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This SAE Standard specifies requirements and design guidelines for electrical wiring systems of less than 50 V and cable diameters from 0.35 to 19 mm2 used on off-road, self-propelled earthmoving machines as defined in SAE J1116 and agricultural tractors as defined in ASAE S390
CTTC C2, Electrical Components and Systems
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) contains landing gear strength and rigidity requirements which, in combination with other applicable specifications, define the structural design, analysis, test, and data requirements for fixed wing piloted airplanes. These requirements include, but are not limited to, the following: a General specifications: 1 The shock-absorption characteristics and strength of landing-gear units and the strength and rigidity of their control systems and of their carry-through structures. Requirements for wheels, tires, and brakes as they affect air vehicle ground loads are also included. 2 The strength of structures integral with the airplane provided for transmitting catapulting forces to the airplanes, and for engaging shipboard and shore-based arresting gear, and barricades. 3 The strength of anchor-line clamps, and the airplane strength for hoisting, jacking, towing, tie-down, and other ground- or deck-handling conditions. 4 Structural design, analysis, and test
A-5B Gears, Struts and Couplings Committee
This SAE Recommended Practice provides dimensional specifications for the 41/2 and 53/4 inch general service sealed lighting units, intended for use in such applications as motorcycle headlamps, military headlamps, industrial machinery headlamps, fog lamps, spot lamps, etc. See Figures 1 and 2 and Tables 1 and 2
Road Illumination Devices Standards Committee
This Standard is to establish identification terminology for major components and parts used in the ripping operation on earthmoving machines. The components and parts illustrated are attached to certain self-propelled earthmoving machines and/or attachments as defined in SAE J326, J727, J729, J870 and J1193
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
The scope of this document is to provide uniform guidelines for the application of starter motor pinions and ring gears. SAE J543 contains guidelines for the use of diametral pitch gearing. The pinion data shown are based on the Fellows stub tooth system. Refer to ISO 8123, ISO 9457-1, and ISO 9457-2 for module gearing, and corresponding metric dimensions
Electrical Systems
This SAE Recommended Practice is intended for service only. Use ANSI B92.1, 1a, and B92.2M. This document contains information on inch serrated shaft ends and hole dimensions. For metric information, see TSB 003
Trans Axle Driveline Forum Committee
This SAE Standard describes a uniform method to calculate and specify travel performance characteristics of hydraulic excavators, material handlers, knuckle boom log loaders, delimbers, feller bunchers, harvesters, processors, and other knuckle boom material handlers. It establishes definitions and specifies machine conditions for calculations and tests. This document applies to crawler mounted machines such as hydraulic excavators as defined in SAE J/ISO 6165 and ISO 7135, and knuckle boom log loaders as defined in SAE J1209 and SAE J2055. This document also applies to certain forestry equipment defined in SAE J1209 and ISO 6814 that have crawler mountings such as delimbers, feller bunchers, harvesters, and processors. Included in the definition of hydraulic excavators are also front shovel, clamshell, and telescoping boom excavators
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Standard applies to spark plug installation sockets of the long length type which are to be used for installing spark plugs of the most commonly used sizes for the North American market
Ignition Standards Committee
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) is intended to apply to those oxygen regulators which supply gaseous oxygen at breathing pressures to meet physiological requirements of aircraft flight crew members. It defines the minimum performance requirements and testing for aircraft demand type breathing oxygen regulators
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This Aerospace Information Report provides general information to aircraft designers and engineers, regarding LOX, its properties, its storage and its conversion to gas. Much useful information is included herein for aircraft designers regarding important design considerations for a safe and effective installation to an aircraft. The associated ground support equipment needed to support operations of LOX equipped aircraft is also discussed. It is important to realize that LOX equipped aircraft cannot be supported unless this support infrastructure is also available. A significant part of this document will address the specific advantages, disadvantages and precautions relating to LOX systems. These are important issues that must be considered in deciding which oxygen system to install to the aircraft. Also, many commercial and military aircraft use aeromedical LOX equipment that is mostly portable equipment. Aeromedical LOX equipment is not addressed herein as it is beyond the scope of
