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Evaluating the Effect of Light Weighting Through Roll Stiffness Change on Vehicle Maneuverability and Stability

Maruti Suzuki India, Ltd.-Eric Pranesh Reuben, Raghav Budhiraja, Sreeraj N, Rakesh K, Amardeep Singh
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-28-2406
To be published on 2019-11-21 by SAE International in United States
Objective To achieve better fuel economy and reduced carbon footprint, OEMs are reducing the sprung and unsprung mass. This translates into a reduction in stiffness which profoundly deteriorates the handling/road holding characteristics of the vehicle. To model these changes in stiffness, modifications are made to suspension roll stiffness at the front and rear. This study compares different configurations of roll stiffness and evaluates vehicle behavior using frequency response characteristics and phase change of Yaw Gain recorded. The present work associates acquired data with subjective feedback to outline the shift in vehicle balance emerging from a variation of sprung and unsprung mass ratio. Methodology To study the frequency response characteristics of the vehicle, the pulse input is chosen for this. An ideal pulse input’s Fourier transform represents constant amplitude over all the frequency ranges. By giving a single input, the system is subjected to a range of frequencies. The changes in roll stiffness at the front and rear axles are achieved through addition of Stabilizer Bars of different diameters and stiffness. The test is conducted using…