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Hornung, Mirko
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Landing Gear Integration into Aircraft Structure in Early Design Stage

Bauhaus Luftfahrt EV-Ulrich Kling, Mirko Hornung
Published 2019-09-16 by SAE International in United States
The demanded development towards various emission reduction goals set up by several institutions forces the aerospace industry to think about new technologies and alternative aircraft configurations. With these alternative aircraft concepts, the landing gear layout is also affected. Turbofan engines with very high bypass ratios could increase the diameter of the nacelles extensively. In this case, mounting the engines above the wing could be a possible arrangement to avoid an exceedingly long landing gear. Thus, the landing gear could be shortened and eventually mounted at the fuselage instead of the wings. Other technologies such as high aspect ratio wings have an influence on the landing gear integration as well. To assess the difference, especially in weight, between the conventional landing gear configuration and alternative layouts a method is developed based on preliminary structural designs of the different aircraft components, namely landing gear, wing and fuselage. Simplified parametric finite element structural models for the different components are introduced. These models are used to investigate different aircraft configurations with special regard on the landing gear integration. The…
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Novel Aircraft Ground Operation Concepts Based on Clustering of Interfaces

Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V.-Philipp Nguyen
Munich Aerospace e.V.-Michael Schmidt
Published 2015-09-15 by SAE International in United States
The projected uptick in world passenger traffic challenges the involved stakeholders to optimise the current aviation system and to find new solutions being able to cope with this trend. Since especially large hub airports are congested, operate at their capacity limit and further extensions are difficult to realise. Delays due to late arrival of aircraft or less predictable ground operation processes disrupt the airport operations in a serious way. Various concepts improving the current turnaround processes have been presented thus far, whereby radical aircraft design changes have little chances for realisation in the short term. By maintaining the established overall aircraft configuration, the concepts promote higher probability to become commercially available for aircraft manufactures and operators. Based on a clustering of aircraft interfaces, such as doors and service panels, for state-of-the-art passenger aircraft, concepts targeting to reduce the required resources and time are presented. First studies show that relocating and installing wider passenger doors allow shortening the passenger egress and ingress process by up to 55% compared to current short-to-medium haul aircraft. From a cabin…
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Holistic Granular Programming: A Novel Approach for Modeling Aircraft

Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V.-Askin T. Isikveren, Sven Ziemer, Gernot Stenz, Mirko Hornung
Published 2011-10-18 by SAE International in United States
Description of work-in-progress design candidates during the pre-concept and conceptual aircraft design stages have traditionally followed protocol compatible with the later, more mature phases of contemporary product development, i.e. preliminary and detailed design. Up to this moment in time there has been a natural, intuitive tendency to approach design description using geometry as the initial basis upon which all analysis and design refinement could proceed. Design and integration, whether kinematic or structural (static) systems, and irrespective of applications, should be treated as a holistic problem with functionality as opposed to geometric description of a physically tangible artifact being the first step in product definition. This paper presents a coherent, logical method of describing an aircraft concept using functionality as a basis. Hereafter known as Holistic Granular Programming (HGP), any collection of assemblies and components can be described mathematically, and, subsequently analyzed as an engineering safety system. Thereafter, a discussion is given detailing how HGP can be integrated within the Conceptual Design Tool (CDT), an open-source, multi-disciplinary framework for aircraft design currently being developed at Bauhaus…
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