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This document defines the minimum degree of purity and maximum levels of certain deleterious impurities allowable for aviator's breathing oxygen at the point of manufacture or generation. It covers gaseous, liquid, and chemically generated oxygen, and oxygen supplied by in situ concentration and in situ electrolysis. Different limits are established for oxygen from different sources, in recognition of differences in the ways the oxygen is stored, dispensed, and utilized, taking into account the safety of the user. These limits are not intended to specifically reflect upon the relative capabilities or merits of various technologies. Procurement documents may specify more stringent limits, where required for specific applications. Medical oxygen is not covered by this standard. In the United States, medical oxygen is a prescription drug and complies with the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP). In Europe, medical oxygen specification compiles with the European Pharmacopoeia monograph (Ph
A-10 Aircraft Oxygen Equipment Committee
This ARP outlines recommended practices to quantify the concentrations of a subset of bleed air contaminant marker compounds on an aircraft propulsion engine or APU prior to delivery and installation on civil and military aircraft. Testing is specified during steady state (non-transient) operation only, in a ground level test bed. Included are recommended test setup, test procedures, techniques for sampling ambient air and bleed air, and one or more specific analytical methodologies for each of the suggested bleed air contaminant marker compounds at quantification levels, given practical constraints
E-31B Bleed Air Committee
This document summarizes published measurement data and reference values for marker chemical compounds listed in ARP4418 (see 2.1.1) potentially found in aircraft engine bleed air
E-31B Bleed Air Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes the continuous sampling and analysis of gaseous emissions from aircraft gas turbine engines. The measured gas species include carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), hydrocarbons (HC), and water vapor (H2O). This ARP excludes engine operating procedures and test modes, and is not intended for in-flight testing, nor does it apply to engines operating in the afterburning mode. It is recognized that there will probably be major advances in the gas analysis measurement technology. It is not the intent of this ARP to exclude other analysis techniques, but to form the basis of the minimum amount of conventional instruments (those in common industry usage over the last fifteen years) required for the analysis of aircraft engine exhaust. It is the responsibility of the analyst to demonstrate the alternative measurement technology has comparable (or better) performance than the techniques
E-31G Gaseous Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) standardizes test equipment and procedures for the measurement of smoke emission from aircraft gas turbine engines. The procedures included are for determining and reporting the amount of smoke emission. Tests have indicated that the practically achievable precision of the smoke number is within ±3 when the system is properly used as outlined herein. This procedure is not intended for in-flight testing, nor does it apply to engines operating in the afterburning mode
E-31G Gaseous Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) addresses the following: 1 Captures previous experience and lessons learned in the application of PM. 2 Tabulates public-domain applications, and several representative examples discussed in detail. 3 Notes relative merits and barriers to implementation. The document does not contain technical details of probabilistic methods, benchmarking of specific approaches or legal aspects. These subjects are covered in other AIRs, referenced in Section 2 and prepared by the Probabilistic Methods Committee of the G-11 Reliability, Maintainability, Supportability and Logistics (RMSL) Division of SAE
G-11 Probabilistic Methods and Uncertainty Quantification
Current design and development practices leading to formal liquid rocket engine qualification (USAF) or certification (NASA) will not achieve the specific reliability objectives of future programs. New rocket engine programs are dictating quantified requirements for high reliability in parallel with a cost-constrained procurement environment. These specified reliability levels cannot be validated with the necessary confidence in a timely or cost-effective manner by present methods. Therefore, a new improved process is needed and has been developed. This new reliability certification methodology will be discussed in detail in the five sections that comprise this document. Primary purposes of this report are to: a Define and illustrate this process b Point out its strengths and weaknesses c Provide guidelines for its application on programs which have specified reliability requirements Increased emphasis on rocket engine reliability and cost has prompted the Liquid Rocket Certification
G-11 Probabilistic Methods and Uncertainty Quantification
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a method for assessing size dependent particle losses in a sampling and measurement system of specified geometry utilizing the non-volatile PM (nvPM) mass and number concentrations measured at the end of the sampling system.1 The penetration functions of the sampling and measurement system may be determined either by measurement or by analytic computational methods. Loss mechanisms including thermophoretic (which has a very weak size dependence) and size dependent losses are considered in this method2 along with the uncertainties due to both measurement error and the assumptions of the method. The results of this system loss assessment allow development of estimated correction factors for nvPM mass and number concentrations to account for the system losses facilitating estimation of the nvPM mass and number at the engine exhaust nozzle exit plane. As the particle losses are size dependent, the magnitude of correction factors can
