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Noise and vibration simulations method for electric hybrid tractor powertrain.

Tafe Motors and Tractors Limited-Ishwinder Pal Singh Sethi, Anand Shivajirao Patil
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2469
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Internal combustion (IC) engines have been serving as prime source of power in tractors, since late 19th Century. Over this period, there have been significant improvements in IC engine technology leading to increased power density, reduction in tailpipe emissions and refinement in powertrain noise of tractors. As the regulations governing tailpipe emissions continue to be more stringent, original equipment manufacturers also have initiated work on innovative approaches such as diesel-electric hybrid powertrains to ensure compliance with new norms. However, introduction of such technologies may impact customer’s auditory, vibratory and drivability perceptions. Absence of conventional IC engine noise, association of electric whistle and whine, torque changes with activation/de-activation of motors and transmission behavior under transient conditions may result in new NVH issues in hybrid electric vehicles. The following paper addresses these concerns and introduces a multi-physics simulation model to investigate and mitigate these effects. The multi physics simulation model presented in this paper incorporates the multi-disciplinary domain of internal combustion engine thermodynamics, electric components, mechanical systems, control systems and the vehicle response.
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Engine Exhaust Noise Optimization Using Sobol DoE Sequence and NSGA-II Algorithms

Tafe Motors and Tractors Limited-Ishwinder Pal Singh Sethi, Devendra Nene, Anand Shivajirao Patil
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
Exhaust muffler is one of the most important component for overall vehicle noise signature. Optimized design of exhaust system plays a vital role in engine performance as well as auditory comfort. Exhaust orifice noise reduction is often contradicted by increased back pressure and packaging space. The process of arriving at exhaust design, which meets packaging space, back pressure and orifice noise requirements, is often manual and time consuming. Therefore, an automated numerical technique is needed for this multi-objective optimization.In current case study, a tractor exhaust system has been subjected to Design of Experiments (DoE) using Sobol sequencing algorithm and optimized using NSGA-II algorithm. Target design space of the exhaust muffler is identified and modeled considering available packaging constrain. Various exhaust design parameters like; length of internal pipes, location of baffles and perforation etc. are defined as input variables. Performance objective of back pressure and sound pressure level has also been defined in simulations workflow.Exhaust orifice noise has been reduced with significant reduction in overall simulations time. The optimal design is achieved satisfying all constrains leading…
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Simulations Based Approach for Powertrain Noise Reduction in Tractors

TAFE Motors & Tractors ltd.-Ishwinder Pal Singh Sethi, Anand Shivajirao Patil
Published 2018-06-13 by SAE International in United States
Noise emanating from tractors is a potential health risk for operators, especially during prolonged working hours. As regulations governing noise radiation are made stringent, a first time right simulations based approach is needed to refine various noise sources of tractors. In present case study, powertrain noise optimization of an open station tractor has been carried out. Various noise sources of engine like; structure, intake, exhaust, timing gears and blower fan have been studied. NVH testing has been conducted for noise source ranking and establishing correlation with baseline simulations. Optimization has been performed on engine and it’s aggregates for achieving overall noise reduction of 3 dB(A) at tractor operator ear level, using; multibody dynamics, CFD simulations, linear acoustics and Rayleigh integral approach.
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