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Singh, Ripudaman
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Effects of Engine Speed on Spray Behaviors of the Engine Combustion Network “Spray G” Gasoline Injector

Robert Bosch LLC-Mohammad Fatouraie
University of Melbourne-Joshua Lacey, Michael Brear
Published 2018-04-03 by SAE International in United States
Non-reacting spray behaviors of the Engine Combustion Network “Spray G” gasoline fuel injector were investigated at flash and non-flash boiling conditions in an optically accessible single cylinder engine and a constant volume spray chamber. High-speed Mie-scattering imaging was used to determine transient liquid-phase spray penetration distances and observe general spray behaviors. The standardized “G2” and “G3” test conditions recommended by the Engine Combustion Network were matched in this work and the fuel was pure iso-octane. Results from the constant volume chamber represented the zero (stationary piston) engine speed condition and single cylinder engine speeds ranged from 300 to 2,000 RPM. As expected, the present results indicated the general spray behaviors differed significantly between the spray chamber and engine. The differences must be thoughtfully considered when applying spray chamber results to guide spray model development for engine applications. Overall, increases in engine speed correlated well with enhanced vaporization, loss of distinct plume structure, and enhanced spray collapse which led to reductions in wetted-footprint area. Furthermore, while loss of distinct plume structures appeared to be strongly dependent…
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Effects of Fuel Injection Events of Ethanol and Gasoline Blends on Boosted Direct-Injection Engine Performance

University of Michigan-Ripudaman Singh, Travis Burch, George Lavoie, Margaret Wooldridge, Mohammad Fatouraie
Published 2017-10-08 by SAE International in United States
Numerous studies have demonstrated the benefits of ethanol in increasing the thermal efficiency of gasoline-fueled spark ignition engines via the higher enthalpy of vaporization and higher knock resistance of ethanol compared with gasoline. This study expands on previous work by considering a split fuel injection strategy with a boosted direct injection spark ignition engine fueled with E0 (100% by volume reference grade gasoline; with research octane number = 91 and motor octane number = 83), E100 (100% by volume anhydrous ethanol), and various splash-blends of the two fuels. Experiments were performed using a production 3-cylinder Ford Ecoboost engine where two cylinders were de-activated to create a single-cylinder engine with a displacement of 0.33 L. The engine was operated over a range of loads with boosted intake manifold absolute pressure (MAP) from 1 bar to 1.5 bar. The fuel injection timing of single fuel injection events was varied at MAP = 1 bar using different blend ratios (E0, E30, E50, E85 and E100) to identify the range of injection timing corresponding to maximum thermal efficiency for…
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