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This SAE Standard was developed to provide a method for indicating the direction of engine rotation and numbering of engine cylinders. The document is intended for use in designing new engines to eliminate the differences which presently exist in industry
Engine Power Test Code Committee
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) addresses legal issues concerning use of non-deterministic methods in the design and/or analysis of systems. The investigation includes an assessment of legal precedent for use of these methods both in the aerospace industry and in other non-aerospace engineering contexts. The investigation is primarily, but not exclusively, focused on United States of America Federal and State Law. This document is not intended to be used in any way as a “legal justification” for the use of Probabilistic Methods - it is simply a compilation of experience and past precedent. Many engineers note that the use of Probabilistic Methods for failure risk assessment implies an acceptance that any design will have a finite, albeit small, risk of loss of function, and express concern that this could be seized upon in a Court of Law to indicate that the design was “unsafe”. This report helps to allay some of these fears by presenting the logic used in past legal
G-11 Probabilistic Methods and Uncertainty Quantification
This standard sets forth accepted terminology to name and identify types of earthmoving machines, and is based upon existing commercial earthmoving machines. Illustrations are used to identify functional characteristics. The terminology establishes a name for a basic work machine such that it is not renamed when various components are mounted to it. For example, when a dozer is mounted on a 'tractor', the work machine can be referred to as 'tractor with dozer
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is a historical technical record describing procedures, required continuous sampling conditions, and instrumentation for the measurement of non-volatile particle number and mass concentrations from the exhaust of aircraft gas turbine engines. Procedures are included to calculate sampling loss performance. This AIR is not intended for in-flight testing, nor does it apply to engine operating in the afterburning mode. This Aerospace Information Report is a historical technical record of the initial document detailing the measurement of non-volatile particle emissions at the exit plane of aircraft gas turbine engines. This methodology was adopted by ICAO into Annex 16 Vol II and updated into Aerospace Recommended Practice ARP6320. Future updates of this document may include explanations of the reasoning and assumptions used to develop this measurement methodology
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) details the recommended process for correcting measured non-volatile Particulate Matter (nvPM) mass and number data for particle losses in the sampling and measurement system specified in ARP6320. This technique is only recommended for conditions where both nvPM mass and number concentration measurements are in the valid measurement ranges of the instruments which are discussed in the tool limitations section. This ARP also supplies an Excel® software tool with documentation to automate the process. The body of the ARP details the recommended calculation method, uncertainties and limitations of the system loss correction factors. It explains, in detail, the required inputs and outputs from the supplied Excel® software tool (developed on Windows 7, Excel® 2016). Also included are: The Excel® correction tools (Attachments I and V). Installation instructions for a Windows based computer (Attachment II). A user technical manual (Attachment III
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This SAE Standard provides names of major components peculiar to graders as defined in SAE J1057 (See Figure 1). Illustrations are not intended to be exactly descriptive of any particular machine
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Standard is intended for curved cutting edge sections used on graders as defined in SAE J870 and J1057. (See Figure 1 and Table 1.) Hole conformation is further defined in SAE J740 and J1580. This document specifes hole placement along the length and width of the cutting edge and dimensions for cutting edge cross sections. See Table 1
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Standard applies to all machines with shovel, clam, or dragline attachment
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This standard is for cutting edge sections typically used in earth-moving machinery defined in SAE J1116 and ISO 6165: a Scrapers as defined in ISO 7133. b Dozers as described in ISO 6747. c Loaders as described in ISO 7131. d Graders as described in ISO 7134. Hole spacing is defined ISO 7129. Hole conformation is defined in SAE J740
MTC1, Earthmoving Machinery
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) applies to landing gear structures and mechanisms (excluding wheels, tires, and brakes and other landing gear systems) for all types and models of civil and military aircraft. All axles, wheel forks, links, arms, mechanical and gas/oil shock struts, downlock and uplock assemblies, braces, trunnion beams, and truck beams, etc., that sustain loads originating at the ground, and that are not integral parts of the airframe structure, should be designed and validated in accordance with this document. Hydraulic actuators (retraction, main and nose gear steering, positioning, damping, etc.) should also be included in this coverage. System level, non-structural components such as retraction/extension valves, controllers, secondary structure and mechanisms in the airframe (e.g., manual release mechanisms, slaved doors) as well as equipment that is located in the cockpit are not addressed in this ARP
