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Analysis of the Dynamic Performance of an Engine Front End Accessory Drive System with an Asymmetric Damping Tensioner

Ningbo Fengmao Far-East Rubber Co., Ltd.-Weijun Zhao
South China University of Technology-Bo Zhou, Wen-Bin Shangguan, Shangbin Long, Yi Sun
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0409
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
The automatic tensioner is an important component of the engine front end accessory drive system (EFEADS). It maintains the tension of the belt steadily and reduces the slip of pulley, which is benefit for improving the life of V-ribbed belt. In this paper, an EFEADS model is established which is considering with the hysteretic behavior and the asymmetry of friction damping of a tensioner. A four-pulley EFEADS is taken as a study subject. The dynamic responses of system, such as the oscillation angle of each pulley, the slip factor of pulley, the oscillation of tensioner arm and the dynamic belt tension are analyzed with symmetric damping and asymmetric damping tensioner. Meanwhile, the influence of asymmetric damping factors of tensioner on the dynamic response of EFEADS is also investigated. The experimental results show that tensioner with an asymmetric damping can effectively reduce the oscillation angle of each pulley and the oscillation of tensioner arm, and the fluctuation of dynamic belt tension.
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A Study on Sliding Mode Control for Active Suspension System

BYD Auto Co., Ltd.-Pu Xu
South China University of Technology-Wu Qin, Wen-Bin Shangguan, Huayuan Feng, Yi Sun
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-1084
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
Sliding mode control with a disturbance observer (SMC-DO) is proposed for suppressing the sprung mass vibration in a quarter-car with double-wishbone active suspension system (ASS), which contains the geometry structure of the upper and lower control arms. The governing equations of double-wishbone ASS are obtained by the balance-force analysis of the sprung mass in ASS. Considering uncertainties in damping, stiffness, and external disturbance acting on the sprung mass, we design a disturbance observer based on a sliding mode control (SMC) to estimate these uncertainties under the unknown road excitation. By the Lyapunov minimax approach, the uniform boundedness and the uniform ultimate boundedness of ASS with the proposed control are rigorously proved. Through co-simulation of ADAMS software and MATLAB/Simulink software, the sprung mass acceleration of ASS can be obtained with and without the proposed control. The results show that ASS with the proposed control can yield better riding comfort performance of vibration attenuation of the sprung mass, which verifies the effectiveness of the proposed approach. Furthermore, the effects of external disturbance and control parameter in the…
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Analysis for Dynamic Performances of Engine Front End Accessory Drive System under Accelerating Condition

Ningbo Fengmao Far-East Rubber Co.,Ltd-Weijun Zhao
South China University of Technology-Chujian Lin, Shangbin Long, Yi Sun, Wen-Bin Shangguan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0399
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
A model for a generic layout of an engine front end accessory drive system is established. The dynamic performances of the system are obtained via a numerical method. The dynamic performances consist of the oscillation angle of tensioner arm, the slip ratio of each pulley and the dynamic belt tension. In modeling the system, the hysteretic behavior of an automatic tensioner, the loaded torque of the accessory pulley versus the engine speed, the torsional vibration of crankshaft and the creep of the belt are considered. The dynamic performances of the system at steady state and under accelerating condition are analyzed. An example is provided to validate the established model. The measured results show that the torsional vibration of crankshaft is larger and the dynamic performances of the system are different under accelerating conditions, though the acceleration is small. In the end, the dynamic performances of the system using different belts with different Young’s modulus are studied by the established model.
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Study on the Influence of Nonlinearity of Bushing and Air Spring Stiffness in Truck Suspension System on Joint Forces and Moments Calculation

South China University of Technology-Zhuo-Hui Guan, Zhengjun Wei, Wen-Bin Shangguan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-1395
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
The joint forces and moments applied to the joints in an air suspension system in truck are important input loads for lightweight and fatigue analysis of bushings, air spring brackets, torque arms and trailing arms. In order to derive a reliable solution of joint forces and moments, engineers will generally use Multi Body Dynamics (MBD) simulation software, like ADAMS, which can save time in product development cycle. Taking an air suspension in truck as a study example, a 2-dimensional quasi-static model of an air suspension, whose stiffness of air spring and bushing is nonlinear, is established in ADAMS environment. After that, simulations are performed at the typical and extreme working condition respectively, and the results are compared with another three cases. Case I assumes that the stiffness of air spring is linear but the stiffness of bushings, including torsion and radial stiffness, are nonlinear. Case II assumes that radial stiffness of bushings is linear, but torsion stiffness of bushings and the stiffness of air spring are nonlinear. Case III assumes that torsion stiffness of bushings…
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Modeling and Analysis of Front End Accessory Drive System with Overrunning Alternator Decoupler

Ningbo Fengmao Far-East Rubber Co.,Ltd-Weijun Zhao
South China University of Technology-Zhonghui Yin, Shangbin Long, Yi Sun, Wen-Bin Shangguan
  • Technical Paper
  • 2020-01-0398
To be published on 2020-04-14 by SAE International in United States
The generator is an important loaded component of an engine front end accessory drive system (EFEADS). With a huge moment of inertia and a highest running speed, the vibration and noise often occurs in operation, which has an effect on the service life. Thus an overrunning alternator decoupler (OAD) is used in the EFEADS for reducing the vibration of system. In this paper, a model of EFEADS with an OAD is established. The impact of the OAD on the dynamic responses of pulley of generator and the system are analyzed, and is verified by bench experiments. And the influence of parameters, such as spring stiffness, moment of inertia of generator and loaded torque on the dynamic performances of the system are studied. The influence of misalignment in pulleys on the dynamic performance of system is also discussed. The presented method is useful for optimizing the dynamic performance of system, such as the oscillation of tensioner arm and the slip ratio of the belt-generator pulley.
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Modeling and Validation for the Hysteretic Behavior of an Automatic Belt Tensioner

