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Liang, Chi-Ying
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A Biodynamic Model for the Assessment of Human Operator Performance under Vibration Environment

Intrinsic, Inc.-Kristin Overmeyer
Systems Technology, Inc.-Chi-Ying Liang, Raymond Magdaleno, Dongchan Lee, David H. Klyde, R. Wade Allen
Published 2005-06-14 by SAE International in United States
A combined biodynamic and vehicle model is used to assess the vibration and performance of a human operator performing driving and other tasks. The other tasks include reaching, pointing and tracking by the driver and/or passenger. This analysis requires the coordinated use of separate and mature software programs for anthropometrics, vehicle dynamics, biodynamics, and systems analysis. The total package is called AVB-DYN, an acronym for Anthropometrics, Vehicle and Bio-DYNamics. The biodynamic component of AVB-DYN is described, and then compared with an experiment that studied human operator in-vehicle reaching performance using the U.S. Army TACOM Ride Motion Simulator.
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Combined Terrain, Vehicle, and Digital Human Models Used for Human Operator Performance Analysis

Systems Technology, Inc.-Peter M. Thompson, Chi-Ying Liang, David H. Klyde, R. Wade Allen
Published 2004-06-15 by SAE International in United States
A combined biodynamic and vehicle model is used to assess the vibration and performance of a human operator performing driving and other tasks. The other tasks include reaching, pointing and tracking by the driver and/or passenger. This analysis requires the coordinated use of separate and mature software programs for anthropometrics, vehicle dynamics, biodynamics, and systems analysis. The total package is called AVB-DYN, an acronym for Anthropometrics, Vehicle, and Bio-DYNamics. The objectives and architecture are discussed, and then a preliminary version of this package is demonstrated in an example where a HMMWV (High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle) operator is performing a driving task.
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Tire Modeling for Off-Road Vehicle Simulation

Systems Technology, Inc.-Chi-Ying Liang, R. Wade Allen, Theodore J. Rosenthal, Jeffrey P. Chrstos
TACOM / TARDEC-Patrick Nunez
Published 2004-05-04 by SAE International in United States
A tire/terrain interaction model is presented to support the dynamic simulation of off-road ground vehicle. The model adopts a semi-empirical approach that is based on curve fits of soil data combined with soil mechanics theories to capture soil compaction, soil shear deformation, and soil passive failure that associate with off-road driving. The resulting model allows the computation of the tire forces caused by terrain deformation in longitudinal and lateral direction. This model has been compared with experimental data and shown reasonable prediction of the tire/terrain interaction.
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