A-5B Gears, Struts and Couplings Committee
This recommended practice describes how to toughen a new or existing PNT system with the installation of inline GPS/GNSS jamming protection
PNT Position, Navigation, and Timing
This test method provides performance data on candidate insulation systems as a function of time and temperature. These data give engineering information on the wire insulation candidate relative to the performance of materials already in use with a backlog of experience. These tests expose candidate insulation systems to a wide range of temperatures for short and long periods of time, while measuring the degradation of its physical properties. For aerospace use, end-point proof tests include mandrel bend, water soak, and dielectric integrity
AE-8D Wire and Cable Committee
This document lists those guidelines recognized as being essential for consideration by the designer who is preparing to select an elastomer as part of an aerospace design
AMS CE Elastomers Committee
Aircraft surface precipitation static (p-static) charge can be generated when aircraft fly through ice particles, rain, snow and dust. However, in the context of p-static protection, this document is used for providing guidance for any thing that charges the outer surface of the aircraft (e.g. engine exhaust). P-static discharges from the aircraft can disrupt aircraft communication, navigation, and surveillance radios, and can damage aircraft radomes and windshields. This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines design considerations for aircraft p-static control and related methods to verify acceptable aircraft p-static performance. This ARP addresses p-static charging due to the aircraft flying through ice particles, rain, snow and dust. It does not address other triboelectric charging that may be present in an aircraft, such as triboelectric fuel charging or environmental control system or air conditioning static charging. It does not address electrostatic charging created
AE-2 Lightning Committee
The primary function of this specification is to cover the general requirements of one-, two-, and three-phase (often referred to as poles) trip-free circuit breakers for use in aircraft electric systems conforming to MIL-STD-704. As a secondary function, this specification may possibly cover the general requirements of one-, two- and three-phase circuit breakers for use in primary vehicles, other than aircraft, when mounted directly to the structure
AE-7P Protective and Control Devices
This checklist is to be used by project personnel to assure that factors required for adequate system electromagnetic compatibility are considered and incorporated into a program. It provides a ready reference of EMC management and documentation requirements for a particular program from preproposal thru acquisition. When considered with individual equipments comprising the system and the electromagnetic operational environment in which the system will operate, the checklist will aid in the preparation of an EMC analysis. The analysis will facilitate the development of system- dependent EMC criteria and detailed system, subsystem, and equipment design requirements ensuring electromagnetic compatibility. It should be noted that all subjects are not covered and that all items listed may not be required on a given program
AE-4 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Committee
This ARP describes recommended sampling conditions, instrumentation, and procedures for the measurement of nonvolatile particle number and mass concentrations from the exhaust of aircraft gas turbine engines. Procedures are included to estimate sampling system loss performance. This ARP is not intended for in-flight testing, nor does it apply to engines operating in the afterburning mode. This ARP is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This report provides current practice measurement methods for quantifying nonvolatile particle matter at the exit plane of aircraft gas turbine engines. This document contains detailed information for many instruments and techniques, described in AIR5892A, that have been applied in aircraft engine field tests since AIR5892A was first issued in April 2003. There are four sections, identified as Technical Appendices (TA), presenting measurement techniques, sampling, and quantification of nonvolatile particles. The sections are written in the format of Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) documents and intended to progress to recommended practices upon overcoming existing technical challenges. Many important technical advances have been accomplished that comprise the Aircraft Engine Exhaust Nonvolatile Particle Matter Measurement Method Development techniques described in TA A: Particle Mass,TA B: particle Number and Size,TA C: Particle Sampling, and TA D: Calculation of Particle Number
E-31P Particulate Matter Committee
This standard only defines interconnect, electrical and logical (functional) requirements for the interface between a Micro Munition and the Host. The physical and mechanical interface between the Micro Munition and Host is undefined. Individual programs will define the relevant requirements for physical and mechanical interfaces in the Interface Control Document (ICD) or system specifications. It is acknowledged that this does not guarantee full interoperability of Interface for Micro Munitions (IMM) interfaces until further standardization is achieved
AS-1B Aircraft Store Integration Committee
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