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Mueller, Becky C.
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Next Steps for the IIHS Side Crashworthiness Evaluation Program

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)-Raul A. Arbelaez, Becky C. Mueller, Matthew L. Brumbelow, Eric R. Teoh
Published 2019-07-08 by The Stapp Association in United States
Abstract - IIHS has been conducting side impact crash tests since 2003. To understand how the side crashworthiness program can be enhanced, an ongoing research effort is focused on understanding the correlation between IIHS ratings and driver death rate. In addition, the performance of good-rated late-model vehicles has been assessed in higher severity side crash tests. The purpose of this short communication is to summarize the ongoing work and potential next steps toward developing a new crash test procedure or updating ratings criteria to further advance side crashworthiness.
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Structural Design Strategies for Improved Small Overlap Crashworthiness Performance

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety-Becky C. Mueller, Andrew S. Brethwaite, David S. Zuby, Joseph M. Nolan
Published 2014-11-10 by The Stapp Association in United States
In 2012, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) began a 64 km/h small overlap frontal crash test consumer information test program. Thirteen automakers already have redesigned models to improve test performance. One or more distinct strategies are evident in these redesigns: reinforcement of the occupant compartment, use of energy-absorbing fender structures, and the addition of engagement structures to induce vehicle lateral translation. Each strategy influences vehicle kinematics, posing additional challenges for the restraint systems. The objective of this two-part study was to examine how vehicles were modified to improve small overlap test performance and then to examine how these modifications affect dummy response and restraint system performance. Among eight models tested before and after design changes, occupant compartment intrusion reductions ranged from 6 cm to 45 cm, with the highest reductions observed in models with the largest number of modifications. All redesigns included additional occupant compartment reinforcement, one-third added structures to engage the barrier, and two modified a shotgun load path. Designs with engagement structures produced greater glance-off from the barrier and exhibited lower…
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Comparison of Hybrid III and THOR Dummies in Paired Small Overlap Tests

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety-Becky C. Mueller, Christopher P. Sherwood, Raul A. Arbelaez, David S. Zuby, Joseph M. Nolan
Published 2011-11-07 by The Stapp Association in United States
The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is investigating small overlap crash test procedures for a possible consumer information program. Analysis of real-world small overlap crashes found a strong relationship between serious head and chest injuries and occupant compartment intrusion. The main sources of serious head injuries were from the A-pillar, dash panel, or door structure, suggesting head trajectories forward and outboard possibly bypassing the airbag. Chest injuries mainly were from steering wheel intrusion and seat belt loading. In developing this program, two test dummies were evaluated for predicting occupant injury risk: midsize male Hybrid III and THOR. In the collinear small overlap crash tests conducted here, results from the two dummies were similar. Both predicted a low risk of injury to the head and chest and sometimes a high risk of injury to the lower extremities. Head and torso kinematics also were similar between dummies. Other test scenarios might show larger differences between the dummies.
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