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Advanced Exergy Analysis of an Air Craft Gas Turbine Engine at Different Power Loading Operations

GIFT, Bhubaneshwar-Alok Kumar Mohapatra
VIT Universtity Vellore-Tapano Hotta
Published 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The innovations in aircraft propulsion have been identified as the key parameter towards the progress in transportation. Continuous advancement in the performance and efficiency of propulsion has enabled aircraft to travel over larger distances with higher speed. Aviation is also responsible for approximately 2% of total greenhouse gas emission and is expected to grow around 3% by 2050. The present article aims to use the exergetic analysis of a turboprop engine which should be helpful in designing of such engines and also helps these engine users to regulate and select the operation modes. A gas turbine with film air cooling of turbine blades has been proposed to be the turboprop engine. The engine is analyzed on exergy point of view at different power loading operation modes and the performance is studied. Selected exergetic measures under consideration are Exergy Efficiency, Fuel Exergy Depletion Ratio, Relative Exergy Consumption Ratio, Exergetic Improvement potential and Productivity Lack ratio. The total fuel exergy depletion ratio of the turboprop engine is estimated to be around 64.7 % at 100% loading. Also,…
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Energy, Exergy and Emission Performance Analysis of Air-Film Blade Cooled Turbo Prop Turbine for Heavy Duty Cargo Aircrafts

G. L Bajaj Institute of Technology & Management-Shivam Mishra
Gandhi Institute for Technology-Alok Kumar Mohapatra
Published 2019-03-19 by SAE International in United States
In the present scenario, when the non-conventional energy resources are still under development stage for their full potential as a source of energy for our fast growing population, gas turbines are one of the most promising power generation technologies. The gas turbine based power utilities are also gaining acceptance across globe, because of increase in extraction of natural gas. Further reduction in the price of natural gas would also result in the number of gas turbine units installed across globe and thus it is important to carry out the environmental analysis of gas turbine based utilities. The gas turbines are employed in power generation in industries, aircrafts and marine propulsion units. The present exercise carries out thermodynamic performance analysis i.e. energy, exergy and emission performance analysis of an air-craft gas turbine. The gas turbine blades of present cycle are assumed to be cooled by air-film blade cooling technique. The present paper carries out the thermodynamic analysis by varying cycle parameters i.e. cycle pressure ratio and turbine-rotor-inlet-temperature. The study further investigates the cycle based on second-law…
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Thermodynamic Analysis of an Evaporative Inlet Air Cooled Combined Cycle for Marine Application

GIFT, Bhubaneswar-Alok Kumar Mohapatra
NIT Jamshedpur-Anupam Kumari
Published 2018-09-10 by SAE International in United States
The integration of inlet air cooling to gas turbine based power utilities is a well accepted practice as this modification to the utility delivers superior utility performance. However, application of inlet-air cooling to drive turbines and specifically to marine mobility sector is rare in literature. Marine vessels are generally propelled by diesel engines, however large marine vessels specifically cruise ships and high speed naval vessels may have requirements of higher speeds and on-board power requirements which can fulfilled by gas turbine driving the propellers while on-board power needs can be met by steam turbine power generated from gas turbine exhaust heat. Such gas-steam combined cycles have the potential to become popular for high capacity marine vessels. The choice of gas turbine based combined cycle power plant for marine vessels in comparison to diesel engine powered vessel is also superior due to lower emission from the former. Higher ambient temperatures are known to negatively affect gas turbine and hence also marine combined cycle performance. The present article discusses the prospects of using an evaporative inlet air…
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