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Fuel Flexibility Study of a Compression Ignition Engine at High Loads

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology-Abdullah S. AlRamadan, Moez Ben Houidi, Gustav Nyrenstedt, Bengt Johansson
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2193
Published 2019-12-19 by SAE International in United States
Engine experiments were performed on a single-cylinder heavy-duty engine at relatively high loads to investigate the regions where the combustion characteristics are unchanged regardless of the fuel octane number. Primary Reference Fuels (PRFs) and three different commercial fuels with RON values ranging from 0 to 100 were tested in this study. A sweep of net indicated mean effective pressure (IMEPNet) of 5 to 20 bar, absolute intake pressure of 1.5 to 2.8 bar, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) of 0 to 40%, and fuel injection pressure of 700 to 1400 bar were performed to investigate the combustion characteristics, ignition delay time, combustion duration, efficiency, and emissions. At the highest load point (IMEPNet = 20 bar), all the fuels burn as in conventional diesel combustion. Despite the wide range of octane numbers, all fuels had similar ignition delay time, combustion duration, indicated efficiency, and emissions at 10 to 20 bar IMEPNet. It follows that CI mode is the only realistic option at high load and pressure points. All fuels showed similar combustion duration and emission levels behavior…
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Injection Strategies for Isobaric Combustion

Clean Combustion Research Center (CCRC), King Abdullah Unive-Rafig Babayev, Moez Ben Houidi, VS Bhavani Shankar, Bassam Aljohani, Bengt Johansson
  • Technical Paper
  • 2019-01-2267
Published 2019-12-19 by SAE International in United States
In a previous study, we demonstrated that the isobaric combustion cycle, achieved with a split injection strategy, can be more suitable for the double compression expansion engine concept than the conventional diesel combustion cycle. The present work is focused on understanding the effect of different injection strategies on the heat release, efficiency, and emissions of isobaric combustion at the peak cylinder pressure of 150 bar. In situ injection rate measurements are performed to improve our understanding of the heat release rate shape and pollutant formation. A variation of load is performed to demonstrate the feasibility of the isobaric combustion cycle at higher loads, and the means of achieving them. The thermal efficiency reduces at lower loads because of heat losses. It peaks at a medium load point before reducing again at higher loads because of exhaust losses. The effect of altering the injection strategy on the isobaric combustion cycle is also studied at a constant equivalence ratio. The alteration of injection strategy is proven to have minimal effect on efficiency, loss mechanisms, and emissions when…
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