. 2 Radiation between the external skin and the external environment. 3 Solar radiation through transparent areas directly on flight personnel and equipment and on the cabin interior surfaces. 4 Conduction through the cabin walls and structural members. 5 Convection between the interior cabin surface and the cabin air. 6 Convection between cabin air and flight personnel or equipment. 7 Convection and radiation from internal sources of heat such as electrical equipment. The subsequent paragraphs discuss methods of determining each of the heat transfer rates listed above, as well as the physiological considerations involved…
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Air Cycle Air Conditioning Systems for Air Vehicles

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS4073B
  • Current
Published 2019-08-20 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines the requirements for air cycle air conditioning systems used on military air vehicles for cooling, heating, ventilation, and moisture and contamination control. General recommendations for an air conditioning system, which may include an air cycle system as a cooling source, are included in MIL-E-18927E and JSSG-2009. Air cycle air conditioning systems include those components which condition high temperature and high pressure air for delivery to occupied and equipment compartments and to electrical and electronic equipment. This document is applicable to open and closed loop air cycle systems. Definitions are contained in Section 5 of this document.
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Thermodynamics of Incompressible and Compressible Fluid Flow

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR1168/1A
  • Current
Published 2019-04-11 by SAE International in United States
The fluid flow treated in this section is isothermal, subsonic, and incompressible. The effects of heat addition, work on the fluid, variation in sonic velocity, and changes in elevation are neglected. An incompressible fluid is one in which a change in pressure causes no resulting change in fluid density. The assumption that liquids are incompressible introduces no appreciable error in calculations, but the assumption that a gas is incompressible introduces an error of a magnitude that is dependent on the fluid velocity and on the loss coefficient of the particular duct section or piece of equipment. Fig. 1A-1 shows the error in pressure drop resulting from assuming that air is incompressible. With reasonably small loss coefficients and the accuracy that is usually required in most calculations, compressible fluids may be treated as incompressible for velocities less than Mach 0.2. At higher velocities and for large loss coefficients (Kt and 4fL/D), compressible flow analysis should be used.
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Air Cycle Air Conditioning Systems for Military Air Vehicles

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AS4073A
  • Historical
Published 2018-08-23 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines the requirements for air cycle air conditioning systems used on military air vehicles for cooling, heating, ventilation, and moisture and contamination control. General recommendations for an air conditioning system, which may include an air cycle system as a cooling source, are included in MIL-E-18927E (AS) and JSSG-2009. Air cycle air conditioning systems include those components which condition high temperature and high pressure air for delivery to occupied and equipment compartments and to electrical and electronic equipment. This document is applicable to open and closed loop air cycle systems. Definitions are contained in Section 5 of this document.
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Air Quality for Commercial Aircraft Cabin Particulate Contaminants

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR4766/1
  • Current
Published 2018-08-23 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers airbone particulate contaminants that may be present in commercial aircraft cabin air during operation. Discussions cover sources of contaminants, methods of control and design recommendations. Air quality, ventilation requirements and standards are also discussed.
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Aircraft Compartment Automatic Temperature Control Systems

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP89D
  • Current
Published 2018-08-23 by SAE International in United States
The recommendations of this SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) for aircraft compartment automatic temperature control systems are primarily intended to be applicable to occupied or unoccupied compartments of civil and military aircraft.
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Air Conditioning Systems for Subsonic Airplanes

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • ARP85F
  • Historical
Published 2018-08-23 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains guidelines and recommendations for subsonic airplane air conditioning systems and components, including requirements, design philosophy, testing and ambient conditions. The airplane air conditioning system comprises that arrangement of equipment, controls and indicators that supply and distribute air to the occupied compartments for ventilation, pressurization, and temperature and moisture control. The principal features of the system are: a A supply of outside air with independent control valve(s). b A means for heating c A means for cooling (air or vapor cycle units and heat exchangers) d A means for removing excess moisture from the air supply e A ventilation subsystem f A temperature control subsystem g A pressure control subsystem Other system components for treating cabin air such as filtration and humidification are included, as are the ancillary functions of equipment cooling and cargo compartment conditioning. The interface with the major associated system, the pneumatic system (Chapter 36 of ATA 100) is at the inlet of the air conditioning shutoff valves. This boundary definition aligns with that in the…
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Air Quality for Commercial Aircraft Cabins

AC-9 Aircraft Environmental Systems Committee
  • Aerospace Standard
  • AIR4766
  • Current
Published 2018-08-23 by SAE International in United States
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information on air quality and some of the factors affecting the perception of cabin air quality in commercial aircraft cabin air. Also a typical safety analysis process utilizing a Functional Hazard Assessment approach is discussed.
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