BYD Auto Industry Company Limited-Pu Xu
South China University of Technology-Shangbin Long, Xuezhi Zhao, Wen-Bin Shangguan
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
An automatic tensioner used in an engine front end accessory drive system (EFEADS) is taken as a study example in this paper. The working torque of the tensioner, which consists of the spring torque caused by a torsional spring and the frictional torques caused by the contact pairs, is analyzed by a mathematic analysis method and a finite element method. And the calculation and simulation are validated by a torque measurement versus angular displacement of a tensioner arm. The working torques of the tensioner under a loading and an unloading process are described by a bilinear hysteretic model, and are written as a function with a damping ratio. The rule of the action for the damping devices is investigated based on the simulation and a durability test of the tensioner. A finite element method for the tensioner without damping device is established. Then the radial deformation for the torsional spring under an unconstrained state is obtained. The analysis results have a good correlation with the measurements. The method presented in this paper is beneficial for…
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Kinematic Analysis and Simulation of the Double Roller Tripod Joint

South China University of Technology-Yinyuan Qiu, Wen-Bin Shangguan
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
The kinematic model of the double roller tripod joint is established in order to analyze its kinematic characteristics and provide theoretical basis for its application and improvement. By means of spatial coordinate transformation, the translational and rotational motion equations of the rollers relative to the tracks and trunnions, the motion equation of the center of the tripod and the equations of the input/output angular displacement error and bending angle are derived. The motion simulation of the double roller tripod universal joint was carried out in ADAMS so as to verify the established kinematic model. The results show that the rollers of the double roller tripod joint only have periodic translational motions relative to the tracks while the rollers have both periodic translational and rotational motions relative to the trunnions. The tripod’s center does the circular motion on the tripod plane with the angular velocity 3 times of the input angular velocity. The input/output angular displacement error and bending angle have volatility, and their fluctuating frequency are 3 times of the input rotational frequency. Hence, the…
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A Control Strategy to Reduce Torque Oscillation of the Electric Power Steering System

Concordia University Montreal-Subhash Rakheja
South China University of Technology-Duo Fu, Wen-Jun Yan, Wen-Bin Shangguan
Published 2019-06-05 by SAE International in United States
This paper proposes a new evaluation method of analyzing stability and design of a controller for an electric power steering (EPS) system. The main purpose of the EPS system’s control design is to ensure a comfortable driving experience of drivers, which mainly depends on the assist torque map. However, the high level of assist gain and its nonlinearity may cause oscillation, divergence and instability to the steering systems. Therefore, an EPS system needs to have an extra stability controller to eliminate the side effect of assist gain on system stability and attenuate the unpleasant vibration. In this paper, an accurate theoretical model is built and the method for evaluating system quality are suggested. The bench tests and vehicle experiments are carried out to verify the theoretical analysis. The evaluation method proposed in this paper can not only guide the design of controller parameters, but also evaluate the control effect while the performance of several controllers are all excellent.
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Design of Isolation Pulley in Front of Crankshaft to Reduce Vibrations of Front End Accessory Drive System

South China University of Technology-Wen-Bin Shangguan, Xiao Feng
Published 2015-06-15 by SAE International in United States
The driving pulley is often used as a Torsional Vibration Damper (TVD) for the crankshaft in the front end accessory drive (FEAD) system. Although the crankshaft torsional vibrations are dampened, they are transmitted to the belt transmission and therefore to the driven accessories. The isolation pulley is a new device to reduce the belt tension fluctuation by isolating the belt transmission from the crankshaft torsional vibrations. A five-pulley system with isolation pulley is presented and a non-linear model is established to predict the dynamic response of the pulleys, tensioner motion, tension fluctuation and slippage. The model works in the time domain with Runge-Kutta time-stepping algorithm. The numerical simulation results of harmonic excitations show that the amplitudes of the belt tension fluctuation and the vibrations of each component are reduced significantly. Moreover, the effect of isolation pulley parameters on the system natural frequencies is demonstrated. It is shown that natural frequency of the system is reduced by using lower stiffness and thus the crankshaft torsional vibrations are isolated.
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Multi-Mode and Rubber-Damped Torsional Vibration Absorbers for Engine Crankshaft Systems

Tuopu Group-Wei Gao, Kai-Hong Jiang, Dino Zonni
Tuopu Group and South China University of Technology-Wen-Bin Shangguan
Published 2007-05-15 by SAE International in United States
With the development of light weight design and the high power output of an engine, and since the damping of rubber materials is relatively low, the effectiveness of torsional vibration (TV) control for an engine crankshaft with an ordinary Single Mode and rubber-damped TV Absorber (SMTVA) is limited. Here, a SMTVA references to a TVA with only one inertial mass. In this paper, the configurations of some Multi-Mode and rubber-damped TV Absorbers (MMTVA) having more than one inertial mass are introduced firstly, then a detailed procedure for modeling a torsional vibration system for a generic crankshaft system is presented. Thirdly, an optimization method for determining the design parameters of a MMTVA (mass ratios, frequency ratios and damping ratios) is developed. The proposed calculation method is based on reducing the torsional vibration of a crankshaft. An example is given for demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed method and the MMTVA in reducing the TV of a crankshaft. The calculated results show that MMTVA can reduce crankshaft TV greatly although the damping of each SMTVA in a…
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