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Experiences of Civil Certification of Multi-Core Processing Systems in Commercial and Military Avionics, Integration Activities, and Analysis

SAE International Journal of Advances and Current Practices in Mobility

Collins Aerospace-Harold Glenn Tiedeman
Wind River UK Ltd.-Paul Parkinson
  • Journal Article
  • 2019-01-1382
Published 2019-03-19 by SAE International in United States
Avionics systems are currently undergoing a transition from single core processor architectures to multi-core processor architectures. This transition enables significant advantages in reduction in size, weight, power (SWaP) and cost. However, avionics hardware and software certification policies and guidance are evolving as research and experience is gained with multi-core processor architectures. The unique challenges of using multi-core processors in certified avionics will be discussed. The requirements for a virtualization platform supporting multiple real-time operating system (RTOS) partitions on a multi-core processor used in safety-critical avionics systems are defined, including the ability to support multiple design assurance levels (DAL) on multiple cores, fault isolation and containment, static configuration as per ARINC 653, role-based development as per DO-297, and robust partitioning to reduce cost of incremental certification. The paper will present a collaborative approach undertaken by a leading avionics system supplier and a leading safety-critical commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) RTOS supplier in the development of a multi-core real-time system with DO-178C DAL A software and DO-254 DAL A hardware safety certification on an FAA Program of Record (PoR). Theā€¦
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